unit 13 reading1 Hallowe’en. A Time of Surprise and Joy. Pre-reading Questions. When is Hallowe ’ en? Who did people think would come back on earth on Hallowe ’ en? What were some of the old customs that some superstitious people kept?
A Time of Surprise and Joy
6.What do chidren do on Hallowe’en?
7.Name some special games played by children on Hallowe’en?
8. What happens to those people who have no sweets for children?
n.words used as a charm, supposed to have
magic power 符咒；咒语/ attraction ，fascination
exercised by a person 魔力；迷惑力
n.an unbroken period of time of usually unstated length 一段时间
a usually quickly-passing period of illness, fainting, etc; attack 一阵
v. (often past tense) to fill someone with delight; to use magic on
to continue something/to remain the same
to make (sth./sb.) more attractive, esp. With
clothing / (usu. of children) to wear someone
else’s clothes for fun and pretence
to make a hollow or hollows in/ to bend into a
The Slow Death of Solemn Sunday
England under King Edward VII (1841-1910), whose reign (1901-1910) followed thatQueen Victoria.
King Edward 1841-1910, King of Great Britain and Ireland from 1901. As Prince ofWales he was a prominent social figure, but his mother Queen Victoria considered him too frivolous to take part inpolitical life. In 1860 he made the first tour of Canada and the US ever undertaken by a British prince. He took aclose interest in politics and was on good terms with party leaders. He succeeded to me throne 1901 and wascrowned 1902. Although he overrated his political influence, he contributed to the Entente Cordiale 1904 withFrance and the Anglo-Russian agreement 1907.
VICTORIA (r. 1837-1901)Victoria was born at Kensington Palace, London, on 24 May 1819. She was the only daughter of Edward, Duke of Kent, fourth son of George III. Her father died shortly after her birth and she became heir to the throne because the three uncles who were ahead of her in succession - George IV, Frederick Duke of York, and William IV - had no legitimate children who survived. Warmhearted and lively, Victoria had a gift for drawing and painting; educated by a governess at home, she was a natural diarist and kept a regular journal throughout her life. On William IV's death in 1837, she became Queen at the age of 18.
Queen Victoria is associated with Britain's great age of industrial expansion, economic progress and - especially - empire. At her death, it was said, Britain had a worldwide empire on which the sun never set.
Religious Tract Society --
Tractarianism: another name for the Oxford Movement, 19th-century movementfor Catholic revival within the Church of England.
Note: “tract” in our article means “a short article, esp. one dealing with a religious or moral subject”. “Tracts for the Times” in 1833-41 published by Oxford Press.
John Reith of the BBC -- Sir John Reith was a powerful and influential figure in the world of Britishbroadcasting and politics between the two World Wars. He was a dour Calvinist who believed that publicbroadcasting was a grave responsibility for its officers, and that the consuming public needed strong guidancewith this new medium. Although a naturally aloof and often inventive man he came to be seen as anEstablishment figure. During the period of office he was however sufficiently strong and stubborn to repeldrooling politicians who, while fearing the power of radio (and subsequently television), wanted to use itsinfluence in their careers.
Because of his influence, the BBC entered World War in 1939 wholly independent of Government and,unlike the Press, wholly untainted by the spores of Prime Minister Chamberlain's policies of appeasing theNational Socialist Government in Germany. Reith was entertainingly naive about the world, as his immenselyreadable Diaries conclusively prove. He was a towering colossus who stumbled blindly into difficult situationsfrom which he always seemed to extricated himself with no damage to his reputation.
l A baptism is a solemn rite.
l The new president took the solemn oath of office.
l That solemn teacher never smiles.
l The inauguration was a solemn event.
l Every student ought to strictly observe the school discipline.
l The fashion festival has been observed in Dalian for over tenyears.
l She carefully observed every detail of their actions.
① (C, U) (among some peoples) sth. which religion or custom regards as forbidden, not to betouched, spoken of, etc.
② (C) general agreement not to discuss sth., do sth.
l A university consists of teachers, administrations and students.
l Our dinner consists of three courses only.
l Cake consists of flour, sugar, egg and some other ingredients. The prizes in the games consist of medals and diplomas.
l The United Kingdom consists of Great Britain and Northern Ireland.
l True freedom consists in the absence of laws.
l The beauty of Venice consists in the style of its ancient building.
l The true wealth does not consist in what we have, but in what we are.