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Future. Challenges U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Two Bureaus, One Mission. What is the Future Challenges project? A USGS and FWS, future-oriented partnership in science-based conservation. Partnership emerged from October 2003 meeting of USGS Executive

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Challenges U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

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Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

Future

ChallengesU.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service

Two Bureaus, One Mission


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

  • What is the

  • Future Challenges

  • project?

  • A USGS and FWS,

  • future-oriented partnership in science-based conservation.


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

  • Partnership

  • emerged from

  • October 2003 meeting

  • of USGS Executive

  • Leadership Team and

  • FWS Directorate.

L to R, USGS Director Chip Groat

and former USFWS Director Steve Williams


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

  • Future Challenges

  • project goal:

  • To position USGS and FWS to

  • predict and respond to

  • significant challenges to

  • biodiversity and ecosystem

  • function over next 15-20 years.


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

  • Ground-

  • breaking

  • scientific

  • research

  • has historically provided basis for significant progress in addressing environmental challenges.

Rachel Carson J.N. ‘Ding’ Darling


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

Unsung Heroes

Far left column, endangered species researchers at Patuxent Research Refuge, 1950s-1960s; center, pioneering flyway field biologists Fred Lincoln and Elizabeth Losey, 1920s-1949; right column, Patuxent pesticide researchers R. Prouty, top, and Bill Reichel, 1950s-1960s.


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

  • It is our turn, and our responsibility, to build scientific foundation that will support conservation leaders who come after us.


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

  • Today, significant future impacts to biodiversity and ecosystem function are predicted from:

  • Climate change

  • Biotechnology

  • Invasive species

  • Water for ecological needs


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

Climate Change:

  • 2-4 degree C. increase

  • in earth’s temperature

  • predicted by end of

  • 21st Century.

    (Courtesy of Dr. Dennis Ojima, Scientist/Professor, Colorado State University)


Mean temperature change 1965 2002 over the globe

Mean temperature change 1965 - 2002 over the globe

  • Data source: http://www.cru.uea.ac.uk/cru/data/temperature/

  • Processed by the U.S. NCDC Global Climate at the Glance Mapping System


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

Global climate change of increasing interest in fish and wildlife conservation.


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

  • Biotechnology:

  • A potential conservation tool, but genetic engineering poses potential threats to ecological functioning that need to be assessed.

  • (Courtesy of Dr. Anne R. Kapuscinski, Professor/Institute Director,

  • University of Minnesota)


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

  • Can modern biotechnology support natural resource conservation?

  • To better understand and manage populations?

  • To modify or manipulate organisms?

  • To determine effects of modified organisms on existing populations?


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

First Transgenic Animal

on U.S. Market

The New York Times Nov 22, 2003

“Gene-Altering Revolution Nears the Pet Store: Glow-in-the-Dark Fish”

Nature 27 November 2003

GloFish casts light on murky policing of transgenic animals

Marketed without regulatory environmental review. FDA is lead authority.

www.glofish.com


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

  • Invasive Species:

  • Scientists emphasize growing threat of invasive species to ecosystem function and native species conservation.

  • (Courtesy of Dr. Jamie K. Reaser, President of Eco Systems Institute)

Globalization: Trade-Travel-Transport


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

Consequences of invasive species are environmental and economic.


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

  • Invasives are:

  • 2nd or 3rd most significant driver of environmental change globally.

  • 2nd greatest threat to threatened and endangered species in United States, costing estimated $100 billion annually.


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

  • Water For Ecological Needs:

  • Scientists predict significant implications for aquatic resource conservation from changes in use and allocation of water.

  • (Courtesy of Dr. Robert M. Hirsch, Associate Director for Water,

  • U.S. Geological Survey)


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

Total surface-water and ground-water withdrawals


Demand for ecosystem services is a major driver of changes in water allocations

Demand for ecosystem services is a major driver of changes in water allocations

Urban

Urban

Ecosystem

Thermal

Farming

Thermal

Farming


Future challenge elevating ecosystem requirements in water use planning

Future Challenge: Elevating ecosystem requirements in water-use planning

  • New paradigm

  • Whole hydrograph

  • Dynamic channel

  • And ground water

  • Biological community

Old paradigm

Minimum flow

Static channel

Surface water

Single species


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

Climate change

Invasive species

Biotechnology

Water for ecological needs

Given these identified future challenges to ecosystem function and sustainability, USGS and FWS must lay both a science and a management foundation for future generations of decision-makers and resource managers.


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

  • Game Plan

  • Work with employees to identify specific impacts of these four drivers of change on USGS and FWS science and conservation missions.


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

  • Game Plan

  • Build institutionalized scientific capacity within USGS and FWS to jointly address these challenges to sustainable ecosystem function.


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

  • Game Plan

  • Expand FWS and USGS partnership and collaboration with larger scientific community in addressing these challenges.


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

  • First Step —

  • Open the Dialogue

  • Future Challenges

  • Workshop held

  • August 10-12, 2004,

  • at National

  • Conservation Training Center.


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

  • Consistent themes,

  • crosscutting issues emerged from workshop.

  • Adaptive management

  • Effective mitigation

  • Long-term monitoring

  • Data management and synthesis

  • Leveraging resources

  • Addressing priorities


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

  • Next Step –

  • Broaden the Dialogue

  • Distribute “Challenge Summaries.”

    Engage employees and partners.


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

  • Next Step –

  • From Talk to Action

  • Begin to build

  • scientific

  • foundation

  • needed to address these four challenges now and in the future.


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

  • Next Step –

  • From Talk to Action

  • Engage USGS and FWS leadership at all levels in providing people and money to support priority research efforts.


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

  • Final Step –

  • A New Beginning

  • Create final plan to guide broad partnership in science-based conservation over next two decades.


Challenges u s geological survey and u s fish and wildlife service

Your Role

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  • Communicate

  • Implement


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