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FICCI-DMI Interactive Workshop 11-12 Dec, 2008 Ahmedabad G. D. Rath, Multi Disciplinary Centre on Safety, Health & Environment Bhubaneswar PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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STRENGTHENING HIRA in INDIAN SYSTEM. FICCI-DMI Interactive Workshop 11-12 Dec, 2008 Ahmedabad G. D. Rath, Multi Disciplinary Centre on Safety, Health & Environment Bhubaneswar . Improvement aspects of HIRA in the Indian System. A part of advanced Safety Management

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FICCI-DMI Interactive Workshop 11-12 Dec, 2008 Ahmedabad G. D. Rath, Multi Disciplinary Centre on Safety, Health & Environment Bhubaneswar

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FICCI-DMI Interactive Workshop

11-12 Dec, 2008


G. D. Rath,

Multi Disciplinary Centre on

Safety, Health & Environment


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Improvement aspects of HIRA in the Indian System

  • A part of advanced Safety Management

  • Covers all near miss accidents and

  • All major damages to equipments

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Interaction with the employees by the Shift I/C, Section I/C on:

  • Safety policy of the organisation

  • Unsafe conditions and acts

  • Control of hazards & use of PPEs

  • Important Dos & Don'ts from

  • SOPs (Standard Operating Practices) & SMPs (Standard Maintenance Practices)

  • SOPs & SMPs are to be reviewed periodically.

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Safety Policy to be widely publicized and displayed at prominent places.

  • Continuous Improvement Action Plan (CIAP) to be formulated with time frame and responsibility.

  • Periodic site visit in a scheduled manner to be conducted.

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Safety responsibility of senior management officials to be clearly defined, specially with respect to :

  • i) Use of PPEs

  • ii) Maintaining good house keeping and cleanliness.

  • The employee involvement in programme formulation and their implementation should be enhanced through the Departmental Safety Committee.

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  • The departments should develop activities like hazard identification, risk level assessment & control. Also include risk prioritisation.

  • Concerned employees to be trained on HIRA

  • Hazard Identification to be made

  • Assess risk level of potential hazards & suggest measures to mitigate

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  • Risk Assessment to be done for physical hazard through structured inspections. Assess the risk level with proper documentation.

  • Written schedules for area wise frequency of inspection are to be enforced:

  • Checklist and schedules to be drawn

  • Carryout inspection as per schedule

  • Monitor Implementation

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  • Establish procedure for reporting near-miss, dangerous occurrences and major equipment damages.

  • All such cases to be recorded in a register and reviewed in the concerned departments periodically and report to the SED (Safety Engineering Dept.) for further action at their end.

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  • After the Maintenance Activities, the site should be cleared off refuse, waste and scarp materials before clearing the shut down.

  • People should not be allowed to work in loose clothing in the vicinity of moving machines.

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  • Daily Inspection should be done as per checklist drawn, document the defects and take up with the concerned department (Maintenance Management) for rectification.

  • Document the defect in the history books

  • Caution boards to be displayed

  • Blind corners developed due to growth of trees, temporary sheds etc. should be cleaned up.

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Dept:_____________Section: Electrical

Date of Inspection: ____________________

Time: _______________________________

Equipment / Area: ____________________

Inspected by : _______________________




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  • Safety in Electrical Work areas to be ensured, monitored and documented.

  • Unwanted / abandoned electrical equipments to be identified and removed.

  • All loose electrical wirings should be dressed properly.

  • Proper shut-down procedures to be followed.

  • Panel boxes to be inspected and kept in closed conditions.

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  • Radiation hazard sources to be identified, risk assessment to be done and appropriate safety measures to be taken.

  • Areas to be demarcated and caution boards to be displayed.

  • Use of proper PPEs to be ensured.

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  • Ensure use of appropriate PPEs for Thermal Hazard.

  • Joint Inspection should be conducted by the concerned department and SED at least once in three months.

  • This should form a part of Annual Action Plan of the dept. / SED to assess any additional requirement.

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  • The Emergency Control Measures to be clearly defined.

  • Define the plan for evacuation of people from the affected areas.

  • Such areas to be prominently placarded for their easy identification.

  • Organise regular training for handling of emergency situation.

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Organise training for all employees including the sectional in-charges on safety management, accident prevention and investigation and industrial hygiene .

  • Training Module to be developed and training to be imparted.

  • Concerned employees to be trained in relevant programmes from time to time.

  • In all skill enhancement training programme, a session on Safety should be included.

  • Training to be conducted every month.

  • 20% of employees to be covered every year.

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  • Conduct First Aid Training regularly for all employees.

