Household and family resources
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Household and family resources. Emily Grundy, LSHTM. Household and family resources. Background Major changes in the living arrangements of older people and large declines in intergenerational co-residence .

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Household and family resources

Household and family resources

Emily Grundy, LSHTM.


Household and family resources1

Household and family resources

  • Background

  • Major changes in the living arrangements of older people and large declines in intergenerational co-residence.

  • Implications for support services needed for older people with disabilities, demands for housing of various types and household durables and consumables.

  • Also implications for well-being of older people

  • The Madrid Plan of Action adopted at the Second World Assembly on Ageing in 2002 called for research on the advantages and disadvantages of different living arrangements for older people.


Household and family resources

Proportion (%) of elderly men and women living in households with two or more generations, England and Wales, 1971 and 2001(private household population).

Men

Women

Source: Analysis of ONS LS data.


Household and family resources2

Household and family resources

  • Questions

  • What factors influence household patterns of older people are how are these likely to change?

  • Do family and household resources (numbers of close relatives; living arrangements) influence social participation, health and well-being?

    Overall aim

  • To improve our understanding of the determinants household type and household transitions (and, in other work packages, use this in projections,) and improve our understanding of the implications of household, family and broader social support for well-being and receipt of help.


Household and family resources3

Household and family resources

  • Data and methods

  • 1) Analysis of demographic and other determinants of household type and household type transitions using the Office for national Statistics Longitudinal Study

  • 2) Analysis of links between family availability, family contacts and contacts with friends and overall social participation using data from the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing.

  • All analyses to examine socio-economic differentials and associations with indicators of health.


Household and family resources analyses based on ons ls

Household and family resources: Analyses based on ONS LS

  • 1) Cross sequential analyses of ONS LS to illuminate trends and variations in intergenerational co-residence and proportions moving to live with relatives or to institutional care

  • 2) More detailed analysis of household transitions 1991-2001 in ONS LS.


The ons longitudinal study of england wales

The ONS Longitudinal Study of England & Wales

  • Census data for individuals with one of four birthdates enumerated at the 1971 Census (c. 1% of population)

  • Maintained through addition of immigrants and new births with LS birth date

  • Information from later censuses (1981, 91 & 2001) added

  • Linked event data including death of the spouse of sample members and deaths of sample members.


Household and family resources

Proportion (%) of people aged 65 and over who changed family/household type between censuses; 1971-81; 1981-91; 1991-2001 by age and family/household type at start of decade

Source: Analysis of ONS LS data (earlier decades from Glaser & Grundy 1998)


Household and family resources

Proportion (%) of people aged 65 and over who remained at same address & in same family/household type at succeeding censuses; 1971-81; 1981-91; 1991-2001 by age and family/household type at start of decade

Source: Analysis of ONS LS data (earlier decades from Glaser & Grundy 1998)


Household and family resources

% of women aged 65+ in 1991 in a communal establishment by 2001 and odds of transition to a communal establishment by parity.

Odds ratios (95% CI)

%

changing from private household in 1991 to communal establishment by 2001

Source: Analysis of ONS Longitudinal Study data

controlling for age, marital status, household type in 1991, health indicators and housing tenure.


Household and family resources

Results of logistic regression model of proportions making a transition from a private to an institutional household 1991-2001

*P<0.05; **P<0.001

Source: Analysis of ONS Longitudinal Study data


Household and family resources english longitudinal study of ageing elsa

Household and family resources: English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA)

  • Two waves of data in 2002 and 2004 (third wave should be available within timescale of project)

  • Cross-sectional dataset of population aged 60+ in Wave One – 7146 people

  • Longitudinal dataset of population aged 60+ in Wave One and present at Wave Two – 5443 people


Household and family resources

ELSA

This model controlled for gender, age, smoking, wealth, housing tenure, contact with relatives, contact with friends, membership of social organisations and self-rated health status


Household and family resources

ELSA

This model controlled for gender, age, contact with relatives, contact with friends, membership of social organisations, health status at wave one, presence of depression at wave 1


Household and family resources timescale

Household and family resources: timescale

  • Most primary analysis 2007-8 (12 months of R.A. available)

  • Interactive input projection models throughout.

  • Suggestions appreciated.


Household and family resources

ELSA

This model controlled for gender, age, smoking, wealth, housing tenure, contact with relatives, contact with friends, membership of social organisations and self-rated health status


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