Reconstruction. Andrew Johnson . 13 th Amendment. Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime where of the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction .
Northerners who came South
and were elected to Congress
¼ of all Republican Congressmen
14 black Congressmen and 2 black Senators
were elected during Reconstruction