  • First Aid Box along with list of content (As per Factory Act-1948) to be provided to all shift I/C / Officers / Control Rooms.

  • The key of the First Aid Box to be available with the identified persons / locations.

  • First Aid Boxes to be kept in shift offices

  • List of trained First Aiders to be displayed

  • Training on Occupational Hygiene Hazards (dust, noise, illumination, ventilations, cleanliness etc.) should be organised.

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Joint Participation on Safety Management

The employees involvement in programme formulation and their implementation should be enhanced through Departmental Safety Committee.

  • Joint Committee on safety is a statutory requirement.

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Risk control Measures to be monitored and cost of risk control should be calculated and documented on case to case basis.

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  • Formal procedures to be developed for purchase and commissioning of new equipment and for major / minor changes in existing system.

  • Hazard analysis to be done for new equipment and process changes.

  • Safety requirements should be clearly spelt out in technical specification at the time of Tender Inquiry.

  • Safety requirement to be specified at tender inquiry stage.

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  • Study existing operators cabin and office conditions.

  • To identify and assess the physical risk and ratify where-ever necessary.

  • Survey of strenuous activities in operation and maintenance to be conducted along with OHS Physicians and control measures to be taken.

  • Health check up of all employees are to be covered within a time frame.

  • Training programme on material handling / ergonomics are to be conducted.

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  • Wherever machine guards are missing, they should be placed back in position.

  • House keeping standard to be monitored through regular inspection.

  • Ensure periodic removal of all wastes / redundant materials.

  • Thermal Hazard to be identified with OHSC and preventive measures to be suggested and implemented.

  • Tools & Tackles inspection to be done as per schedule and appropriate action to be taken.

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  • Fix responsibility and review compliances.

  • Safety responsibility assigned to the executives should be taken into consideration at the time of performance appraisal.

  • Responsibility to be fixed

  • Compliances to be reviewed.

  • Information Resource Centre (Library) to be developed

  • Booklets, journals, periodicals and other safety materials to be procured and kept in the library for use by the employees.

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  • Separate budgetary provision for Safety Activities for all departments to be made.

  • Budget for awareness programmes to be ensured.

  • Schedule of safety programmes - yearly basis to be prepared by the SED.

  • Safety procedures to be reviewed and updated.

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  • Emergency Control Measures should be periodically checked for its effectiveness through Mock Drill.

  • Training of identified persons for Emergency handling should be organised periodically.

  • External Safety Audits of Major Accident Hazard Units / Establishments should be conducted, at least one in every two years.

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  • A system should be developed to assess contractor’s capabilities for Safety and Health at the time of awarding contract.

  • Introduce a system to review the compliance of statutory requirement on the part of contractor on regular basis. Prepare a check list, take immediate action for non-compliance. The check list should include:

  • Valid photo passes

  • Use of standard PPEs

  • Maintaining statutory records

  • Tools and tackles - healthy working condition

  • Right man on the right job

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  • Assess the different Pollution Control Equipments jointly with the Environment Management Department and make functional if needed.

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Statutory provisions should be strictly followed and to be made up-to-date.

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1.The Indian Electricity Act-1910(Amended in 2003):

-The Indian Electricity Rules-1956

2.The Indian Boilers Act-1923 :

-The Indian Boilers Regulations-1950

3.The Factories Act-1948 (Amended in 1987):

-Orissa Factories Rules

4.The Mines Act-1952:-The Mines Rules, 1955

-The Coal Mines Regulations, 1957

-The Metalliferous Mines Regulations, 1961

-The Mines Vocational Rules,1966

-The Mines Rescue Rules,1985

-The Mines Creche Rules, 1966

5.Motor Transport Workers Act-1961:

-Motor Transport Workers Rules-1964

6.The Insecticides Act-1968:

-The Insecticides Rules-1971

-The Insecticides Rules-1971

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7.The Indian Explosive Act-1884:

-The Indian Explosive Rules, 1983

-The Static and Mobile Pressure Vessels (Unified) Rules, 1981

-The Gas Cylinders Rules, 1981

8.The Environment (Protection) Act- 1986:

-The Environment Protection Rules,1986

-Manufacture, Storage and Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules,1989

-Hazardous Waste (Management and Handling) Rules, 1989

-Environmental Clearance of Project Notification, 1994

9.Motor Vehicles Act-1968:

-Motor Vehicles (Central) Rules-1989

10.The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act-1974

11.The Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Cess Act-1977

12.The Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act-1981

13.The Dangerous Machines (Regulations) Act-1983

14.The Public Liability Insurance Act-1991

15.Building and Other Construction Workers Act-1996

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