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Reconstruction. Andrew Johnson . 13 th Amendment. Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime where of the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction .

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13 th amendment
13th Amendment
  • Section 1. Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime where of the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
  • Section 2. Congress shall have the power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
13 th amendment1
13th Amendment
  • Abolishes slavery in all of the U.S.A.
  • December 18, 1865
civil rights act
Civil rights act
  • 1866 Republican congress passed Civil Rights Act.
  • Declared all persons born in the United States to be citizens regardless of race.
civil rights act1
Civil rights act

OVERIDE

  • 1866 Republican congress passed Civil Rights Act.
  • Declared all persons born in the United States to be citizens regardless of race.

VETO!!

overide
overide
  • 1st time congress overrides a presidential veto for a major law.
  • The Republican controlled Congress takes over Reconstruction
14 th amendment
14th Amendment
  • Section 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No state shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
14 th amendment1
14th Amendment
  • Anyone born in the United States is a U.S. citizen regardless of race.
14 th amendment2
14th Amendment
  • With the support of Andrew Johnson the Ex-Confederate states resisted Reconstruction
  • Ex-Confederate states refused to ratify the 14th amendment giving former slaves citizenship
reconstruction act of 1867
Reconstruction act of 1867
  • Passed because the Radical Republicans and the Moderate Republicans worked together.
  • Begins a period known as “Radical Reconstruction”
  • Video Clip: Radical Reconstruction
reconstruction act of 18671
Reconstruction act of 1867
  • Divides the South into 5 military districts, each run by an army commander.
reconstruction act of 18672
Reconstruction act of 1867
  • Divides the South into 5 military districts, each run by an army commander.
  • The prewar leaders lost the right to vote.
  • Southern states could enter the Union by:
    • Approving new state constitutions that gave all men the right to vote
    • Ratifying the 14th Amendment
in the south
In the south
  • Poor farmers take control of the government
  • Blacks are registered to vote by the Freedmen’s Bureau.
  • ¾ of elected officials are Republicans
carpetbaggers
Carpetbaggers

Northerners who came South

and were elected to Congress

¼ of all Republican Congressmen

were “Carpetbaggers”

reconstruction1
Reconstruction

14 black Congressmen and 2 black Senators

were elected during Reconstruction

15 th amendment
15th Amendment
  • Section 1. The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of race, color, or previous condition of servitude.
  • Section 2. The Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
15 th amendment1
15th Amendment
  • Guarantees voting rights to citizens regardless of race or previous servitude.
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