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Issues Facing the UK Automotive Industry Professor Neil Barlow Chief Executive, Northwest Automotive Alliance Background Northwest Automotive Alliance (NAA) was established in 2004 to support the automotive manufacturing industry in the Northwest of England

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Issues Facing the UK Automotive Industry

Professor Neil Barlow

Chief Executive, Northwest Automotive Alliance


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Background

  • Northwest Automotive Alliance (NAA) was established in 2004 to support the automotive manufacturing industry in the Northwest of England

  • NAA is a cluster organisation based on an alliance of major companies in the Northwest including Leyland Trucks (Paccar), Vauxhall Motors (General Motors), Jaguar/Land Rover (Ford) and Bentley Motors (Volkswagen)

  • Strategy focussed on a number of areas:

    • Supply chain development

    • Workforce development

    • Innovation

    • Internationalisation


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Overview of Presentation

  • The Global Market

  • Challenges Facing the Industry

  • UK Response

  • The Future






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UK Sector

  • The UK has the most diverse range of car producers of any country in the world – General Motors, Ford, Nissan, Toyota, BMW, Volkswagen, Honda and Peugeot.

  • UK has a wide range of specialist producers serving niche markets such as sports and track day cars, classic replicas and even an amphibious car manufacturer

  • Over a thousand automotive component suppliers are manufacturing in the UK

  • The automotive manufacturing sector contributes around £8.4bn added value to the economy which accounts for 1.1% of UK GDP

  • The industry in the UK employs some 237,000 people and has an annual turnover of some £46bn

  • It accounts for 9.5% of total UK exports (72% of total UK car production is exported).


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Global Issues

  • Over capacity

  • Legislation

  • Competition


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UK Issues

  • The majority of UK based vehicle manufacturers including those with outstanding productivity records are making losses

  • There is a major switch by VMs and tier one suppliers to source parts and materials from low cost countries

  • Many UK suppliers are falling short in key respects:

    • inadequate investment in both plant and equipment and product development

    • poor customer focus

    • shortage of skills

  • UK Employment Law makes it easier to close UK manufacturing plants ???

  • Energy costs increasing substantially

  • Location re rest of Europe – we are still an island !


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UK ResponseAIGT Report 2002:

  • National Supply Chain Groups

  • Automotive Academy

  • Centres of Excellence

  • Foresight Vehicle Programme


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Supply Chain Groups

  • £15m support from DTI matched by £15m company cash/in-kind

  • Support for a host company to work with it’s UK based suppliers to improve the competitiveness of the whole supply chain (minimum of 8 suppliers)

  • Main output – improved value added and QCD improvements

  • 50 Supply chain group programmes established with some 400 + companies participating

  • Averaging an eight fold return on investment per supply chain project


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Automotive Academy

  • Industry led

  • Set up to promote globally competitive standards of training and skill development for the UK automotive industry

  • Developed specific programmes for the industry:

    • Lean Manufacturing

    • Business Improvement Techniques

    • Team Leader Training

    • Graduate Development

    • Automotive Leaders

    • Executive Programme

    • ISO/TS16949

  • Working with providers to build their capacity and capability to deliver these programmes in UK regions


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Centres of Excellence

  • Low Carbon and Fuel Cell Technologies,

  • Transport Telematics and Technologies for Sustainable Mobility.


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Foresight Vehicle Programme

  • Engine/Powertrain

  • Hybrid, Electric, Alternatively Fuelled Vehicles

  • Software, Sensors, Electronics and Telematics

  • Advanced Structures and Materials

  • Design and Manufacturing Processes


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The FutureMore complex cars, built faster and cheaper:

  • Restructuring of the supply chain - more integration, mergers and alliances

  • More outsourcing of sub-assembly

  • Continued development of flex plants

  • More differentiated product

  • More use of common platforms

  • Shorter lead times

  • Diversification into finance, insurance, car hire, servicing and leasing




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