Chapter 18: Manifest Destiny and Its Legacy
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Chapter 18: Manifest Destiny and Its Legacy. Early Presidents: 1789-1849 George Washington (Fed) 1789-1797 John Adams (Fed) 1797-1801 Thomas Jefferson (D-R) 1801-1809 James Madison (D-R) 1809-1817 James Monroe (D-R) 1817-1825 John Q. Adams (D-R) 1825-1829 Andrew Jackson (D) 1829-1837

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Chapter 18: Manifest Destiny and Its Legacy

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Chapter 18: Manifest Destiny and Its Legacy


Early Presidents: 1789-1849

George Washington (Fed) 1789-1797

John Adams (Fed) 1797-1801

Thomas Jefferson (D-R) 1801-1809

James Madison (D-R) 1809-1817

James Monroe (D-R) 1817-1825

John Q. Adams (D-R) 1825-1829

Andrew Jackson (D) 1829-1837

Martin Van Buren (D) 1837-1841

William H. Harrison/ John Tyler (W) 1841-1845

James K. Polk 1845-1849 (D)


".... the right of our manifest destiny to over spread and to possess the whole of the continent which Providence has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty and federaltive development of self government entrusted to us. It is right such as that of the tree to the space of air and the earth suitable for the full expansion of its principle and destiny of growth."

- John L. O'Sullivan (1845)


John Winthrop, “City Upon A Hill”, 1630


  • William Henry Harrison (1841)

  • 1st Whig President

  • “Old Tippecanoe”

  • Shortest Term in US History


  • John Tyler, Whig (in name only)

  • Harrison’s VP, (1841-1845)

  • Vetoed Bank Plan

  • Vetoed Tariff

  • Cabinet resigned (except Webster)

  • Whigs attempt to impeach

  • Aroostook War settled with

  • Webster-Ashburton Treaty (1842)

  • Attempts to Annex Texas (finished under Polk)


  • Aroostook War, 1839

  • Van Buren admin

  • Preceded by Caroline Incident

  • Bloodless

  • Lumberjack War

  • Settled by

  • Webster-Ashburton Treaty

Aroostook War led


Forts of the Hudson’s Bay

Company, 1845


Fort Vancouver, 1813- Hudson’s Bay Company


Robert Gray, American discovers the Columbia River in 1792


Jason Lee, early missionary

Pioneer to Willamette Valley

Established in 1831

By 1845, 5000 Americans lived in

Oregon Territory


Early Catholic Priests

Fathers Blanchet (L), DeSmet (R), DeMers (C)


Waiilatpu Mission, founded by Marcus Whitman in 1836


Tiloukaikt and Tomahas, Cayuse chiefs


Whitman Massacre (artist depiction), 1847


State of Washington’s two Statues in the US Capitol:

Marcus Whitman and Mother Joseph


Loser

(again)


  • James K Polk, Democrat

  • 1845-1849 (one term)

  • Underestimated

  • Visionary of “Manifest Destiny”

  • Texas annexed

  • Oregon Border established (1846) “54-40 Or Fight”

  • Walker Tariff (reduced rates)

  • Independent Treasury Bill

  • Wilmot Proviso Introduced (not passed)

  • Mexican-American War (46-48)

  • Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo (Cali, Nev, Ariz, NM to USA)

  • California Gold Rush begins


Western Acquisitions During Polk’s Presidency


John Slidell,

US Minister to Mexico, 1845


  • Causes of the MexAm War

  • Unpaid Debts by Mexicans

  • Rejection of Slidell’s Offer

  • Attack of US Troops on the Border (see GW Bush WMD)


US House of Representatives, 1845


MexAm War Heroes:

Winfield Scott “Old Fuss and Feathers”/ Zachary Taylor “Old Rough ‘n Ready”


“Spotty” Lincoln

Whig Congressman from Illinois

Lost bid for re-election because of his opposition to the Mex-Am War


Henry David Thoreau

Walden

“Essay on Civil Disobedience”


Nicholas Trist

Negotiated the Treaty of

Guadaloupe Hidalgo

(1848)


Guadaloupe Hidalgo

1848

Gadsden Purchase, 1853


  • Effects of the MexAm War

  • 13,000 American lives lost (Blood for Land)

  • Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo increased US by 1/3

  • Manifest Destiny reinforced

  • Gave experience for Civil War soldiers

  • Tarnished Latin American Relations

  • Increased Slavery Tension

  • (ie- Wilmot Proviso)


Bear Flag was first raised in 1846 by John C. Fremont in Sonoma, CA

In 1847, Stephen Kearney’s US troops replace it Stars & Stripes


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