A European Colony in Pennsylvania. Chapter 5. Lesson 1 - A New Colony Begins. William Penn created the colony of Pennsylvania for religious freedom and economic opportunities. William Penn belonged to the Religious Society of Friends, or Quakers.
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A European Colony in Pennsylvania
William Penn created the colony of Pennsylvania for religious freedom and economic opportunities.
William Penn belonged to the Religious Society of Friends, or Quakers.
Quakers believed that all people should be treated equal.
Penn was given the land of Pennsylvania because of a debt King Charles II owed to Penn’s father
This agreement was known as the Charter of 1681; the charter also allowed Penn to write the laws for the colony
Two laws Penn wrote were the First Frame of Government and the Great Law
The First Frame of Government established complete religious freedom in Pennsylvania
The Great Law allowed people (men) to have a voice in their government
Pennsylvania means Penn’s woods
Philadelphia means “City of Brotherly Love”
William Markham, Penn’s cousin, led the first group of colonists to Pennsylvania
Penn divided the colony into 3 counties; Bucks, Chester, and Philadelphia
Penn called his colony a “Holy Experiment” because it was a place people could worship in peace
Many Europeans came to the colony to find religious freedom and business opportunities
Francis Daniel Pastoriusled Germans to settle in an area of Philadelphia which is now known as Germantown
Penn treated the Native Americans with respect
The Treaty of Shackamaxonwas set up to transfer land from Native Americans to new European settlers
Pennsylvania’s earliest form of government had a two-part legislature - The Council and the General Assembly
The Council proposed laws
The General Assembly voted on them
Some people came to Pennsylvania as indentured servants
Indentured Servants agreed to work for a certain number of years (5-7) in return for having their passage to North America paid; afterwards they were set free
Some people were kidnapped from their homes in Africa and forced to come to Pennsylvania to work for no pay or freedom; these people were slaves
German Town Protest
Many Pennsylvanians called for the abolition, or end, of slavery
Francis Daniel Pastoriuswrote the Germantown Protest, the first antislavery document in the colonies
Quakers worked to abolish slavery because it went against their religious belief that all people are equal
Some colonists obeyed the treaties set by William Penn; however, squatters took the land without paying for it
Colonial settlements began to take over the land owned by Native Americans
This forced the Native Americans to lose fishing and hunting areas, their freedom, and way of life
After William Penn became ill in 1712, his wife, Hannah Callowhill Penn became governor of Pennsylvania until her death in 1726
After the death of their parents, Penn’s sons governed the colony
Penn’s sons wanted to take control of more land, but they did not share their father’s interest in being fair to the Native Americans
The sons used a forged, or false, deed to steal land from theLenape
The sons tricked the Lenape out of land by running with three men, instead of walking with one; a Native American custom for gaining land, this was known as the Walking Purchase
The trick angered the Lenapeand ended 50 years of peace between the Pennsylvanians and Native Americans
The promise of religious freedom and economic opportunities encouraged may cultures to continue coming to Pennsylvania
Germans living near the Conestoga Creek made wagons that could float across rivers. These wagons were called Conestoga Wagons
By the late 1740’s German Religious groups such as the Amish and Mennonites started farms in the Lehigh and Susquehanna Valleys and Lancaster County
The German colonists were known as the Pennsylvania Dutch
Colonists used Conestoga Wagons to transport goods for trade with Native Americans.
Many Pennsylvania Dutch were crafts people who became known for their hand made quilts, paper cuttings, and colorful designs found in pictures and barns
The Pennsylvania Dutch used pretzels in their culture to reward children’s good behavior
Colorful Designs & Paper Cutting
Philadelphia was a carefully designed city located near two rivers, ideal for merchants
Philadelphia became a leading city for education; it was the first city to have a library, magazine, and law school