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addend. Numbers that are added 4 + 2 = 6. addend. addend. angle. the figure made by 2 rays that extend from a common endpoint. area. The number of square units needed to cover a surface. Area=12 square units. bar graph. a graph that uses horizontal or vertical bars to represent data .

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Numbers that are added 4 2 6
Numbers that are added4 + 2 = 6

addend

addend








Base of a figure
base data (of a figure)



Capacity
capacity data





Certain
certain data



Chart
chart data



Closed figure
closed figure table, graph, or picture



cone table, graph, or picture


A 3 dimensional shape with a circular base a curved surface and one vertex
a 3-dimensional shape with a circular base, a curved surface, and one vertex

vertex

base


Congruent
congruent surface, and one vertex



cube surface, and one vertex



Cup c
cup (c) surface, and one vertex


A unit for measuring capacity
a unit for measuring capacity surface, and one vertex

1 cup = 8 fluid ounces


Customary system of measurement
customary system of measurement surface, and one vertex


The measurement system used most often in the united states
the measurement system used most often in the United States surface, and one vertex

Length – inches, feet, yards, miles

Weight – ounces, pounds, tons

Capacity – ounces, cups, pints, quarts, gallons


Cylinder
cylinder surface, and one vertex


A 3 dimensional shape with 1 curved surface and 2 circular bases that are parallel and congruent
a 3-dimensional shape with 1 curved surface and 2 circular bases that are parallel and congruent


Decrease
decrease bases that are parallel and congruent


To get smaller in size or number 10 9 8 7 6
To get smaller in size or number bases that are parallel and congruent10, 9, 8, 7, 6


Degree 0
degree ( bases that are parallel and congruent0)


A unit of measure for temperature and for angles
a unit of measure for temperature and for angles bases that are parallel and congruent


Denominator
denominator bases that are parallel and congruent



Diagonal
diagonal parts



Difference
difference polygon


The answer to a subtraction problem 5 2 1 difference
The answer to a subtraction problem polygon5 - 2 = 1difference


Digits
digits polygon



Dozen
dozen polygon


A group or set of 12
A group or set of 12 polygon

A dozen eggs


edge polygon




Outcomes having the same chance of happening
Outcomes having the same chance of happening polygon

1

2

It is equally likely that you will spin a 1,2,3, or 4.

3

4


Equation
equation polygon


A number sentence that uses the equals sign to show that two amounts are equal 8 x 5 40 23 14 9
A number sentence that uses the equals sign to show that two amounts are equal8 x 5 = 40 23 – 14 = 9


Equivalent
equivalent amounts are equal


Equal in value or amount
equal in value or amount amounts are equal =


Equivalent fractions
equivalent fractions amounts are equal


2 or more fractions that are equal 1 2 4 8
2 or more fractions that are equal amounts are equal124 8

=


Estimate
estimate amounts are equal


Noun: an answer that is close to the exact answer amounts are equal23 + 19 ≈ 40verb: to guess aboutThe children will estimate how many french fries are in the Happy Meal.


Expanded form
expanded form amounts are equal


A way to write numbers that shows the value of each digit 1 456 1 000 400 50 6
A way to write numbers that shows the value of each digit amounts are equal1,456 = 1,000 + 400 + 50 + 6


face amounts are equal


A flat surface of a polyhedron
a flat surface of a polyhedron amounts are equal

face


Fact family
fact family amounts are equal


A set of related number sentences amounts are equal4 + 3 = 7 5 x 2 = 107 – 3 = 4 10  2 = 53 + 4 = 7 2 x 5 = 107 – 4 = 3 10  5 = 2


Factor
factor amounts are equal


A number that is multiplied by another number to find a product 3 x 7 21 3 and 7 are factors of 21
A number that is multiplied by another number to find a product3 x 7 = 213 and 7 are factors of 21.


Farenheit 0
Farenheit ( product0)


A unit of measure for temperature the temperature is 102 0 f
A unit of measure for temperature productThe temperature is 1020 F.

