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Alaska Native Language Archive. Gary Holton ANLC E-MELD Workshop August 2002. Alaska Native Language Center. Alaska Native Language Center. Established in 1972 by state legislation as a center for documentation and cultivation of the state's 20 Native languages

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Alaska native language archive

Alaska Native Language Archive

Gary HoltonANLC E-MELD WorkshopAugust 2002


Alaska native language center
Alaska Native Language Center

E-MELD August 2002


Alaska native language center1
Alaska Native Language Center

  • Established in 1972 by state legislation as a center for documentation and cultivation of the state's 20 Native languages

  • Staff includes language teachers, linguists, and language specialists

  • Archiving is central to both the documentation and pedagogical missions

E-MELD August 2002


Alaska native languages
Alaska Native Languages

  • Eskimo-Aleut (5)

  • Athabascan-Eyak-Tlingit (13)

  • Haida (1)

  • Tsimshian (1)

E-MELD August 2002


Endangerment status
Endangerment Status

  • Numbers of speakers

    • Central Yup'ik 10,000

    • Inupiaq 3100 (+71,500 in Canada and Kalaallisut)

    • Eyak 1

  • Age of youngest speaker

    • <2 (Siberian Yupik)

    • >80 (Holikachuk, Deg Xinag, Haida, Eyak ... )

E-MELD August 2002


Documentation status
Documentation Status

  • comprehensive published dictionaries for 4 of the 20 languages

  • grammars for 3 languages

  • dissertations on 5 other languages

E-MELD August 2002


Alaska native language archive1
Alaska Native Language Archive

  • Primary linguistic data archive for the 20 Alaska Native languages

  • Comprehensive -- nearly everything written in or about Alaska Native langs

  • Primary focus on unpublished manuscripts and field notes

  • Items include:

    • print (~10,000 items), audio (~4700 tapes), digital data (??)

E-MELD August 2002


Archive mission
Archive Mission

  • preservation

    • long-term storage and maintenance

    • digital archiving of print and audio materials

  • access

    • controlled but straighforward access by

      • community members

      • educators

      • linguists

E-MELD August 2002


Community driven
Community-driven

  • primary users of archive are members of Native language communities

  • communities also taking a lead in preservation and access projects

    • Eyak Language Digitization Project

    • Unangan Tape Archive

E-MELD August 2002


Types of linguistic data
Types of linguistic data

  • field notes

  • texts

  • manuscripts

  • pedagogical materials

  • lexica

    • comparative wordlists

    • etymological wordlists

    • placenames

E-MELD August 2002


Formats
Formats

  • Historically a non-digital (paper and tape) archive, but increasingly have to deal with digital formats

    • image files (pdf)

    • raw text files

    • word processor

    • database (FoxPro, Access)

    • audio (wav, aif)

E-MELD August 2002


Goals
Goals

  • map archive metadata and expose via OLAC-compliant data provider

    • done

  • digitize existing resources

    • in progress

  • create framework for archiving new digital data

    • go E-MELD!

E-MELD August 2002


Digital lexical data at anlc
Digital Lexical Data at ANLC

  • unstructured text files (Eyak, Inupiaq)

  • structured text files

    • Lexware (Koyukon)

    • Shoebox (Tanacross, Holikachuk)

    • other "standard format" (Alutiiq)

  • relational databases

    • Access (Athabaskan-Eyak-Tlingit Comparative Lexical Database)

E-MELD August 2002


Two examples
Two Examples

  • Koyukon Athabaskan Dictionary

  • Athabaskan-Eyak-Tlingit Comparative Lexical Database (AET-CLD)

E-MELD August 2002


Koyukon athabascan dictionary
Koyukon Athabascan Dictionary

  • Eliza Jones & Jules Jetté, ed. by James Kari

  • stored as structure text file, formatted using Bob Hsu's Lexware

  • project began ca. 1979 (1898)

    • printed dictionary published 2000

    • electronic version in progress ...

E-MELD August 2002


Athabascan morphology
Athabascan Morphology

  • almost exclusively prefixing

  • form of stem varies with TAM

  • stem best represented by abstract lemma or "root"

  • lexeme consists of root plus one or more (possibly discontinuous) prefixes

E-MELD August 2002


Root

Subentry

Example

Sub-subentry

.rt ts'eyh$1

pa ch$w'-

tag wind blows

..th (P+pp#)de+0+ts'eyh

ex hedeets'eyh

eng it is windy (blowing on the area)

...n bet'o deets'eye

...n mek'oodaats'eeye

..th P+pp#(#)de+\+ts'eyh

..th P+pp#(#)de+0+ts'eyh

..th P+e#k'e+de+\+ts'eyh

..th 0+ts'eyh

...an menedaa\ts'eeye

..n,i e\ts'eeyh, -e\ts'eeye'

...n E\ts'eeyh Zo'@

...n k'ets'e e\ts'eeye

...n e\ts'eeyh yeege'

...n e\ts'eeyh doyeege'

....n e\ts'eebaaye


Aet cld
AET-CLD

  • Jeff Leer, Giulia Oliverio, & Gary Holton

  • project begun ca. 1997

  • comparative data at level of:

    • lexeme

    • morpheme

    • phoneme

  • hierarchical

  • interactive, dynamic database

E-MELD August 2002


Aet cld structure
AET-CLD Structure

Cogset

Lex

Morph

Phone

E-MELD August 2002






Morph table 2
Morph table (2)

...to obtain a copy of the AET-CLD Access database,

please contact [email protected]


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