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eLearning - Critical Success Factors Curriculum Development Tim Hall EMRC-Educational Media Research University of Limerick [email protected] +353-61-202294 My Background Involvement in: CE & Post –experiential Learning EU and International Projects eLearning

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eLearning - Critical Success Factors

Curriculum Development

Tim Hall

EMRC-Educational Media ResearchUniversity of Limerick

[email protected] +353-61-202294


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My Background

  • Involvement in:

    • CE & Post –experiential Learning

    • EU and International Projects

    • eLearning

    • EMRC-Educational Media Research


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eLearning - Critical Success Factors Curriculum Development

  • What is curriculum development?

  • Is it different in eLearning than for a traditional face-to face approach?


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eLearning - Critical Success Factors Curriculum Development

  • What is it ?

    • Define appropriate learning objectives

    • Establish useful learning experiences

    • Organise learning experiences to maximise cumulative effect

    • Evaluate the process and revise to improve effectiveness (Tyler 1949)


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eLearning - Critical Success Factors Curriculum Development

  • What is it?

  • A continuum from macro to micro

    • Schools curriculum

    • Curriculum for a degree programme

    • The Syllabus for a course (module)

    • A Lecture plan

  • In our context the content and style of an eLearning course


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eLearning - Critical Success Factors Curriculum Development

Is it different?

Resource commitment

  • Recent IFETS survey of procatitioners found that the development time for eLearning was in excess of 110 times delivery time

  • For face-to-face its less than 10 times

  • This implies a much more “careful” process must be adopted


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eLearning - Critical Success Factors Curriculum Development

  • What’s involved?

    • People

    • Needs Analysis/Required Outcome

    • Methodology

    • Management & Resource Provision


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eLearning - Critical Success Factors Curriculum Development

  • People: Consider fully the needs of a wide constituancy

    • Owners (University, company)

    • Development Team

    • Teachers/Tutors

    • Students/Learners

    • Customers (Society, Parents, employers)


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eLearning - Critical Success Factors Curriculum Development

  • People: Development Team

    • Manager & administartive support

    • Subject matter experts

    • Instructional designers

    • Content authors (words & media)

    • Delivery and support system expert

    • Assessors/Testers


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eLearning - Critical Success Factors Curriculum Development

  • Needs Analysis/Required Outcome

    • There are many reasons why an eLearning solution is contemplated. It may be:

      • The most appropriate

      • Expedient

      • Required

    • Expectation of value for resources expended is essential


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eLearning - Critical Success Factors Curriculum Development

Methodology: Initial factors

The proposed curriculum must be suitable for an eLearning delivery

The proposed learning style must be appropriate and understood by the designers

An appropriate ICT environment must be available

Learners/Teachers must have access and be familiar with eLearning

[A strategy must be evolved to accommodate any of these factors that are missing]


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eLearning - Critical Success Factors Curriculum Development

Methdology: Development

A team activity where the skills and experience of the team members are contributed through a carfully designed and managed process

Or

An individual process where a subject matter expert works within an east to use environment


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eLearning - Critical Success Factors Curriculum Development

Methodology: Structure & Opportunity

An opportunity to review existing learning methodology and exploit one which eLearning does well

A clear framework for the instructional design stage must be established linking good design of presentation and navigation to appropriate good practice in ODL authoring


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eLearning - Critical Success Factors Curriculum Development

Management & Resource Provision

Curriculum design for eLearning must take place in a supportive institutional framework where the immediate and on-going resource commitment is understood


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eLearning - Critical Success Factors Curriculum Development

  • Curriculum design in an eLearning environment thus becomes a much more “professional” activity than here-to-fore


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eLearning - Critical Success Factors Curriculum Development

  • But [a very big but] in most of the above I have assumed a conventional approach to teaching and learning with a lecturer/teacher/instructor lead process based on a traditional curriculum and syllabus.

  • I don’t “teach” like that, do you?

  • What about other more learner centred approaches? Collaborative learning? Self-directed learning? Self-organised learning? Ubiquitous learning?


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eLearning - Critical Success Factors Curriculum Development

  • Do we have to start over? No, rarely are we working outside some formalised framework:

    • The people are the same

    • The learning needs are the same

    • The required resources and ICT support are the same

    • The learning environment still needs to be structured and the learning process facilitated and managed

    • A required curriculum is still being followed


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eLearning - Critical Success Factors Curriculum Development

  • So what’s different?

    • Content is being discovered, ordered, generated, digested and synthesized largely by the learners themselves

    • The teacher becomes a moderator, mentor, tutor

    • A much more rewarding process for all involved


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eLearning - Critical Success Factors Curriculum Development

Curriculum design is still the foundation, a macro factor that acts as a link between the intimate eWorld of the student(s)/teacher interaction and the outside pressures of assessors, the university/school, education authorities, society

As formal learning content disappears curriculum and learning approach remain as tangible confirmation that the prescribed learning is taking place


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eLearning - Critical Success Factors Curriculum Development

  • Curriculum development acts as a link between society, teachers, learners and resource providers.

  • It is essentially a team effort

  • It assumes a supportive and well resources environment


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