Background to Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches
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Background to Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches

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Background to Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches

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1. Background to Sustainable Livelihoods Approaches Developed in response to dissatisfaction with the RESULTS of development efforts Not INVENTED EVOLVED from the late 1980s through the 1990s (and still evolving) Slide 1 IFAD SL Workshops Background of Sustainable Livelihoods

2. Contributions to the development of SLA Country work by OXFAM and WORLD BANK on characterisation of the poor Experience of wide-range of NGOs & CBOs, bi- & multi-lateral agencies, informing researchers Work by ROBERT CHAMBERS and GORDAN CONWAY on RURAL LIVELIHOODS Work by AMARTYA SEN on ENTITLEMENTS Slide 2 Background of Sustainable Livelihoods IFAD SL Workshops

3. Approaches contributing to the development of SLA PARTICIPATORY APPROACHES to development FARMING SYSTEMS RESEARCH Recognition of some of the limitations in MICRO-FINANCE New approaches to MULTI-DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS of POVERTY (including by IFAD) Slide 3 Background of Sustainable Livelihoods IFAD SL Workshops

4. Processes in the development of SLA Identifying and analysing WEAKNESSES in development practice - what didn?t work? Distilling BEST PRACTICE - what worked? Development of a NETWORK to identify best practices Constantly EVOLVING LEARNING from EXPERIENCE Slide 4 Background of Sustainable Livelihoods IFAD SL Workshops

5. Organisations developing, adopting and adapting SLA Many organisations involved in development of SLA in parallel and in partnership Different organisations have adapted it to their specific priorities and concerns Slide 5 Background of Sustainable Livelihoods IFAD SL Workshops

6. Organisations using SLA e.g. International NGOs: CARE Save the Children OXFAM ITDG (Intermediate Technology Development Group) e.g. Bilateral: DANIDA SIDA DFID e.g. Multilateral : UNDP FAO WFP IFAD World Bank Slide 6 Background of Sustainable Livelihoods IFAD SL Workshops

7. Alternative SL Frameworks Different organisations have ?represented? the idea of ?sustainable livelihoods? in different ways All highlight similar basic concepts Alternative frameworks reflect different priorities of organisations Frameworks adapted to institutional ?cultures? Slide 7 Background of Sustainable Livelihoods IFAD SL Workshops

8. DFID?s SL Framework Slide 8 Background of Sustainable Livelihoods IFAD SL Workshops

9. DFID?s SL Principles Slide 9 Background of Sustainable Livelihoods People-centred Sustainability-focused Holistic Implemented in partnership Linking the micro with the macro Dynamic Building on the strengths of the poor IFAD SL Workshops

10. The CARE Livelihood Model Slide 10 Background of Sustainable Livelihoods IFAD SL Workshops

11. Guiding principles in CARE?s Livelihood Model Slide 11 Background of Sustainable Livelihoods IFAD SL Workshops

12. The Khanya SL Framework Slide 12 Background of Sustainable Livelihoods IFAD SL Workshops

13. The Tanga SL Framework (based on Khanya) Slide 13 IFAD SL Workshops Background of Sustainable Livelihoods

14. The UNDP Sustainable Livelihoods Approach Slide 14 Background of Sustainable Livelihoods IFAD SL Workshops


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