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Automotive Industry in Canada: Hazards and Standards - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Automotive Industry in Canada: Hazards and Standards CAW is the largest private sector union in Canada. We’re opposed to NAFTA and the FTAA: Quebec City demo RSI Claims Increase after FTA CAW in Manufacturing Automotive Industry: Automotive Assembly: Big 3

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Automotive industry in canada hazards and standards l.jpg

Automotive Industry in Canada: Hazards and Standards

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CAW is the largest private sector union in Canada.We’re opposed to NAFTA and the FTAA: Quebec City demo

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RSI Claims Increase after FTA

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CAW in Manufacturing

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Automotive Industry:

  • Automotive Assembly: Big 3

    • General Motors

    • Ford of Canada

    • DaimlerChrysler

  • Automotive Parts: eg.

    • Woodbridge Foam

    • Lear Seating

    • AG Simpson

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Safety Hazards:

  • safety:

    • lockout and machine guarding

    • falls

    • mobile equipment

  • ergonomics:

    • back injuries

    • repetitive strain injuries

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Health Hazards

  • Metalworking Fluids

  • Solvents

  • Isocyanates

  • Carcinogens such as asbestos

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Message from CAW President Buzz Hargrove

  • There are too many deaths from the lack of proper lockout procedures and effective machine guarding procedures in CAW workplaces across the country.

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Joel Murray, GM Worker,died from lack of effective machine guarding

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Back Injuries, RSIs: overhead work

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Backs and RSIs:bending

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Repetitive Strain Injuries

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Metalworking Fluids:used to cool and lubricate

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Metalworking Fluids

  • Skin diseases

  • Respiratory diseases

    • occupational asthma

    • hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP)

  • Variety of cancers

    • skin

    • digestive system (oesophagus, colon, rectum, stomach)

    • larynx

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Metalworking Fluids:Cancer of the oesophagus

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Francis Huggett

Asbestos continues to kill

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Closed in 1988,legacy of death lives on.

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Laws and Standards: Ontario Provincial LawCAW Collective AgreementsCSA and corporate Standards

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Ontario Occupational Health and Safety Act,Industrial Establishments

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We bargain health and safety standards.

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CAW Collective Agreements provide detailed requirements

  • more detailed worker h&s rights requirements than the law: eg. full time health and safety worker reps chosen by union, paid for by company

  • more detailed education and training requirements than law requires (eg. $3 million per year CAW H&S Training Fund: Big 3)

  • more detailed specific requirements than law requires

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Machine Lockout and Guarding

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Jim O’Neil, CAW Secretary

There is absolutely no excuse for employers to fail to provide safe and effective lockout procedures. Whenever they neglect this duty, they must be confronted and made to comply with the law. Whenever this failure results in a serious injury or death, they must be prosecuted or financially penalized and in some situations jail terms should be sought

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David Ellis died at 18lack of machine guarding. Fine & jail term for employer: 21 days

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Types of Hazardous Energy

  • Electrical energy

  • Kinetic energy

  • Potential (stored ) energy

  • Chemical energy

  • Thermal energy

  • Radiation

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The Hasps

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Map all lockout points

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Placarding and Mapping

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Air lock out valve

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Discussion Leader TrainingCAW Family Education Centre

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Ergonomics: union contract

  • Education and training of all workers: 4 hours

  • Education and training of union leadership: one week

  • Full time ergonomics representatives in plants or region, chosen by union, paid for by companies

  • National ergonomic coordinators, chosen by union, paid for by companies.

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Ergonomics Process: union contract

  • Identify priority jobs through risk factor checklists, health records and worker complaints

  • Eliminate or reduce risks by changing work methods, machinery, tools, and work station design

  • Implement and test the changes

  • Document changes

  • Follow-up to make sure they work.

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Bargain Health Standards and Protections for Chemicals

  • Bans and toxics use reduction (integration with environment)

  • Most stringent requirements:

    • Ontario regulations

    • U.S. OSHA PEL

    • ACGIH TLVs

    • GM OEG

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Metalworking Fluids

  • Law and ACGIH TLV: 5 mg/m3

  • Contract:

    • existing equipment: 1.0 mg/m3

    • new equipment: 0.5 mg/m3

    • enclose and ventilate

    • substitution: vegetable oil for conventional fluids

    • Ford has done the best in terms of substitution, engine plants in Windsor.

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  • Worker deaths have made law more stringent: 0.1 fibres/cc.

  • But even this level is associated with lifetime risks:

    • 5/1,000 lung cancer

    • 2/1,000 asbestosis

  • We bargained banning of asbestos as part of a dozen or more carcinogens banned

  • Stringent requirements for asbestos removal

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Mexican artist

U.S. venue

Canadian talk

Common goal:

Protect workers.

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