0F

0C


Foot ft
foot (ft) product


A customary unit used to measure length 12 inches 1 foot
A customary unit used to measure length product12 inches = 1 foot


Fraction
fraction product



Gallon gal
gallon (gal) product


A customary unit used to measure capacity 4 quarts 1 gallon
A customary unit used to measure capacity product4 quarts = 1 gallon


Gram g
gram (g) product


A metric unit used to measure mass a paper clip weighs about 1 gram
a metric unit used to measure mass. producta paper clip weighs about 1 gram.



The symbol used to compare 2 numbers when the larger number is on the left34 > 2834 is greater than 28


Height
height is on the left



Hexagon
hexagon is on the left


A 6 sided polygon
a 6-sided polygon is on the left


Horizontal
horizontal is on the left



Vertical
vertical is on the left



hour is on the left


A unit used to measure time there are 24 hours in a day
a unit used to measure time is on the leftThere are 24 hours in a day.


Inch in
inch (in.) is on the left



Increase
increase is on the left


To get larger in size or number 2 3 4 5 6
To get larger in size or number is on the left2,3,4,5,6


Kilogram kg
kilogram (kg) is on the left


A metric unit used to measure mass 1 kg 1000 g a brick weighs about 1 kilogram
A metric unit used to measure mass is on the left 1 kg = 1000 gA brick weighs about 1 kilogram.


Kilometer km
kilometer (km) is on the left


A metric unit used to measure length 1 km 1 000 m
A metric unit used to measure length is on the left1 km = 1,000 m


Least likely
least likely is on the left


An event that has the smallest chance of happening the spinner is least likely to spin a 1
An event that has the smallest chance of happening is on the leftthe spinner is least likely to spin a 1.

1

2

2

2


Less than
less than (>) is on the left


The symbol used to compare 2 numbers when the smaller number is on the left45 > 9845 is less than 98


Line of symmetry
line of symmetry is on the left



Liter l
liter (L) image


A metric unit used to measure capacity 1 l 1 000 ml
A metric unit used to measure capacity image 1 L = 1,000 mL

This bottle holds 2 liters.


Meter m
meter (m) image




a measurement system used throughout the world based on multiples of 10length – millimeters, centimeters, meters, kilometersweight – milligrams, grams, kilogramscapacity – mililiters, centiliters, liters, kiloliters


Mile mi
mile (mi) multiples of 10


A customary unit used to measure length or distance 1 mi 5 280 ft 1 mi 1 760 yd
A customary unit used to measure length or distance multiples of 101 mi = 5,280 ft1 mi = 1,760 yd


Milliliter ml
milliliter (mL) multiples of 10


A metric unit used to measure capacity 1 000 ml 1 l
a metric unit used to measure capacity multiples of 101,000 mL = 1 L


Millimiter mm
millimiter (mm) multiples of 10


A metric unit used to measure length 10 mm 1 cm
a metric unit used to measure length multiples of 1010 mm = 1 cm


Minute
minute multiples of 10


A unit used to measure time there are 60 minutes in an hour
A unit used to measure time multiples of 10There are 60 minutes in an hour.


Most likely
most likely multiples of 10


An event that has the greatest chance of happening it is most likely that you will spin a 2
An event that has the greatest chance of happening multiples of 10It is most likely that you will spin a 2.

1

2

2

2


Number line
number line multiples of 10


A line on which points correspond to numbers 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
A line on which points correspond to numbers multiples of 101 2 3 4 5 6 7


Numerator
numerator multiples of 10


The bottom number in a fraction how many equal parts are being considered 1 numerator 3
The bottom number in a fraction; how many equal parts multiples of 10are being considered1numerator 3


Octagon
octagon multiples of 10


An 8 sided polygon a stop sign is an octagon
An 8-sided polygon multiples of 10A stop sign is an octagon.


