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### Champion Choice

Management

What is the ideal market hog weight today?

- A 200-240 pounds
- B 210-250 pounds
- C 220-260 pounds
- D 230-270 pounds

A

B

C

D

The pork industry is selling most products without the bone. The result has been to increase average market weights of 40 pounds over the past 30-40 years. The average market weight today is 260 pounds.

NEXT

Why do we cut the tail off of pigs?

- A Improves Sanitation
- B Limit tail biting
- C Makes pig prettier
- D No demand for hog tail

A

B

C

D

NEXT

Ivomec is a product that controls.

- A Parasites
- B Worms
- C Lice
- D All the above

A

B

C

D

Ivomec dosage for market size hogs is 1 cc per 75 pounds.

NEXT

A Whole herd feed efficiency is good when less than ...

- A 3 pounds of feed per pound of hog marketed.
- B 4 pounds of feed per pound of hog marketed.
- C 5 pounds of feed per pound of hog marketed.
- D 10 pounds of feed per pound of hog marketed.

A

B

C

D

Whole herd includes all the feeds that pigs, sows and boars have eaten.

NEXT

Paylean is a product used to ...

- A Improve growth
- B Increase muscle
- C Decrease fat
- D All the above

A

B

C

D

NEXT

How do you convert carcass price to live price?

- A Multiply times .74
- B Subtract 26
- C Divide by 5, add 15, multiply times 1
- D Divide by .74

A

B

C

D

NEXT

The Fat-a-meter measures loin depth. How do we convert loin depth to loin eye area?

- A. Multiply times 2.74
- B. Add 3
- C. Multiply times 4
- D. Add 5

A

B

C

D

NEXT

What are the two major ingredients in hog feed?

- A. Corn and Soybean Meal
- B. Corn and medication
- C. Milo and Wheat
- D. Oats and Soybeans

A

B

C

D

NEXT

A tractor trailer load of hogs is how many?

- A. 50-75 head
- B. 75-100 head
- C. 150-200 head
- D. 250-300 head

A

B

C

D

NEXT

What should a pig’s feed efficiency be from 60-260 pounds?

- A. 1 pound of feed per pound gain
- B. 3 to 1
- C. 5 to 1
- D. 7 to 1

A

B

C

D

NEXT

Pork Industry’s ideal 10th rib backfat is ...

- A. .3 - .5 tenths of an inch
- B. .6 -.9 tenths of an inch
- C. 1.0 - 1.2 inches
- D. 1.5 -2.0 inches

A

B

C

D

NEXT

Hog Manure is highest in what element?

- A. Phosphorus
- B. Potassium
- C. Nitrogen
- D. Iron

A

B

C

D

Hog manure is high in Phosphorus, average in Nitrogen, and low in Potassium.

NEXT

Your hog is treated for an illness with an antibiotic that has a 10 day withdrawal. What does that mean?

- A. The antibiotic will take 10 days to work
- B. This animal will have a drug residue for 10 days
- C. You must not sell this animal for human consumption until the withdrawal period is over.
- D. The animal must be withdrawn from stressful activities for 10 days.

A

B

C

D

NEXT

PRV is an abbreviation for what swine disease?

- A. Atrophic Rhinitis
- B. Pastueralla Pneumonia
- C. Psuedorabies
- D. Erysipelas

A

B

C

D

NEXT

TGE is an abbreviation for what swine disease?

- A. Transmissible Gastroenteritis
- B. Transmissible E-coli
- C. Salmonella
- D. Texas Swine Flu

A

B

C

D

NEXT

PRRS was once refereed to as ...

- A. Cat toxemia disease
- B. Mystery Swine Disease
- C. Leptospirios
- D. Uterine Toxemia

A

B

C

D

NEXT

PSE refers to...

- A. Lung condition
- B. Chronic ileitis\'s
- C. Crooked Nose
- D. Poor carcass quality

A

B

C

D

NEXT

A hog with a curved, puffy snout has suffered from ...

- A. Atrophic rhinitis
- B. A feeder poorly adjusted
- C. The flu
- D. A bad truck wreck

A

B

C

D

NEXT

What is your gilts underline count?

- A Total numbers of teats
- B Total numbers of teats including pin nipples
- C Total numbers of functional teats one side at a time (left side first)
- D Teat count (right side first)

A

B

C

D

NEXT

What is a blind nipple?

