Evaluations of regional competitiveness making a case for case studies
Download
1 / 30

Evaluations of Regional Competitiveness: Making a Case for Case Studies - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 118 Views
  • Uploaded on

Evaluations of Regional Competitiveness: Making a Case for Case Studies. David L. Barkley Clemson University Clemson, South Carolina.

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Evaluations of Regional Competitiveness: Making a Case for Case Studies' - niveditha


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Evaluations of regional competitiveness making a case for case studies
Evaluations of Regional Competitiveness: Making a Case for Case Studies

David L. Barkley

Clemson University

Clemson, South Carolina


Case StudiesIn my opinion, the law of comparative advantage does not hold in the case of confrontation among local economies and, consequently, the conclusion that each region will always be granted some specialization and role in the interregional division of labor is not valid.”

Roberto Camagni

“On the Concept of Territorial Competitiveness”

Urban Studies (2002)


“…there is no particular reason to expect a region whose traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”

“…weak and lagging territories risk exclusion and decline to a larger extent than in the past.”


Evaluations of regional competitiveness
Evaluations of Regional Competitiveness traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”

Definitions, conceptualizations, and measures

Advantages and Disadvantages of Strategy

Estimation of Indices of Competitiveness

Benefits and Shortcomings of Indices


Regional competitiveness defined
Regional Competitiveness Defined traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”

“…the ability of an economy to attract and maintain firms with stable or rising market shares in an activity while maintaining or increasing standards of living for those who participate in it.” (Storper, 1997)

“…ultimately competitive regions and cities are places where both companies and people want to locate and invest in.” (Kitson, Martin, and Tyler, 2004)


Conceptualizations of Competitiveness traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”

The Porter Diamond Framework (Porter, 1998)


Ncc competitiveness pyramid
NCC Competitiveness Pyramid traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”

Source: National Competitiveness Council


Firm level traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”

Economy level

region

nation

Activity-complex economies

Localization economies

Urbanization economies

Enhanced Economic efficiency

Enhanced productivity

X-Efficiency

Source: Budd and Hirmis, 2004


Measures of competitiveness
Measures of Competitiveness traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”

Inputs (Development Report Card for the States)

Human resources

Financial resources

Infrastructure resources

Innovation resources

Amenity resources and natural capital


Outputs traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.” (Krugman, Porter)

  • Output per worker

  • Output per unit of capital and labor

  • in traded sectors

    Outcome (Kitson, et al. and Budd and Hirmis)

  • High rate of employment among labor force

  • High quality and high income job opportunities


Advantages of a competitiveness
Advantages of a Competitiveness traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”

Provides appreciation of current local economic environment

Identifies weaknesses in the local economy

Encourages a longer term perspective on economic development process

May lead to new marketing and promotional programs for the region


Disadvantages of competitiveness strategies
Disadvantages of Competitiveness Strategies traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”

May contribute to wasteful competition among regions

May result in a re-allocation of resources from low-visibility programs to high-visibility programs

May contribute to widening social inequalities

Used as justification for policy makers pet programs


Rankings grades and indices
Rankings, Grades, and Indices traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”

Development Report Card for the States (CFED)

67 measures 15 sub-indices 3 indices

no weights

State New Economy Index (Atkinson and Correa)

27 indicators 5 indices

weights selected to reflect relative importance


Rankings 50 largest metro areas
Rankings: 50 Largest Metro Areas traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”

aRankings for 363 Metropolitan Statistical Areas.

bRankings for 200 largest Metropolitan Statistical Areas.

cRankings for 50 largest Metropolitan Statistical Areas.


Rankings 50 largest metro areas1
Rankings: 50 Largest Metro Areas traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”

aRankings for 363 Metropolitan Statistical Areas.

bRankings for 200 largest Metropolitan Statistical Areas.

cRankings for 50 largest Metropolitan Statistical Areas.


Problems with indices and rankings
Problems with Indices and Rankings traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”

Inclusion of relevant variables, and only relevant variables

Selection of appropriate measures

for the variables

Selection of weights used to

combine the variables

Is the index a good predictor


Problems shortcomings cont
Problems/Shortcomings traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”(cont.)

Ignore the region’s historical development process and industrial legacy

Suggestive of formulaic solutions for complex economic development problems

Provide little room for alternative visions in the policy discussion

May stigmatize lagging regions


Road trips
Road Trips traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”

Ireland

Portland

Madison

Raleigh/Durham

Austin


  • Regional traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”

  • Scientists

  • Conceptualizations

  • and Models

  • Discourse on

  • Competitiveness

  • Strategies

  • Rankings and Indices

  • Discourse on Rankings

  • and Indices

  • Policy Makers

  • and

  • Economic Development Agencies

  • Road Trips

  • Best Practices


How can regional scientists help
How Can Regional Scientists Help traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”

Develop indices and benchmarking

methodologies that more accurately reflect competitiveness

- Variables selected

- Measures/data used for variables

- Weighting of variables in indices


2 selection of target cities
2. traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”Selection of Target Cities


3 applications of lessons learned
3. Applications of Lessons Learned traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”

Provide interpretations of lessons learned on road trips

Help identify characteristics unique to the visited region that enhanced competitiveness

Provide insights into characteristics of “home” region that may impede or facilitate the transfer of policies

Provide detailed analysis of the economies of the visited and home regions


Case study research
Case Study Research traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”

Definition: “an empirical inquiry that investigates a contemporary phenomena within its real-life context, especially when the boundaries between phenomena and context are not clear.” (Yin, 2003)


Case study research strategy
Case Study Research Strategy traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”

Development of theoretical model

Research model design

Data collection and analysis


Data collection
Data Collection traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”

Individuals associated with “case”

Review of literature (industry, government, popular press, and academic papers

Secondary data on regional economy

Multiple cases, multiple units of analysis


Why so few case studies
Why So Few Case Studies? traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”

Case studies are expensive and time consuming

Skeptical of information collected through interviews

Not confident in use of findings by policy makers

Perceived to be more difficult to publish in journals


Benefits of case studies to us
Benefits of Case Studies to Us traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”

Case studies can be fun

Provide new information and perspectives

Useful in developing or refining hypotheses

Useful in testing hypotheses

Policy makers love case studies


Conclusions
Conclusions traditional industries are faring badly to attract new industries.”

Case studies and best practices will be used in developing policy

We cannot attend every meeting of policy makers

We can improve the pool of good case studies

We can provide leadership in the design of case studies and interpretation of findings


ad