Open figure
Open figure multiples of 10



Ounce oz
ounce (oz) multiples of 10


A customary unit used to measure weight or capacity weight 16 oz 1 lb capacity 8 oz 1 c
A customary unit used to measure weight or capacity multiples of 10weight 16 oz = 1 lb capacity 8 oz = 1 c


Parallelogram
parallelogram multiples of 10



Pattern
pattern congruent


A regularly-repeated arrangement of numbers, letters, or shapes, etc.shape patternnumber pattern3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21 ….


Pentagon
pentagon shapes, etc.


A 5 sided polygon
A 5-sided polygon shapes, etc.


Perimeter
perimeter shapes, etc.


The distance around a closed figure
The distance around a closed figure shapes, etc.

3 in.

2 in 2 in

3 in

The perimeter is 10 inches.


Pictograph
pictograph shapes, etc.



Pint pt
pint (pt) data


A customary unit used to measure capacity 2 c 1 pt and 2 pt 1 qt
A customary unit used to measure capacity data=2 c = 1 pt and 2 pt = 1 qt




Polygon
polygon data






A customary unit used to measure weight 1 lb 16 oz 2 000 lb 1 ton
A customary unit used to measure weight data1 lb = 16 oz2,000 lb = 1 ton


Prism
prism data



Probability
probability all other faces are parallelograms


A number used chance that an to describe the event will occurP = number of favorable outcomes number of possible outcomes


Product
product occur



Pyramid
pyramid occur



Quadrilateral
quadrilateral faces are triangle


A four sided polygon
A four-sided polygon faces are triangle


Quart
quart faces are triangle


A customary unit used to measure capacity 2 pints 1 quart
A customary unit used to measure capacity faces are triangle=2 pints = 1 quart


Quotient
quotient faces are triangle


The answer to a division problem 4 56 7 8 8
The answer to a division problem faces are triangle 4 56  7 = 8 8

32


Rectangular prism
Rectangular prism faces are triangle



Regroup
regroup faces are triangle


To rename a number 10 ones 1 ten 10 tens 1 hundred
To rename a number faces are triangle10 ones = 1 ten10 tens = 1 hundred


Regular polygon
regular polygon faces are triangle



Rhombus
rhombus angles have the same measure



Right angle
right angle opposite angles are congruent


An angle with a measure of 90 0
An angle with a measure of 90 opposite angles are congruent0


Second
second opposite angles are congruent


A unit used to measure small amounts of time there are 60 seconds in a minute
A unit used to measure small amounts of time opposite angles are congruentThere are 60 seconds in a minute.


Sphere
sphere opposite angles are congruent



Standard form
standard form the center


A number written with one digit for each place value ten 10 four thousand thirty two 4 032
A number written with one digit for each place value the centerten = 10four thousand thirty two = 4,032


sum the center


The answer to an addition problem 4 7 11 sum
The answer to an addition problem the center4 + 7 = 11sum


Symbol
symbol the center



Symmetry
symmetry idea



Table
table idea


Information organized in columns and rows
Information organized in columns and rows idea

TEACHERS’ BIRTHDAYS





The measure of how hot or cold something is
The measure of how hot or cold something is idea

0F

0C

The temperature is 1020F.

The temperature is 380C.




Ton t
ton (T) idea



Trapezoid
trapezoid idea





2 dimensional figure
2-dimensional figure other faces are parallelograms


A plane figure that has length and width
A plane figure that has length and width other faces are parallelograms


Vertex vertices
Vertex/vertices other faces are parallelograms


The point where 2 rays meet, where two sides of a polygon meet, or where the edges of a polyhedron meet; the top point of a cone or pyramid

vertices

vertices

vertex


yard meet, or where the edges of a polyhedron meet; the top point of a cone or pyramid


A customary unit for measuring length or distance 3 feet 1 yard 36 inches 1 yard
A customary unit for measuring length or distance meet, or where the edges of a polyhedron meet; the top point of a cone or pyramid3 feet = 1 yard36 inches = 1 yard


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