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Criminal Justice 2012. Chapter 6: Parameters for Empowerment and Trust: Style Theory. Class Name, Instructor Name. Date, Semester. Objective. To integrate the two major behavioral aspects of the leader, task and relationship, in order to influence subordinates to reach a predefined goal.

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criminal justice 2012
Criminal Justice 2012

Chapter 6:

Parameters for Empowerment

and Trust:

Style Theory

Class Name,Instructor Name

  • Date, Semester
objective
Objective

To integrate the two major behavioral aspects of the leader, task and relationship, in order to influence subordinates to reach a predefined goal.

Develop a “style” for effective leadership.

definition
Definition

Focus is on the behavior of the individual in terms of what leaders do and how they act.

Concentration on the integration of task (initiating) and relationship (consideration) behavior to influence others to reach their goals.

Maximize the impact on the satisfaction and performance of followers.

blake and mouton grid
Blake and Mouton Grid

9 1, 9 9,9

8 Country Club Team

P 7

E 6

O 5 5, 5

P 4 Middle

L 3

E 2 Impoverished Authority-Compliance

1 1,1 9,1

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9

R E S U L T S

application
Application

Suggests that leaders should modify their behavioral style in order to increase their effectiveness

People sometimes use different styles just to get what they want at that point in time

Trade-off between task and relationship is not the same for all situations

Employee satisfaction is not always the best measurement of leadership

the style theory
The Style Theory

What leaders do (not who they are)

Task-oriented behavior

Relationship-oriented behavior

Universal theories of leadership:

Most effective 9,9—both task- and relationship-oriented

Most effective when leader changes the situation rather than adapting to it

the style theory1
The Style Theory

Began to blend with situational and contingency theories, which emphasize environmental variables over the leader’s behavior style

The two dimensions of behavior: consideration and structure were tested in military leadership environments

the style theory in military environments during training
The Style Theory in Military Environments During Training

Crew members’ satisfaction with their commanders during training was positively related to consideration and negatively related to structure

Supervisors viewed the commanders more positively if they were high on structure and low in consideration

the style theory in military environments during combat
The Style Theory in Military Environments During Combat

Crew members felt more effective when their commanders scored high in both consideration and structure

Supervisors of the commanders again were more positively oriented towards commanders high in structure

style theory in military environments stoghill 1974
Style Theory in Military Environments Stoghill, 1974

Military groups tend to be more cohesive when their leaders score high in both consideration and structure—however:

They remained skeptical that either measure was highly related to effectiveness of accomplishing organizational goals

style theory and police leadership kirmeyer lin 1987
Style Theory and Police Leadership Kirmeyer & Lin, 1987

Studied relationship between police dispatchers and their supervisors

Effective communication was best facilitated when the subordinated felt they received social support from their supervisors—therefore, they responded better to managers whose style was high on the relationship-oriented continuum

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