Peace Building Through Health. Zeev Wiener PHR-Israel. By 2020 The WHO and the World Bank predict that war will be one of the top 10 causes of disability and death. War and Public Health.
By 2020 The WHO and the World Bank predict that war will be one of the top 10 causes of disability and death.
Economic and social systems are disrupted, famine and epidemics may follow, and resources are diverted to military rather than health goals-all of which make war a public health problem.
MacQueen G, Santa-Barbara J. Peace building through health initiatives. BMJ 2000; 293-6
“The role of physicians and other health workers in the preservation and promotion of peace is the most significant factor for the attainment of health for all”.
WHO, World Health Assembly, Resolution 34.38, 1981
A concept based on the idea that shared health concerns can transcend political, economic, social and ethnic divisions, to promote dialogue, foster solidarity, and contribute to peace among peoples and between nations.
Guerra de Macedo 1994
Health Providers in Crisis
Medical diplomacy and health oriented superordinate goals.
Healthcare workers empowering peacemaking groups.
Strengthening the social fabric
Restore and enforce bonds uniting populations through health.
Using medical knowledge to express disagreement with policies.
Arguing for restricting and abolishing destructive
policies and weapons using healthcare discourse.
The more an individual feels helpless and loss of
Control, the more they are prone to develop anger,
anxiety, frustration and depression , expressed
in behavioral terms as violence.
Milgram NA. Psychological stress and adjustment in time of war and peace:
the Israeli experience as presented in tow conferences.
Isr Ann Psychiatr Relat Discip 1978; 16(4): 327-38.
Acts of killing during war encourage depreciation in the value of human life, legitimizing violence and lead violence to be seen as norm.
Archer D. and Gartner R. Violence and crime in cross-national perspective, New Haven: Yale University Press 1984.