- A. A flat appearing teat with the end of the nipple at skin level.
- B. A small teat between two normal teats.
- C. A abnormally large, coarse teat.
- D. A teat turned inside out leaving the appearance of a hole in the underline.

A

B

C

D

NEXT

A pin nipple is ...

- A. A huge coarse teat.
- B. A teat half the size of a normal nipple and does not function.
- C. A flat blunt teat.
- D. A normal teat that gives only half as much milk.

A

B

C

D

NEXT

What is an inverted teat?

- A. A very small nipple.
- B. A large, flat, coarse teat.
- C. A teat at the rear of the udder turned out.
- D. A teat turned inside out leaving a small hole in the underline.

A

B

C

D

NEXT

What angle should the pasterns be set to the ground for maximum flexibility?

- A. 10%
- B. 25%
- C. 45%
- D. 90%

A

B

C

D

NEXT

Why is rib shape important to a gilt’s function?

- A. The open rib gives an oval shape to aid in getting from laying to standing position.
- B. Adds space for more pigs.
- C. Improves fertility.
- D. All the above.

A

B

C

D

NEXT

Why should females be long fronted to be more functional?

- A. Makes them prettier to attract the boars
- B. Improves femininity and fertility.
- C. Improves ability to eat feed off the floor.
- D. Improves durability.

A

B

C

D

NEXT

Why should gilts be long bodied?

- A. Delay puberty.
- B. Increase distance between teats for additional mammary tissue.
- C. Improves balance
- D. Improves soundness

A

B

C

D

NEXT

If we bred your gilt today how long until she would farrow?

- A. 114 days
- B. 3 months, 3 weeks, 3 days
- C. 150 days
- D. Both A and B

A

B

C

D

NEXT

If we wanted to order semen to breed your gilt and she was in estrus 7 days ago when do we need the semen.

- A. 1 month
- B. 1 week
- C. 2 weeks
- D. 3 weeks

A

B

C

D

NEXT

A gilt should have her first litter at what age?

- A. 6 months
- B. 1 year
- C. 1 1/2 years
- D. 2 years

A

B

C

D

NEXT

If we weaned a litter of pigs from your gilt today how long will it take for her to return to estrus?

- A. 1 day
- B. 5 days
- C. 2 weeks
- D. 1 month

A

B

C

D

NEXT

Which is more important front or rear leg soundness? Why?

- A. Front
- B. Rear

A

B

The rear legs allow the sow to lower herself in the crate and immediately raise back up if pig gets trapped. The sow holds the boar up with the rear. The boar stands on his rear to breed the gilt

NEXT

Which is more important the way a gilt walks or the way she gets from laying to standing? Why

- A. Walking
- B. Laying to Standing

A

B

The ability to get from laying to standing is much more important than walking. Those females that can get up and down without incident eat and drink more often which converts to improve growth, milk production, and longevity.

NEXT

A pig has very acute ______?

- A. Sense of Hearing
- B. Sense of Eye sight
- C. Sense of smell
- D. odor

A

B

C

D

NEXT

Pigs are monogastrics which means?

- A. Simple stomach (single stomach)
- B. Stomach with 4 compartments
- C. No stomach
- D. Without horns

A

B

C

D

NEXT

If we could catch all the sweat a pig could produce on a 90 degree day how much would we receive?

- A. 5 gallon
- B. 1 pint
- C. 3 tablespoons
- D. None (hogs don’t sweat)

A

B

C

D

NEXT

PRRS is an abbreviation for _______.

- A. Sound of a cat
- B. Porcine Resulting Response Syndrome
- C. Pig Rear Rotating Syndrome
- D. Porcine Reproductive Respiratory Syndrome

A

B

C

D

NEXT

What is the correct angle to a hog’s rear hock?

- A. 180 degrees
- B. 90 degrees
- C. 160 degrees
- D. 45 degrees

A

B

C

D

NEXT

How long does the estrus period last in a sow?

- A. 18 - 21 days
- B. 2 - 3 hours
- C. 2-3 days
- D. Forever

A

B

C

D

NEXT

What is the length of the estrus cycle in swine?

- A. 114 days
- B. 18-21 days
- C. 28 - 30 days
- D. 5 months

A

B

C

D

NEXT

How much Ivomec would you give your 225 pound hog?

