Hazing Mythology & Prevention. Joe Gervais, M.Ed. University of Vermont. National Study of Student Hazing 2008. 47 % of students come to college having experienced hazing. 55 % of college students involved in clubs, teams, and organizations experience hazing.
Hazing Mythology & Prevention
Joe Gervais, M.Ed.
University of Vermont
Myth is also…an unfounded or false notion.
Beliefs and assumptions about hazing, that it will bring a group together and promote improved functioning, are not well founded or true. Just the opposite…
HAZING DIVIDES GROUPS,
Hazing means any act committed by a person, whether individually or in concert with others, against a student in connection with pledging, being initiated into, affiliating with, holding office in, or maintaining membership in any organization …; and that is intended, or should reasonably be expected, to have the effect of humiliating, intimidating, or demeaning the student or endangering the mental or physical health of a student.
Any activity expected of someone joining or participating in a group that humiliates, degrades, abuses, or endangers them regardless of a person’s willingness to participate.
Gradual disengagement of moral self-sanction. Behavior normally viewed as immoral, even reprehensible, becomes more benign, acceptable, or worthy in a particular social setting.
Example: military training.
“We’re just carrying on tradition!”
We’re good at hiding pain, emotional or otherwise. “It wasn’t that bad.”
Masks, costumes, etc.
Dehumanizing language (rook, grunt)
Perceptions of rookies as “less-than”
Blame the victim! “If only he kept his mouth shut.”
Humiliates & degrades
Tears down individuals
Shame & secrecy
Is a power trip
Promotes respect & dignity
Supports & empowers
Pride & integrity
Is a shared positive experience
Alfred Study on Intercollegiate Athletics (1999)
Alfred Study on High School Groups (2000)
Allan, E.J. (2002). Hazing and the making of men.http://www.stophazing.org/makingofmen.htm
Bandura, A. (2002). Selective moral disengagement in the exercise of moral agency. Journal of Moral Education, 31, 2.
Janssen, J. (2003). The team captain’s leadership manual.
Milburn, M. (2002). “The Psychological Underpinnings of Hazing.” Presented at “Hazing in Schools and Youth Groups” conference, Chelsea, MA. June 15, 2002.