Alcohol consumption among youngsters in europe
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Alcohol consumption among youngsters in Europe. Marie Choquet Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale Laure Com-Ruelle Institut de Recherche et Documentation en Économie de la Santé Nicole Leymarie Institut de Recherches Scientifiques sur les Boissons. Dublin, 14 October 2004.

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Alcohol consumption among youngsters in Europe

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Alcohol consumptionamong youngsters in Europe

Marie ChoquetInstitut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale

Laure Com-RuelleInstitut de Recherche et Documentation en Économie de la Santé

Nicole LeymarieInstitut de Recherches Scientifiques sur les Boissons

Dublin, 14 October 2004


Plan

  • The official data on alcohol consumption in Europe

  • ESPAD 1999 : 16 years olds

  • France and the Ireb data (2001)

  • Conclusion


Evolution of total alcohol consumption in Europe

Liters of pure alcohol / year / age 15 +

Source : WDT 2004


Evolution of total alcohol consumption in Europe

Liters of pure alcohol / year / age 15 +

Source : WDT 2004


ESPAD Europe 1999

  • Pupils born en 1983

  • 30 countries (min N= 2000 by country)

  • Responsability : Hibell & Andersson (CAN Sweden)

  • Most (>80%) of youngsters have lifetime experience with alcohol

  • Gender gap more important in the South of Europe

Source : Espad 1999, exploitation Inserm


Alcohol consumption in Europe

  • Drinking pattern: During the last 30 days,

    • wine (yes/no)

    • beer (yes/no

    • hard liquor (yes/no)

    • has been drunk (yes/no)

    • « binge drinking » (yes/no)

  • Places of drinking (on the last occasion)

    • at home

    • at someone else ’s home

    • street, park, beach

    • bar, pub

    • disco

Source : Espad 1999, exploitation OFDT


Drinking patterns of 15-16 years old in Europe

Source : Espad 1999, exploitation OFDT


Drinking patterns of 15-16 years old in Europe

Specificities

The Baltic and Slavic States

Source : Espad 1999, exploitation OFDT


Drinking patterns of 15-16 years old in Europe

Specificities

The Scandinavian countries

Source : Espad 1999, exploitation OFDT


Drinking patterns of 15-16 years old in Europe

Specificities

The British Islands

Source : Espad 1999, exploitation OFDT


Drinking patterns of 15-16 years old in Europe

Specificities

Central Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean Countries

Source : Espad 1999, exploitation OFDT


Drinking patterns of 15-16 years old in Europe

Specificities

The Balkans and the Western Mediterannean Countries

Source : Espad 1999, exploitation OFDT


Tobacco consumption

Source: ESPAD 99 Europe sous la responsabilité de Hibell & Adersson


Cannabis consumption

Source: ESPAD 99 Europe sous la responsabilité de Hibell & Adersson


Alcohol consumption

%

Source: ESPAD 99 Europe sous la responsabilité de Hibell & Adersson


Alcohol consumption 10 + per month by gender

%

16 years old

in 1999

Source: ESPAD 99 Europe sous la responsabilité de Hibell & Adersson


Drunkenness

%

16 years old

in 1999

Source: ESPAD 99 Europe sous la responsabilité de Hibell & Adersson


Repeated drunkeness (3+/month) by gender

%

16 years old

in 1999

Source: ESPAD 99 Europe sous la responsabilité de Hibell & Adersson


Problems caused by alcohol

%

Source: ESPAD 99 Europe sous la responsabilité de Hibell & Andersson


France and the IREB data (national sample of 1028 from 13 to 20 years old)

  • What are the French specifities ?

    By age and gender

  • Evolution since 1996 ?


Frequency of consumption

  • Non-consumers: 22%(< 1 once a year)

    • 13% have never consumed alcohol

  • Very occasional: 23%( once a year to < once a month)

  • Occasional: 34% ( once a month to < 10 times a month)

  • Frequent: 21% ( 10 times a month)


Average volumes consumed

In number of alcoholic drinks per month (dpm)

Including consumers and non-consumers


Trends: 1996-2001

  • If the very occasional consumers are excluded

  •  drop in occasional and frequent consumers

  • 1996: 67%

  • 2001: 55%

  •  slight drop in the quantity consumed per person

  • 1996: 23 drinks per month

  • 2001: 19 drinks per month

  •  Identical quantity per consumer: 33 drinks per month

  • Drop in drunkenness

  • 1996: 22% during the last month 2001 : 12%


Factors associated with frequent consumption of alcoholBoys(frequent consumption 30 % / occasional 51 % )

Does not live at parents’home: X 4

Many drinkers in the environment: X 3

Social events twice a week or more: X 3

Goes to bars once a week or more: x 2

Nobody frequently drunk in the environment : / 2

Goes to bars once a week or less: / 2

Lives in a city: / 3

Social events once a month or less: /3

Aged 13 to 16 : / 10

Source : IREB 2001


Nobody frequently drunk in the environment : / 2

Talks about personal problems in family: / 3

Separated or divorced parents: / 3

Aged 13 to 16 : / 5

Social events once a month or less: /10

Factors associated with frequent consumption of alcoholGirls (frequent consumption 12 % / occasional 63 % )

Social events twice a week or more: X 5

Suicide ideas: X 4

Communication difficulties in the family : X 4

Does not enjoy school : X 3

Many drinkers in the environment: X 3

Goes to bars once a week or more: X 2

Source : IREB 2001


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