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Bill Harrison New Jersey Chapter February 3, 2009. Challenges. Energy – cost and availability Food – cost and availability Protecting the environment. ASHRAE. 52,000 members in 130 countries 170 chapters in 24 countries Associate Societies in 32 countries

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Presentation Transcript
challenges
Challenges
  • Energy – cost and availability
  • Food – cost and availability
  • Protecting the environment
ashrae
ASHRAE
  • 52,000 members in 130 countries
  • 170 chapters in 24 countries
  • Associate Societies in 32 countries
  • 2500 members active on committees
energy
Energy
  • Cost and availability
    • IEA: $100 / Barrel till 2015; $120 till 2030
  • End use in developed economies
    • Buildings – 40%
    • Transportation 28%
    • Industry 32%
  • Coal and oil primary energy sources
  • 45% Growth between 2006 and 2030
slide5
Food
  • Cost
    • Energy driven costs
    • Spoilage
  • Availability
    • Cost and spoilage
    • Foodstock diversion
  • Refrigeration – large energy consumer
environment
Environment
  • Buildings use 70% of electricity
  • Extensive emissions from generation
  • Water use for generation
  • 45% Emissions growth 2006 to 2030
ashrae strategic plan
ASHRAE Strategic Plan
  • Strategic Direction # 1

ASHRAE will lead the advancement of sustainable building design and operation

  • 2007-2008 Focus on design
  • 2008-2009 Focus on operation
energy waste a real problem a real opportunity
Energy Waste

A Real Problem… A Real Opportunity

sustainability for ashrae
Sustainability for ASHRAE

Energy Efficiency

And

Healthy and Productive Indoor Environments

improved operating strategies
Improved Operating Strategies
  • Energy Systems Lab - Texas A & M– Save 10% to 40% energy
  • WEF: 17% Internal rate of return for energy efficiency upgrades
  • Not product centered
  • Software and expert knowledge focused
  • Limited knowledge distribution
improved operating strategies11
Improved Operating Strategies
  • Lack of standardization
  • Minor changes use major energy
  • Wrong incentives for operators
  • No training programs
sustainability challenge
Sustainability Challenge
  • Six of top ten energy measures under control of architects
  • Integrated Building Design process essential
  • Communication - collaboration
  • “First Cost” mentality
  • Engineers: evil enablers
owner issues
Owner Issues
  • Life Cycle Costing
  • Equipment room sizing
  • Engineers need to deliver energy message
  • Energy cost implications
  • Building Commissioning
the path to a net zero building
The Path to a Net Zero Building

cash flow

Lease Costs (or Finance Costs)

utility bills

1

2

Total Annual Costs ($/year)

0

0%

100%

Source Energy Savings (%)

the path to a net zero building15
The Path to a Net Zero Building

cash flow

Lease Costs (or Finance Costs)

utility bills

1

Total Annual Costs ($/year)

3

2

0

0%

100%

Source Energy Savings (%)

the path to a net zero building16
The Path to a Net Zero Building

4

cash flow

Lease Costs (or Finance Costs)

utility bills

1

Total Annual Costs ($/year)

3

2

0

100%

0%

Source Energy Savings (%)

owner organizations
Owner Organizations
  • Building Owners and Managers Association
  • International Facility Management Association
  • APPA – The Association of Higher Education Facility Executives
operator training
Operator Training
  • Local chapter program
  • HVAC fundamentals
  • High performance products and systems
  • 1980’s training produces 1980 results
high performance building design
High Performance Building Design

Energy Modeling

Building Narrative

high performance building design21
High Performance Building Design

A larger budget for planning and design produces lower construction costs and lower operating costs

the cost of owning hvac
The Cost of Owning HVAC
  • Capital costs
  • Utility costs
  • Repair costs
  • Replacement costs
  • Maintenance costs
maintenance plans
Maintenance Plans
  • ASHRAE Guideline 4 – 2008
    • Preparation of Operating and Maintenance Documentation for Building Systems
  • CIBSE Guide M – 2008
    • Maintenance Engineering and Management
  • Must include energy budgets and energy reporting
energy conserving strategies
Energy Conserving Strategies
  • Envelope testing
    • Pressure tests
    • Infrared Scans
  • Return to design conditions
  • Scheduling review
the buildings business
The Buildings Business
  • Largest user primary energy
  • Improved building operations
    • 10% to 40% energy savings
  • Local educational programs by ASHRAE chapters
  • Keep our green buildings green
ashrae s role
ASHRAE’s Role
  • Net zero design guidance by 2015
  • Building Energy Labeling
  • Reduce energy in existing buildings
  • Affordable and maintainable refrigeration systems
  • Efficient refrigeration systems
ashrae chapter actions
ASHRAE Chapter Actions
  • Schedule a meeting with local owner organizations
    • Integrated Building Design
    • High performance design costs more
    • Keep your Green Buildings Green
  • Get comfortable with building energy benchmarks:“What’s your EUI?”
  • Walk the talk – how is your building being operated?
the cost of being green
The Cost of Being Green
  • Energy Efficiency - $170 Billion
  • Smart Grid - $8.6 Trillion
  • Energy Storage - $180 per Megawatt hour
  • Carbon Capture and Sequestration - $ ???
  • $450 - $600 Billion per year until 2030
  • Priced carbon emissions - $???

Estimates for global mitigation from “Green Investing” - 2009 WEF

global co2 emissions
Global CO2 Emissions
  • 2008: 30 Billion Metric Tons
  • 2030: 42 Billion Metric Tons
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