POLITICAL PARTIES JANDA, 7 TH ED. 2003 Political analysts discount third parties because the structure and dynamics of U.S. politics work strongly for the operation of a two-party system. However, third parties can affect elections, ex. 2000 presidential election.
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JANDA, 7TH ED. 2003
The largest of these factions was the Populist party with its firebrand orator William Jennings Bryan. In 1896 the Democrats nominated Bryan as their presidential candidate.
Shortly after the turn of the century Republican Theodore Roosevelt was elected president from 1901 to 1909. After sitting out from 1909 to 1912 Roosevelt ran again as a third party candidate
President Reagan promised to reduce the size of government. He took a hard line position at first toward Russia. In the end he failed to reduce government expenditures but did see Communism begin to crumble.
Minnesota Farmer-Laborites; The Grange - 1880s; Populist Party - 1890sFarmer-laborer parties
Green Party’s Ralph Nader in 2000
Act as Safety Valves.
The number of Republicans and Democrats far exceeds the Independents in every year.
The number of Democrats consistently exceeds that of Republicans.
The number of Democrats has shrunk over time, to the benefit of both Republicans and Independents, and the three groups are now almost equal in size.
The national convention formally "elects" the members of the national committee, but in fact it simply ratifies the choices of each state.