Wm chapter 16 parks and refuges
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WM Chapter 16 Parks and Refuges 1. What value do humans place on parks and wildlife refuges? Type of attribute value Psychological Relationship with nature 3.2 Reduce stress 2.9 Exercise 1.9 Reflect on personal values/morals 1.3 Wildlife values Large wildlife 2.7

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Wm chapter 16 parks and refuges l.jpg
WM Chapter 16 Parks and Refuges

1. What value do humans place on parks and wildlife refuges?

  • Type of attribute value

  • Psychological

    • Relationship with nature 3.2

    • Reduce stress 2.9

    • Exercise 1.9

    • Reflect on personal values/morals 1.3

  • Wildlife values

    • Large wildlife 2.7

    • Small wildlife 2.7

    • Birds

    • Fish 2.4


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2. What types of activities can be done in Parks and what impact does this have on wildlife? Why are recreational activities controversial?

  • Hiking

  • Camping

  • Biking

  • Horseback riding

  • Hunting

  • Fishing

  • Trapping

  • Skiing – downhill vs cross country

  • Snow mobiles

  • Nature photography

  • Bird watching

  • Swimming

  • other


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3. What types of problems are associated with Park Management?

  • 1. Funding – federal, state, private (nature conservancy, WWF)

    • Varies with political leadership

    • State of Illinois parks

  • 2. Preservation – hiking, picking flowers, picking up rocks, shells, etc.

  • 3. Protecting the public – dangerous wildlife become acclimated to humans

  • 4. Protecting wildlife

    • Autos, health problems from junk food, impact of humans on reproduction, mating, rearing of young

  • 5. Protecting the environment

    • Fire, logging, trash


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4. What is the function of national parks and refuges? Management?

  • Protect endangered species

  • Rest stops for migratory birds

  • Protection of unique or highly productive natural systems

  • Provide areas for wildlife dependent recreation

  • Research sites, specimens for scientists


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5. What is the problem with bears and raccoons in parks? Management?

  • Food

  • Acclimation

  • Dependency

  • Aggression

  • disease


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6. What are the major problems parks face today? Management?

  • Loss of funding

  • Logging

  • wildfires

  • Overpopulated –

    • too many tourists

  • Controlling wildlife

  • Increasing biodiversity

  • Monitoring park activities

  • Lost hikers –

    • cost of finding


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7. What laws, regulations apply to park management. Management?

  • Fish and Wildlife Act of 1956

  • Migratory Bird Conservation Act

  • Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act

  • Lea ActEmergency Wetlands Resources Act

  • Endangered Species Act

  • CITES

  • National Wildlife Refuge System Improvement Act of 1997 – designates wildllife as highest priority. – One of last Clinton acts.


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