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ASSESSMENT TERMINOLOGY A-F . PRACTICE FOR THE KANSAS STATE ASSESSMENT. 1. ADAPT . Physical change in an organism in response to the environment Chemical change in an organism in response to the environment Genetic change in an organisms in response to the environment

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assessment terminology a f

ASSESSMENT TERMINOLOGYA-F

PRACTICE FOR THE

KANSAS STATE ASSESSMENT

1 adapt
1. ADAPT
  • Physical change in an organism in response to the environment
  • Chemical change in an organism in response to the environment
  • Genetic change in an organisms in response to the environment
  • Any change in an organism in response to the environment
2 allele
2. ALLELE

a. Alternate forms of a gene

b. Alternate forms of a molecule

  • Alternate forms of a community
  • Alternate forms of a population
3 antibiotic
3. ANTIBIOTIC
  • chemical agent originating from a living organism that inhibits or prevents the growth of bacteria
  • chemical agent originating from a living organism that inhibits or prevents the growth of viruses
  • chemical agent originating from a living organism that inhibits or prevents the growth of fungus
  • chemical agent originating from a living organism that inhibits or prevents the growth of bacteria, viruses, and fungi
4 atmospheric layer
4. ATMOSPHERIC LAYER
  • defined by density
  • defined by temperature variations
  • defined by both density and temperature variations
5 atp adenosine triphosphate
5. ATP (ADENOSINE TRIPHOSPHATE)

Which is a FALSE statement?

  • energy transfer molecule of organism
  • found within mitochondria
  • not all living things require this molecule.
6 biochemistry
6. BIOCHEMISTRY-
  • study of the composition and reactions of matter
  • study of the composition of and reactions within organisms
  • Study of the composition of and reactions with matter and organisms
7 biodiversity
7. BIODIVERSITY
  • the number
  • the variety
  • the variability of organisms
  • the number, variety, and variability of organisms
8 bioethics
8. BIOETHICS-

a. study of the social implications of biology

b. study of the social implication of biology starting with learning the science.

c. Study of the social and nonsocial implication of biology.

9 biological evolution
9. BIOLOGICAL EVOLUTION-
  • descent with modification of organisms from common ancestors
  • any type of change involving living or nonliving things
10 biology
10. BIOLOGY
  • the study of everything
  • the study of living things
  • the study of living and nonliving things
  • the study of nature
11 birth rate
11. BIRTH RATE

a. number of organisms born

b. number of organisms born during a given time

c. number of organisms born during a given time and in a defined area

12 body system
12. BODY SYSTEM

a. groups of cells

b. groups of tissues

c. groups of a organs performing a common function

d. an organism

13 carbohydrate
13. CARBOHYDRATE

a. an organic macromolecule composed of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen

b. forming sugars or more complex polysaccharides

c. both are correct

14 carbon cycle
14. CARBON CYCLE

a. moving carbon in the environment from living to non-living components of the ecosystem

b. cellular respiration vs photosynthesis

c. carbon dioxide to oxygen to carbon dioxide

d. all choices

16 catalyst
16. CATALYST
  • chemical that changes the rate of a chemical reaction without being altered nor used up
  • chemical that changes the rate of a chemical reaction using up the catalytic energy
17 cell membrane
17. CELL MEMBRANE

Which is INCORRECT?

Is a boundary of cells that act as a:

a. regulatory barrier

b. holds the cell together

  • responds to environmental changes
  • holds the DNA 
18 cellular respiration
18. CELLULAR RESPIRATION-

Which is INCORRECT?

  • chemical pathways that break down organic fuel for energy;
  • aerobic respiration uses oxygen
  • transportation system for proteins
19 chemosynthetic
19. CHEMOSYNTHETIC

A process that converts inorganic substances to organic substances and that uses

  • something other than sunlight as an energy source
  • radiant energy or sunlight
  • radiant energy or may use something other than sunlight
20 chloroplast
20. CHLOROPLAST

Which is INCORRECT?

  • an organelle found in plants that carries out photosynthesis
  • uses primarily the green portion of visible light
  • is where the energy for making carbohydrates is produced
21 chromosomes
21. CHROMOSOMES
  • threadlike, gene-carrying molecule composed of DNA and associated proteins
  • threadlike, gene- carrying molecule composed of RNA and associated proteins
  • threadlike, gene-carrying molecule composed of DNA and RNA and associated proteins
22 co dominant
22. CO-DOMINANT
  • One allele is dominant
  • One allele is recessive then becomes
  • both alleles of a gene

are expressed

23 commensalism
23. COMMENSALISM-

A relationship between two organisms in which

  • one is benefited and

the other is unaffected.

