Amritsar Massacre Date: April 13, 1919. 2. At Amritsar, what did General Dyer intend to do? What did he do?. General Dyer intended to have an impact on all of India. He killed 379 men, women and children. He wounded 1,100. He showed no mercy and gave no warning.
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General Dyer intended to have an impact on all of India.
He killed 379 men, women and children. He wounded 1,100. He showed no mercy and gave no warning.
"I think it quite possible that I could have dispersed the crowd without firing but they would have come back again and laughed, and I would have made, what I consider, a fool of myself.“
— Dyer's response
to the Hunter Commission Enquiry
He said he would have used a machine gun if he could.
The British said without the British administration (control) India would be a mess. The British say India would have problems with the Hindu people and Muslim people fighting each other for control of a new independent nation.
Remove untouchability (the lowest level on the caste system) from their hearts and lives.
He states they should defy the British.
Gandhi says get rid of British made goods and make their own. The crowd then burned their British made clothes.
Sedition – “Conduct or language inciting rebellion”
Going to jail will arouse the crowd (the masses) and will show the injustice of the British
Gandhi acted calmly. He asked for full punishment.
Yes, they wanted to intimidate the Indian movement – wanted them to lose heart or to become violent.
As a member of the press, Walker could spread news and have British citizens and the world to turn against British rule in India.
To calm the fears of the Muslims- both religions share mother India.
The fear or reality of Civil War
Tension, distrust, uncertainty of the future – misunderstanding of each other!
January 30, 1948
Three shots were fired at Gandhi by a man, Nathuram Godse, who pretended to seek Gandhi’s blessing. All three hit Gandhi and he died.