Alcohol consumption among youngsters in europe
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Alcohol consumption among youngsters in Europe. Marie Choquet Institut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale Laure Com-Ruelle Institut de Recherche et Documentation en Économie de la Santé Nicole Leymarie Institut de Recherches Scientifiques sur les Boissons. Dublin, 14 October 2004.

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Alcohol consumption among youngsters in europe
Alcohol consumptionamong youngsters in Europe

Marie ChoquetInstitut National de la Santé et de la Recherche Médicale

Laure Com-RuelleInstitut de Recherche et Documentation en Économie de la Santé

Nicole LeymarieInstitut de Recherches Scientifiques sur les Boissons

Dublin, 14 October 2004


Plan

  • The official data on alcohol consumption in Europe

  • ESPAD 1999 : 16 years olds

  • France and the Ireb data (2001)

  • Conclusion


Evolution of total alcohol consumption in Europe

Liters of pure alcohol / year / age 15 +

Source : WDT 2004


Evolution of total alcohol consumption in Europe

Liters of pure alcohol / year / age 15 +

Source : WDT 2004


Espad europe 1999
ESPAD Europe 1999

  • Pupils born en 1983

  • 30 countries (min N= 2000 by country)

  • Responsability : Hibell & Andersson (CAN Sweden)

  • Most (>80%) of youngsters have lifetime experience with alcohol

  • Gender gap more important in the South of Europe

Source : Espad 1999, exploitation Inserm


Alcohol consumption in europe
Alcohol consumption in Europe

  • Drinking pattern: During the last 30 days,

    • wine (yes/no)

    • beer (yes/no

    • hard liquor (yes/no)

    • has been drunk (yes/no)

    • « binge drinking » (yes/no)

  • Places of drinking (on the last occasion)

    • at home

    • at someone else ’s home

    • street, park, beach

    • bar, pub

    • disco

Source : Espad 1999, exploitation OFDT


Drinking patterns of 15 16 years old in europe
Drinking patterns of 15-16 years old in Europe

Source : Espad 1999, exploitation OFDT


Drinking patterns of 15 16 years old in europe1
Drinking patterns of 15-16 years old in Europe

Specificities

The Baltic and Slavic States

Source : Espad 1999, exploitation OFDT


Drinking patterns of 15 16 years old in europe2
Drinking patterns of 15-16 years old in Europe

Specificities

The Scandinavian countries

Source : Espad 1999, exploitation OFDT


Drinking patterns of 15 16 years old in europe3
Drinking patterns of 15-16 years old in Europe

Specificities

The British Islands

Source : Espad 1999, exploitation OFDT


Drinking patterns of 15 16 years old in europe4
Drinking patterns of 15-16 years old in Europe

Specificities

Central Europe and the Eastern Mediterranean Countries

Source : Espad 1999, exploitation OFDT


Drinking patterns of 15 16 years old in europe5
Drinking patterns of 15-16 years old in Europe

Specificities

The Balkans and the Western Mediterannean Countries

Source : Espad 1999, exploitation OFDT


Tobacco consumption
Tobacco consumption

Source: ESPAD 99 Europe sous la responsabilité de Hibell & Adersson


Cannabis consumption
Cannabis consumption

Source: ESPAD 99 Europe sous la responsabilité de Hibell & Adersson


Alcohol consumption
Alcohol consumption

%

Source: ESPAD 99 Europe sous la responsabilité de Hibell & Adersson


Alcohol consumption 10 per month by gender
Alcohol consumption 10 + per month by gender

%

16 years old

in 1999

Source: ESPAD 99 Europe sous la responsabilité de Hibell & Adersson


Drunkenness
Drunkenness

%

16 years old

in 1999

Source: ESPAD 99 Europe sous la responsabilité de Hibell & Adersson


Repeated drunkeness 3 month by gender
Repeated drunkeness (3+/month) by gender

%

16 years old

in 1999

Source: ESPAD 99 Europe sous la responsabilité de Hibell & Adersson


Problems caused by alcohol
Problems caused by alcohol

%

Source: ESPAD 99 Europe sous la responsabilité de Hibell & Andersson


France and the ireb data national sample of 1028 from 13 to 20 years old
France and the IREB data (national sample of 1028 from 13 to 20 years old)

  • What are the French specifities ?

    By age and gender

  • Evolution since 1996 ?


Frequency of consumption
Frequency of consumption

  • Non-consumers: 22%(< 1 once a year)

    • 13% have never consumed alcohol

  • Very occasional: 23%( once a year to < once a month)

  • Occasional: 34% ( once a month to < 10 times a month)

  • Frequent: 21% ( 10 times a month)


Average volumes consumed
Average volumes consumed

In number of alcoholic drinks per month (dpm)

Including consumers and non-consumers


Trends 1996 2001
Trends: 1996-2001

  • If the very occasional consumers are excluded

  •  drop in occasional and frequent consumers

  • 1996: 67%

  • 2001: 55%

  •  slight drop in the quantity consumed per person

  • 1996: 23 drinks per month

  • 2001: 19 drinks per month

  •  Identical quantity per consumer: 33 drinks per month

  • Drop in drunkenness

  • 1996: 22% during the last month 2001 : 12%


Factors associated with frequent consumption of alcohol boys frequent consumption 30 occasional 51
Factors associated with frequent consumption of alcoholBoys(frequent consumption 30 % / occasional 51 % )

Does not live at parents’home: X 4

Many drinkers in the environment: X 3

Social events twice a week or more: X 3

Goes to bars once a week or more: x 2

Nobody frequently drunk in the environment : / 2

Goes to bars once a week or less: / 2

Lives in a city: / 3

Social events once a month or less: /3

Aged 13 to 16 : / 10

Source : IREB 2001


Factors associated with frequent consumption of alcohol girls frequent consumption 12 occasional 63

Nobody frequently drunk in the environment : / 2

Talks about personal problems in family: / 3

Separated or divorced parents: / 3

Aged 13 to 16 : / 5

Social events once a month or less: /10

Factors associated with frequent consumption of alcoholGirls (frequent consumption 12 % / occasional 63 % )

Social events twice a week or more: X 5

Suicide ideas: X 4

Communication difficulties in the family : X 4

Does not enjoy school : X 3

Many drinkers in the environment: X 3

Goes to bars once a week or more: X 2

Source : IREB 2001


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