Chapter 18: Manifest Destiny and Its Legacy
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Chapter 18: Manifest Destiny and Its Legacy. Early Presidents: 1789-1849 George Washington (Fed) 1789-1797 John Adams (Fed) 1797-1801 Thomas Jefferson (D-R) 1801-1809 James Madison (D-R) 1809-1817 James Monroe (D-R) 1817-1825 John Q. Adams (D-R) 1825-1829 Andrew Jackson (D) 1829-1837

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Chapter 18: Manifest Destiny and Its Legacy

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Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

Chapter 18: Manifest Destiny and Its Legacy


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

Early Presidents: 1789-1849

George Washington (Fed) 1789-1797

John Adams (Fed) 1797-1801

Thomas Jefferson (D-R) 1801-1809

James Madison (D-R) 1809-1817

James Monroe (D-R) 1817-1825

John Q. Adams (D-R) 1825-1829

Andrew Jackson (D) 1829-1837

Martin Van Buren (D) 1837-1841

William H. Harrison/ John Tyler (W) 1841-1845

James K. Polk 1845-1849 (D)


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

".... the right of our manifest destiny to over spread and to possess the whole of the continent which Providence has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty and federaltive development of self government entrusted to us. It is right such as that of the tree to the space of air and the earth suitable for the full expansion of its principle and destiny of growth."

- John L. O'Sullivan (1845)


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

John Winthrop, “City Upon A Hill”, 1630


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

  • William Henry Harrison (1841)

  • 1st Whig President

  • “Old Tippecanoe”

  • Shortest Term in US History


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

  • John Tyler, Whig (in name only)

  • Harrison’s VP, (1841-1845)

  • Vetoed Bank Plan

  • Vetoed Tariff

  • Cabinet resigned (except Webster)

  • Whigs attempt to impeach

  • Aroostook War settled with

  • Webster-Ashburton Treaty (1842)

  • Attempts to Annex Texas (finished under Polk)


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

  • Aroostook War, 1839

  • Van Buren admin

  • Preceded by Caroline Incident

  • Bloodless

  • Lumberjack War

  • Settled by

  • Webster-Ashburton Treaty

Aroostook War led


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

Forts of the Hudson’s Bay

Company, 1845


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

Fort Vancouver, 1813- Hudson’s Bay Company


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

Robert Gray, American discovers the Columbia River in 1792


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

Jason Lee, early missionary

Pioneer to Willamette Valley

Established in 1831

By 1845, 5000 Americans lived in

Oregon Territory


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

Early Catholic Priests

Fathers Blanchet (L), DeSmet (R), DeMers (C)


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

Waiilatpu Mission, founded by Marcus Whitman in 1836


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

Tiloukaikt and Tomahas, Cayuse chiefs


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

Whitman Massacre (artist depiction), 1847


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

State of Washington’s two Statues in the US Capitol:

Marcus Whitman and Mother Joseph


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

Loser

(again)


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

  • James K Polk, Democrat

  • 1845-1849 (one term)

  • Underestimated

  • Visionary of “Manifest Destiny”

  • Texas annexed

  • Oregon Border established (1846) “54-40 Or Fight”

  • Walker Tariff (reduced rates)

  • Independent Treasury Bill

  • Wilmot Proviso Introduced (not passed)

  • Mexican-American War (46-48)

  • Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo (Cali, Nev, Ariz, NM to USA)

  • California Gold Rush begins


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

Western Acquisitions During Polk’s Presidency


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

John Slidell,

US Minister to Mexico, 1845


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

  • Causes of the MexAm War

  • Unpaid Debts by Mexicans

  • Rejection of Slidell’s Offer

  • Attack of US Troops on the Border (see GW Bush WMD)


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

US House of Representatives, 1845


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

MexAm War Heroes:

Winfield Scott “Old Fuss and Feathers”/ Zachary Taylor “Old Rough ‘n Ready”


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

“Spotty” Lincoln

Whig Congressman from Illinois

Lost bid for re-election because of his opposition to the Mex-Am War


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

Henry David Thoreau

Walden

“Essay on Civil Disobedience”


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

Nicholas Trist

Negotiated the Treaty of

Guadaloupe Hidalgo

(1848)


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

Guadaloupe Hidalgo

1848

Gadsden Purchase, 1853


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

  • Effects of the MexAm War

  • 13,000 American lives lost (Blood for Land)

  • Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo increased US by 1/3

  • Manifest Destiny reinforced

  • Gave experience for Civil War soldiers

  • Tarnished Latin American Relations

  • Increased Slavery Tension

  • (ie- Wilmot Proviso)


Chapter 18 manifest destiny and its legacy

Bear Flag was first raised in 1846 by John C. Fremont in Sonoma, CA

In 1847, Stephen Kearney’s US troops replace it Stars & Stripes


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