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Atlantic Slave Trade. Causes of African Slavery Muslim transported 17 million Africans European interest Africans were immune to European disease Experience in farming Difficult escape Buying and selling of slaves Started with 300,000 in the 1500s ended with about 9.5 million in 1870.

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Atlantic slave trade l.jpg
Atlantic Slave Trade

  • Causes of African Slavery

    • Muslim transported 17 million Africans

    • European interest

      • Africans were immune to European disease

      • Experience in farming

      • Difficult escape

    • Buying and selling of slaves

      • Started with 300,000 in the 1500s ended with about 9.5 million in 1870


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What???

  • What advantages do you see, as a merchant, in having slaves?

  • Can you think of another form of cheap labor?


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Triangular Trade

Europe

Cotton, Tobacco, Sugar

North America

&

South America

Guns, Manufacturers

Slaves, Gold, Ivory

Africa


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The Middle Passage

  • Brought Africans West to the Americas

    • Sickening cruelty

    • Whippings and beatings

    • Disease

    • Committed suicide

    • 20 percent died


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What???

  • If you were a merchant who owned a ship carrying slaves, what would you do differently in regards to the middle passage?


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The Columbian Exchange

  • Transfer of foods, plants, and animals

Corn, potatoes, tomatoes, squash, pineapples, tobacco and cacao beans

Horses, cattle, sheep, pigs, bananas, yams, black eyed peas,

wheat, barley, rice and oats

Disease (small pox and measles


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Capitalism

  • Private ownership

  • Investments in trade and exploration

  • Business grew across Europe

    Joint Stock Companies

  • Investors bought shares, pooled their money or wealth


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What???

  • What was so significant about the Columbian Trade?

  • What do you think happened to the European economy? (money and prices)


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Mercantilism

  • Power was based on wealth

  • Gold and silver vs balance of trade

  • Self sufficiency

  • New class of merchants


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What???

  • What was the worst effect of the triangular trade, Columbian trade and growth of Mercantilism?

  • What was the greatest effect of the triangular trade, Columbian trade and growth of Mercantilism?

  • Why do you think the slave trade flourished for so long?

  • Lets pretend that the Africans enslaved the Europeans...what do you think the world would be like today?


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