- A. 3 cc’s
- B. 5 cc’s
- C. Syringe full
- D. Half a bottle

A

B

C

D

NEXT

Pigs that are referred to as feeder pigs weigh _______.

- A. 100-150 pounds
- B. 2 - 4 pounds
- C. 40 -60 pounds
- D. 230 - 260 pounds

A

B

C

D

NEXT

When does puberty occur in pigs?

- A. 1 year
- B. 8-10 months
- C. 5-7 months
- D. 2-4 months

A

B

C

D

Crossbred’s will reach puberty about a month earlier. Heterois or crossbreeding speeds up sexual maturity.

NEXT

How do you stimulate estrus in gilts?

- A. Cut their feed
- B. Move, Mix, haul, boar exposure
- C. Crowd (increase number in pen)
- D. Increase feed

A

B

C

D

NEXT

When is the best time to A.I. a gilt?

- A. Just as she starts to stand
- B. 12 hours after standing heat and every 24 hours while in heat.
- C. Check the moon
- D. Anytime

A

B

C

D

NEXT

How long will semen live after being inseminated?

- A. 10 days
- B. 2-4 days
- C. 18-24 hours
- D. 2 hours

A

B

C

D

NEXT

What is dystocia?

- A. Respiratory defect
- B. Difficulty farrowing
- C. The act of farrowing
- D. Underline defect

A

B

C

D

NEXT

What is parturition?

- A. Respiratory defect
- B. Difficulty farrowing
- C. The act of farrowing
- D. Underline defect

A

B

C

D

NEXT

What is gestation?

- A. Time of milking and raising pigs
- B. Time from conception to farrowing
- C. The time during estrus
- D. A form of farrowing crate

A

B

C

D

NEXT

What is lactation?

- A. Time of milking and raising pigs
- B. Time from conception to farrowing
- C. The time during estrus
- D. A form of farrowing crate

A

B

C

D

NEXT

What is cross-fostering?

- A. A breeding system
- B. Method of using boars in breeding
- C. Transferring of pigs to even litter size
- D. Transfer of pigs to improve herd immunity

A

B

C

D

NEXT

What are needle teeth?

- A. Small sharp tusk like teeth pigs are born with.
- B. Upper teeth found on boars that excrete hormones.
- C. Tusks on old boars
- D. Baby teeth

A

B

C

D

NEXT

Why are needle teeth removed?

- A. Improve the pig’s smile
- B. Improve sanitation
- C. Protect pigs from scratching each other and the mother udder.
- D. Helps the pigs nursing.

A

B

C

D

NEXT

What is stillborn?

- A. Sleepy baby pigs
- B. A disease causing pigs to sluggish at birth
- C. Shaky pigs at birth
- D. Pigs born dead

A

B

C

D

NEXT

Which amino acid is typically deficient in swine feed?

- A. Selemiun
- B. Trytophan
- C. Lysine
- D. Canicola

A

B

C

D

NEXT

A sow averages 9 pigs weaned per litter and has

2.2 litters a year. The hogs were sold at an

average weight of 260 pounds. Each hog ate

700 pounds of feed at .07 cents a pound.

- How many pigs did the sow wean this year?
- A. 22.4
- B. 15.8
- C. 19.8
- D. 12.3

A

B

C

D

NEXT

A sow averages 9 pigs weaned per litter and has

2.2 litters a year. The hogs were sold at an

average weight of 260 pounds. Each hog ate

700 pounds of feed at .07 cents a pound.

- How many pounds of pork was marketed from this sow?
- A. 4,851 pounds
- B. 6,123 pounds
- C. 3,890 pounds
- D. 5,148 pounds

A

B

C

D

NEXT

A sow averages 9 pigs weaned per litter and has

2.2 litters a year. The hogs were sold at an

average weight of 260 pounds. Each hog ate

700 pounds of feed at .07 cents a pound.

- How many pounds of feed does the sow’s offspring eat?
- A. 13,860 pounds
- B. 14,312 pounds
- C. 11,560 pounds
- D. 16,460 pounds

A

B

C

D

NEXT

A sow averages 9 pigs weaned per litter and has

2.2 litters a year. The hogs were sold at an

average weight of 260 pounds. Each hog ate

700 pounds of feed at .07 cents a pound.

- What did the feed cost that the sow’s offspring ate?
- A. $790.20
- B. $970.20
- C. $840.40
- D. $516.80

A

B

C

D

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