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Biogeochemical Cycles. Water Cycle. Defined : Movement of water through the atmosphere 75% of the earth is water 99% of water undrinkable (salty & frozen) Water recycles over and over. How Does Water Go Up?. Water rises into the atmosphere in two ways:

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Water

Cycle

  • Defined: Movement of water through the atmosphere

  • 75% of the earth is water

  • 99% of water undrinkable (salty & frozen)

  • Water recycles over and over


How Does Water Go Up?

  • Water rises into the atmosphere in two ways:

    • Evaporation: Heat changes water from a liquid to a gas

    • Transpiration: Water evaporates from the leaves of plants through openings called stomata


How Does Water Come Down?

  • Warm, moist air rises and eventually cools

    • Condensation: process where water vapor turns into a liquid

  • Rain, snow, sleet, or hail falls when water drops become heavy (Precipitation)


Runoff: Water runs down hill into rivers, lakes, streams, oceans…

Infiltration: Water soaks into the soil and collects as groundwater

Process repeats

Water on the Ground


Animation challenge whose water cycle animation is better some guy on the internet or mr kobe s
Animation ChallengeWhose water cycle animation is better?Some guy on the Internet???OrMr. Kobe’s??


Water evaporates and rises

Animation #1

Water evaporates and rises


Condensation clouds forms

Animation #1

Condensation: Clouds forms


Precipitation water falls rain snow sleet or hail

Animation #1

Precipitation: Water falls(rain, snow, sleet, or hail)


Runoff water runs downhill

Animation #1

Runoff: Water runs downhill


Infiltration water soaks into the soil

Animation #1

Infiltration: Water soaks into the soil


Cycle repeats

Animation #1

Cycle Repeats!


The hydrologic cycle

Animation #2

The Hydrologic Cycle

transpiration

evaporation


The hydrologic cycle1

Animation #2

The Hydrologic Cycle

condensation


The hydrologic cycle2

Animation #2

The Hydrologic Cycle

precipitation


The hydrologic cycle3

Animation #2

The Hydrologic Cycle

RUNOFF

INFILTRATION


The hydrologic cycle4

Animation #2

The Hydrologic Cycle

transpiration

evaporation


Oxygen cycle
Oxygen Cycle

  • Autotrophs: Release O2 into atmosphere via photosynthesis

  • All life: Absorbs O2 to be used during cellular respiration

    • Respiration: creates ATP energy for cells

O2

O2


Carbon cycle
Carbon Cycle

CO2

  • Carbon = (organic molecules) carbohydrates, proteins, lipids, nucleic acids

  • Plants & autotrophs:

    • Intake: Absorb CO2 from atmosphere

      • Create glucose & sugar via photosynthesis

    • Output: Release CO2 during respiration

CO2


Carbon cycle1
Carbon Cycle

  • Consumers

    • Intake: Carbon moves up the food chain as 1 feeds on another

    • Output: Release CO2 during respiration

CO2

C

CO2

C


Carbon cycle2
Carbon Cycle

  • Decomposers

    • Input: Feed on dead organic matter

    • Output: Release CO2 during respiration

    • Output: Organic molecules returned to soil during decomposition

C

C

C


Carbon cycle3
Carbon Cycle

  • Human Industry

    • Output: Release CO2 into atmosphere when fossil fuels (coal, oil, natural gas) are burned

CO2


Nitrogen cycle
Nitrogen Cycle

N2

  • N = 78% atmosphere (most unusable)

  • Soil Bacteria

    • Nitrogen fixation: convert atmospheric nitrogen into ammonia

    • Nitrification: ammonia converted into nitrates

Ammonia

Nitrates


Nitrogen cycle1
Nitrogen Cycle

  • Plants

    • Absorb nitrates through their roots

Nitrates


Nitrogen cycle2
Nitrogen Cycle

  • Animals

    • Ingest nitrates through the food chain (plants eaten)

Nitrates


Nitrogen cycle3
Nitrogen Cycle

  • Decomposers

    • Return ammonia to soil by feeding on dead matter

Ammonia

Ammonia

Ammonia


Nitrogen cycle4
Nitrogen Cycle

  • Lightning

    • Energy breaks atmospheric nitrogen into Nitrogen oxide

    • Nitrogen oxide falls in rain to soil


Phosphorus p cycle
Phosphorus (P) Cycle

  • No phosphorus in atmosphere

  • Rocks

    • Phosphorus released by weathering of rocks

P

P


Phosphorus p cycle1
Phosphorus (P) Cycle

  • Plants

    • Absorb P into their roots

P


Phosphorus p cycle2
Phosphorus (P) Cycle

  • Animals

    • Ingest P when plants eaten

    • P continues to move up food chain

P


Phosphorus p cycle3
Phosphorus (P) Cycle

  • Decomposers

    • Breakdown dead matter and release P into soil

P

P


Phosphorus p cycle4

P

Phosphorus (P) Cycle

P

P

P

  • Human Contribution

    • Adding excess P from fertilizers

    • P washes into lakes, etc…

    • Excess P causes extreme algae growth

P

P


Kobe kuiz
Kobe Kuiz

  • Name and define the 6 stages of the water cycle.

  • How is oxygen released into the atmosphere?

  • In which cellular process is oxygen removed and used from the atmosphere?

  • Which organic molecule is created by photosynthesis?

  • In which cellular process is carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere?

  • How are humans disrupting the carbon cycle?

  • How does nitrogen fixation and nitrification differ?

  • How do plants obtain nitrogen?

  • Which objects release phosphorus over time?

  • How are humans disrupting the phosphorus cycle?


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