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FORMS OF GOVERNMENT. Absolute Monarchy, Constitutional Monarchy, Parliamentary Democracy, Theocracy, Presidential Democracy, Dictatorship. Absolute Monarchy. One clear leader, chosen because they are a son or daughter of the king

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Forms of government

FORMS OF GOVERNMENT

Absolute Monarchy, Constitutional Monarchy, Parliamentary Democracy, Theocracy, Presidential Democracy, Dictatorship


Absolute monarchy
Absolute Monarchy

  • One clear leader, chosen because they are a son or daughter of the king

  • People believe this leader is in charge because they were chosen by God

  • Same person makes and enforces all laws

  • There is a King, Queen or Czar

  • King Louis XIV of France was an absolute monarch

  • Saudi Arabia is an example, although the king must comply with Islamic law and the Quran.



Authoritarianism
Authoritarianism

  • One person or group is in charge, often takes over by force

  • People listen to him or her because they are afraid

  • Unlimited authority

  • Individual rights are subordinate to that power.

  • Hitler, Mussolini, Sadam Hussein were examples



Oligarchy
Oligarchy

  • government by the few, exercised by a small and privileged group for corrupt or selfish purpose

  • Often theocracies, where a religious group runs the country.

  • Ancient Sparta was an example.

  • Well known example was the Soviet Union

  • Today the Queen has no power.



Democracy
Democracy

  • People choose a legislature and the leader through free elections.

  • Direct Democracy would be if we voted on ALL of the laws. (we don’t) ex Ancient Athens

  • Republic is when we have representatives to vote on laws (we have this, also known as indirect) Republic is NOT the same as a democracy. Ex Ancient Rome



Anarchy
Anarchy

  • Absence of government!

  • Government is unnecessary.

  • Government breaks down.

  • Example: French Revolution, the people ran everything until Napoleon took charge.



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