  • one benefits while the other is harmed.
  • neither benefits.
24 common ancestor
24. COMMON ANCESTOR
  • previous species from which two evolutionary branches emerge
  • previous species from which two or more evolutionary branches

emerge

25 communication
25. COMMUNICATION

25. Animal behavior involving transmission, reception, and response to signals. Knowing this, which is NOT a form of communication?

a. bird songs

b. bird feeding the young

c. bird displaying its colors to attract a match.

26 competition
26. COMPETITION

A. interaction when two or more organisms try to utilize the same limited resource

B. interaction when two or more organisms try to utilize different resources

27 condensation
27. CONDENSATION

Change in state of a substance from a

a. liquid to a gas

b. gas to a liquid

c. liquid to a solid

d. solid to a liquid

28 controlled experiment
28. CONTROLLED EXPERIMENT
  • scientific investigation where an experimental group (with treatment) is compared to a control group (without treatment).
  • The reverse
29 convection circulation
29. CONVECTION CIRCULATION

a. movement of particles/molecules due to differences in temperature

b. movement of particles/molecules due to density

c. both are required

30 deductive
30. DEDUCTIVE

a. a form of reasoning where general principles are used to predict specific outcomes

b. a form of reasoning where general conclusions are based on a series of specific observations

31 deoxyribonucleic acid dna
31. DEOXYRIBONUCLEIC ACID (DNA)

The genetic material of living organisms which provides:

a. a template for protein synthesis

  • contains the code that triggers characteristics
  • BOTH
32 descent with modification
32. DESCENT WITH MODIFICATION
  • Process by which traits arise in populations that are not usable nor viable for successive generations.

b. process by which traits arise in populations and are inherited by successive generations

33 differentiation changes in the
33. DIFFERENTIATION = changes in the

a. differences in cell shape

b. differences in cell physiology

c. differences in cell function

d. all are correct.

34 digestion
34. DIGESTION
  • mechanical decomposition of biological molecules
  • chemical decomposition of biological molecules
  • both are involved
35 disease
35. DISEASE

a. any condition that impairs normal function of a living organism

b. only those conditions that impair

normal functions of certain human systems

36 diversification
36. DIVERSIFICATION
  • An increase in the number, variety, and variability of organisms.
  • A decrease in the number, variety, and variability of organisms.
  • An increase or decrease in the number, variety, and variability of organisms.
37 dna replication
37. DNA REPLICATION

a. Process of making an identical copy of DNA, using an existing DNA strand as a template

b. In the sequence of events where DNA codes for proteins, using DNA as a template to form RNA.

c. Where DNA codes for proteins, and is the final step where the codon sequence in mRNA is used by ribosomes to assemble amino acids into a protein.

38 dominant
38. DOMINANT

a. A gene is not expressed in the presence of another gene.

b. A gene that is expressed in the presence of another gene.

39 ecology
39. ECOLOGY
  • Study of the interactions between organisms.
  • Study of the environment.
  • Study of the interactions between organisms and their environment.
40 ecosystem
40. ECOSYSTEM

a. Organisms in a given area’s abiotic factors with which they interact.

b. Organisms in a given area combined with other biotic factors with which they interact.

c. Organisms in a given area combined with the biotic and abiotic factors with which they interact.

41 electromagnetic spectrum
41. ELECTROMAGNETIC SPECTRUM

a. The complete range of wavelengths of solar radiation.

b. The complete range of wavelengths of solar radiation, however, consists mostly of visible light.

42 embryo
42. EMBRYO

Early stages of development in

  • animals
  • plants
  • either
43 emigration
43. EMIGRATION

a. movement of individuals out of an area

b. movement of individuals into an area

44 empirical observations
44. EMPIRICAL OBSERVATIONS

A. Evidence observable by the senses.

B. The scientific method.

c. Scientific investigative research.

45 enzyme
45. ENZYME

Which is NOT correct?

a. Proteins that acts as a catalyst in biochemical reactions.

b. Activation energy is lowered.

c. Usually slow down dangerous chemical reactions.

d. Speed up the rate of reactions.

46 eukaryotic cell
46. EUKARYOTIC CELL

a. Cell containing a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles

b. Cell NOT containing a nucleus and other membrane-bound organelles

47 evaporation
47. EVAPORATION

A. SOLID TO GAS

B. GAS TO SOLID

C. LIQUID TO GAS

D. GAS TO LIQUID 

48 excretion
48. EXCRETION

A. ELIMINATION OF WASTE PRODUCTS OR NON-USEFUL MATERIALS

B. DIGESTION OF EDIBLE and NONEDIBLE MATERIALS

C. LIQUID WASTE PRODUCTS

D. ALL CHOICES

50 falsifiable
50. FALSIFIABLE

A. ABLE TO BE SHOWN TO BE INCORRECT THROUGH A WELL RESEARCHED GROUP OF PROFESSIONALS

B. ABLE TO BE SHOWN TO BE INCORRECT BY OBSERVATION OR EXPERIMENTATION

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