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Alaska Native Language Archive. Gary Holton ANLC E-MELD Workshop August 2002. Alaska Native Language Center. Alaska Native Language Center. Established in 1972 by state legislation as a center for documentation and cultivation of the state\'s 20 Native languages

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alaska native language archive

Alaska Native Language Archive

Gary HoltonANLC E-MELD WorkshopAugust 2002

alaska native language center1
Alaska Native Language Center
  • Established in 1972 by state legislation as a center for documentation and cultivation of the state\'s 20 Native languages
  • Staff includes language teachers, linguists, and language specialists
  • Archiving is central to both the documentation and pedagogical missions

E-MELD August 2002

alaska native languages
Alaska Native Languages
  • Eskimo-Aleut (5)
  • Athabascan-Eyak-Tlingit (13)
  • Haida (1)
  • Tsimshian (1)

E-MELD August 2002

endangerment status
Endangerment Status
  • Numbers of speakers
    • Central Yup\'ik 10,000
    • Inupiaq 3100 (+71,500 in Canada and Kalaallisut)
    • Eyak 1
  • Age of youngest speaker
    • <2 (Siberian Yupik)
    • >80 (Holikachuk, Deg Xinag, Haida, Eyak ... )

E-MELD August 2002

documentation status
Documentation Status
  • comprehensive published dictionaries for 4 of the 20 languages
  • grammars for 3 languages
  • dissertations on 5 other languages

E-MELD August 2002

alaska native language archive1
Alaska Native Language Archive
  • Primary linguistic data archive for the 20 Alaska Native languages
  • Comprehensive -- nearly everything written in or about Alaska Native langs
  • Primary focus on unpublished manuscripts and field notes
  • Items include:
    • print (~10,000 items), audio (~4700 tapes), digital data (??)

E-MELD August 2002

archive mission
Archive Mission
  • preservation
    • long-term storage and maintenance
    • digital archiving of print and audio materials
  • access
    • controlled but straighforward access by
      • community members
      • educators
      • linguists

E-MELD August 2002

community driven
Community-driven
  • primary users of archive are members of Native language communities
  • communities also taking a lead in preservation and access projects
    • Eyak Language Digitization Project
    • Unangan Tape Archive

E-MELD August 2002

types of linguistic data
Types of linguistic data
  • field notes
  • texts
  • manuscripts
  • pedagogical materials
  • lexica
    • comparative wordlists
    • etymological wordlists
    • placenames

E-MELD August 2002

formats
Formats
  • Historically a non-digital (paper and tape) archive, but increasingly have to deal with digital formats
    • image files (pdf)
    • raw text files
    • word processor
    • database (FoxPro, Access)
    • audio (wav, aif)

E-MELD August 2002

goals
Goals
  • map archive metadata and expose via OLAC-compliant data provider
    • done
  • digitize existing resources
    • in progress
  • create framework for archiving new digital data
    • go E-MELD!

E-MELD August 2002

digital lexical data at anlc
Digital Lexical Data at ANLC
  • unstructured text files (Eyak, Inupiaq)
  • structured text files
    • Lexware (Koyukon)
    • Shoebox (Tanacross, Holikachuk)
    • other "standard format" (Alutiiq)
  • relational databases
    • Access (Athabaskan-Eyak-Tlingit Comparative Lexical Database)

E-MELD August 2002

two examples
Two Examples
  • Koyukon Athabaskan Dictionary
  • Athabaskan-Eyak-Tlingit Comparative Lexical Database (AET-CLD)

E-MELD August 2002

koyukon athabascan dictionary
Koyukon Athabascan Dictionary
  • Eliza Jones & Jules Jetté, ed. by James Kari
  • stored as structure text file, formatted using Bob Hsu\'s Lexware
  • project began ca. 1979 (1898)
    • printed dictionary published 2000
    • electronic version in progress ...

E-MELD August 2002

athabascan morphology
Athabascan Morphology
  • almost exclusively prefixing
  • form of stem varies with TAM
  • stem best represented by abstract lemma or "root"
  • lexeme consists of root plus one or more (possibly discontinuous) prefixes

E-MELD August 2002

slide17

Root

Subentry

Example

Sub-subentry

.rt ts\'eyh$1

pa ch$w\'-

tag wind blows

..th (P+pp#)de+0+ts\'eyh

ex hedeets\'eyh

eng it is windy (blowing on the area)

...n bet\'o deets\'eye

...n mek\'oodaats\'eeye

..th P+pp#(#)de+\+ts\'eyh

..th P+pp#(#)de+0+ts\'eyh

..th P+e#k\'e+de+\+ts\'eyh

..th 0+ts\'eyh

...an menedaa\ts\'eeye

..n,i e\ts\'eeyh, -e\ts\'eeye\'

...n E\ts\'eeyh Zo\'@

...n k\'ets\'e e\ts\'eeye

...n e\ts\'eeyh yeege\'

...n e\ts\'eeyh doyeege\'

....n e\ts\'eebaaye

aet cld
AET-CLD
  • Jeff Leer, Giulia Oliverio, & Gary Holton
  • project begun ca. 1997
  • comparative data at level of:
    • lexeme
    • morpheme
    • phoneme
  • hierarchical
  • interactive, dynamic database

E-MELD August 2002

aet cld structure
AET-CLD Structure

Cogset

Lex

Morph

Phone

E-MELD August 2002

morph table 2
Morph table (2)

...to obtain a copy of the AET-CLD Access database,

please contact [email protected]

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