A european colony in pennsylvania
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A European Colony in Pennsylvania. Chapter 5. Lesson 1 - A New Colony Begins. William Penn created the colony of Pennsylvania for religious freedom and economic opportunities. William Penn belonged to the Religious Society of Friends, or Quakers.

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A European Colony in Pennsylvania

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A european colony in pennsylvania

A European Colony in Pennsylvania

Chapter 5


Lesson 1 a new colony begins

Lesson 1 - A New Colony Begins

William Penn created the colony of Pennsylvania for religious freedom and economic opportunities.

William Penn belonged to the Religious Society of Friends, or Quakers.

Quakers believed that all people should be treated equal.


Lesson 1 a new colony begins1

Lesson 1 - A New Colony Begins

Penn was given the land of Pennsylvania because of a debt King Charles II owed to Penn’s father

This agreement was known as the Charter of 1681; the charter also allowed Penn to write the laws for the colony

Two laws Penn wrote were the First Frame of Government and the Great Law


Lesson 1 a new colony begins2

Lesson 1 - A New Colony Begins

The First Frame of Government established complete religious freedom in Pennsylvania

The Great Law allowed people (men) to have a voice in their government


A european colony in pennsylvania

Pennsylvania means Penn’s woods

Philadelphia means “City of Brotherly Love”


Penn s woods

Penn’s Woods

William Markham, Penn’s cousin, led the first group of colonists to Pennsylvania

Penn divided the colony into 3 counties; Bucks, Chester, and Philadelphia


Lesson 1 a welcoming place

Lesson 1 - A Welcoming Place

Penn called his colony a “Holy Experiment” because it was a place people could worship in peace

Many Europeans came to the colony to find religious freedom and business opportunities

Francis Daniel Pastoriusled Germans to settle in an area of Philadelphia which is now known as Germantown


Penn s treaty

Penn’s Treaty

Penn treated the Native Americans with respect

The Treaty of Shackamaxonwas set up to transfer land from Native Americans to new European settlers


Charter of privileges

Charter of Privileges

Pennsylvania’s earliest form of government had a two-part legislature - The Council and the General Assembly

The Council proposed laws

The General Assembly voted on them


Lesson 2 new pennsylvanians

Lesson 2 – New Pennsylvanians

Some people came to Pennsylvania as indentured servants

Indentured Servants agreed to work for a certain number of years (5-7) in return for having their passage to North America paid; afterwards they were set free

Some people were kidnapped from their homes in Africa and forced to come to Pennsylvania to work for no pay or freedom; these people were slaves


Lesson 2 abolition

Lesson 2 - Abolition

Abolition

German Town Protest

Many Pennsylvanians called for the abolition, or end, of slavery

Francis Daniel Pastoriuswrote the Germantown Protest, the first antislavery document in the colonies

Quakers worked to abolish slavery because it went against their religious belief that all people are equal


Lesson 3 growing pains in the colony

Lesson 3 – Growing Pains in the Colony

Some colonists obeyed the treaties set by William Penn; however, squatters took the land without paying for it

Colonial settlements began to take over the land owned by Native Americans

This forced the Native Americans to lose fishing and hunting areas, their freedom, and way of life


Lesson 3 the walking purchase

Lesson 3 – The Walking Purchase

After William Penn became ill in 1712, his wife, Hannah Callowhill Penn became governor of Pennsylvania until her death in 1726

After the death of their parents, Penn’s sons governed the colony

Penn’s sons wanted to take control of more land, but they did not share their father’s interest in being fair to the Native Americans

The sons used a forged, or false, deed to steal land from theLenape


Lesson 3 the walking purchase1

Lesson 3 – The Walking Purchase

The sons tricked the Lenape out of land by running with three men, instead of walking with one; a Native American custom for gaining land, this was known as the Walking Purchase

The trick angered the Lenapeand ended 50 years of peace between the Pennsylvanians and Native Americans


Lesson 4 the colony grows

Lesson 4 – The Colony Grows

The promise of religious freedom and economic opportunities encouraged may cultures to continue coming to Pennsylvania

Germans living near the Conestoga Creek made wagons that could float across rivers. These wagons were called Conestoga Wagons

By the late 1740’s German Religious groups such as the Amish and Mennonites started farms in the Lehigh and Susquehanna Valleys and Lancaster County

The German colonists were known as the Pennsylvania Dutch


Conestoga wagon

Colonists used Conestoga Wagons to transport goods for trade with Native Americans.

Conestoga Wagon


Lesson 4 pennsylvania dutch

Lesson 4 – Pennsylvania Dutch

Many Pennsylvania Dutch were crafts people who became known for their hand made quilts, paper cuttings, and colorful designs found in pictures and barns

The Pennsylvania Dutch used pretzels in their culture to reward children’s good behavior


Pennsylvania dutch

Pennsylvania Dutch

Colorful Designs & Paper Cutting

Quilts

Pretzels


Lesson 4 a planned city

Lesson 4 - A Planned City

Philadelphia was a carefully designed city located near two rivers, ideal for merchants

Philadelphia became a leading city for education; it was the first city to have a library, magazine, and law school


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