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PROBLEMATIC OF ENERGY IN HAITI. Problematic of energy in Haiti - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004. 1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI. 1.1 Firewood. 1.2 Electricity. 1.3 Oil products. 1.4 Bagasse. 1.5 Solar energy. 1.6 Wind energy. 1.7 other sources.

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Problematic of energy in haiti
PROBLEMATIC OF ENERGY IN HAITI

Problematic of energy in Haiti - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004


1 sources of energy used in haiti
1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI

  • 1.1 Firewood

  • 1.2 Electricity

  • 1.3 Oil products

  • 1.4 Bagasse

  • 1.5 Solar energy

  • 1.6 Wind energy

  • 1.7 other sources

Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004


1 sources of energy used in haiti1
1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI

  • 1.1 Firewood

  • satisfies to about 74% of the national demand in energy

  • between 3.4 and 4.1 millions of metric tons every year / 10-15 millions of trees / from 1.6 to 1.7 millions of Teo

Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004


1 sources of energy used in haiti2
1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI

  • 1.1 Firewood

USING :

between 3.4 and 4.1 millions of metric tons every year

10-15 millions of trees

about 1.6 to 1.7 millions of Teo

In rural localities : branches or dead trees

In cities by dry cleaning and bakeries : cut trees

In urban households: Charcoal from cut trees

Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004


1 sources of energy used in haiti3
1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI

  • 1.1 Electricity

Cities are endowed of public electric networks

Installed capacity : 250 MW , per capita 31 watts

560 GWH = per capita 80 kWh / year

In the capital : 10 – 15 hours per day

Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004


1 sources of energy used in haiti4
1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI

  • 1.2 Electricity

SOURCES

1991 2004

72 % Hydro 25 % Hydro

28 % Thermal 75 % Thermal

Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004


1 sources of energy used in haiti5
1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI

  • 1.3 Oil products

Used in thermal power stations and especially in transportation

20% of the energy consumed in Haiti

Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004


1 sources of energy used in haiti6
1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI

  • 1.4 Bagasse

Used in mini distilleries

140 000 tons per year / 15% used like fuels

Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004


1 sources of energy used in haiti7
1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI

  • 1.5 Solar energy

Used in : households / drying the linen

agricultural sector / drying the harvests

Since years 90 : Photovoltaic path

Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004


1 sources of energy used in haiti8
1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI

  • 1.6 Wind energy

Always be used for navigation (coasting, fishing)

In 1991 : a wind park of a 150 kW power

Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004


1 sources of energy used in haiti9
1 - SOURCES OF ENERGY USED IN HAITI

  • 1.7 Other sources

Human and animal energies

Fiels of using : transportation, fishing, construction

Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004


2 analyze of the situation

80 %

2 – ANALYZE OF THE SITUATION

Haiti - Production and import Primary energy

(In Thousands of tons equivalent of oil Tteo and in percentage %)

Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004


2 analyze of the situation1
2 – ANALYZE OF THE SITUATION

Firewood and charcoal are destroying the forests

Surface in forest

1923 1952 TODAY

60% 18% 1.5%

Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004


2 analyze of the situation2
2 – ANALYZE OF THE SITUATION

Hydro, solar and wind energies are under eploited

Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004


2 analyze of the situation3
2 – ANALYZE OF THE SITUATION

Solar energy

Daily radiation nearing 5kWh/m2

Haiti is an excellent wind layer

Winds speed 5 – 7 m/s

Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004


3 improvement
3 – IMPROVEMENT

  • 3.1 Projects of substitution

  • 3.2 Research

  • using the renewable energies

  • Faculty of agronomy had a cooperation with Wallon Region of Belgium

  • Faculty of Science had organized seminaries and exhibitions for its students in solar energy

Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004


4 prospects
4 – PROSPECTS

  • The University of State of Haiti (UEH) decides to lead serious research succeeding to a correction of the situation

  • finding international cooperations permitting a transfer of technology in renewable energies

  • This research will aim to find technologies being able to:

  • ●         Increase the energy production

  • ●         Especially be adapted to the Haitian reality with regard to the small isolated farming localities

  • Integrate the increasing public awareness of the improvement and the management of environment.

Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004


5 conclusion
5 – CONCLUSION

THANK YOU ALL !

Renewable energies in the haitian context - Presented by UEH-HAITI - Campinas, october 2004


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