Spain s empire in the americas
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Spain’s Empire in the Americas. Chapter 2 Section 1. Objective:. Students will be able to describe the early interactions between Spanish explorers / Conquistadors and Native Americans.

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Spain’s Empire in the Americas

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Spain s empire in the americas

Spain’s Empire in the Americas

Chapter 2 Section 1


Objective

Objective:

  • Students will be able to describe the early interactions between Spanish explorers / Conquistadors and Native Americans.


Spain s empire in the americas

  • Spanish explorers sailed to the Americas after Columbus’s expeditions. These explorers were known as conquistadors, orconquerors. They came to the Americas in search of gold and silver.


Spain s empire in the americas

  • In 1518 Governor Diego Velazquez put Cortesin charge of an expedition that was to explore the Yucatan peninsula.


Spain s empire in the americas

  • In Tobasco, the natives gave him a female interpreter who spoke a couple of the languages, Malintzin, as a peace offering. She became an advisor to Cortés and had a child with him.


Spain s empire in the americas

  • While Cortes was there he was informed of the rich Aztec Empire.


Spain s empire in the americas

  • From there he marched to Tenochtitlan (now Mexico City) the capital of the Aztec Empire.


Spain s empire in the americas

  • At first, the Aztec emperor, Montezuma II, refused to meet with Cortes.

  • In the decade before the Spanish arrived in Mexico, Aztec Emperor Montezuma II and his people were filled with a sense of foreboding.

  • A series of evil omens had foretold of calamities to come.


Spain s empire in the americas

  • Montezuma sent a messenger out to meet with Cortes. Cortes showed the messenger his cavalry in full charge, their ferocious dogs, and cannons.


Spain s empire in the americas

  • When the messenger returned to tell Montezuma what he had seen…


Spain s empire in the americas

  • Montezuma began to fear that Cortes was the exiled god, Quetzalcoatl, coming back for revenge.


Spain s empire in the americas

  • In November 1519, Montezuma allowed the Spaniards to enter Tenochtitlan. As Cortes and his men marched into the city, the people came out to watch. Many of them were terrified.


Spain s empire in the americas

  • Montezuma greeted them and gave Cortes a necklace with gold and precious stones on it.


Spain s empire in the americas

  • Cortes gave Montezuma a necklace with pearls and cut glass.

  • Montezuma showered them with gifts and gave the Spanish luxurious apartments.


Spain s empire in the americas

  • Cortes began to fear that the Aztec were planning to kill them. So he detained Montezuma.


Spain s empire in the americas

  • He put him under house arrest,


Spain s empire in the americas

  • and then tried to rule the empire through him.


Spain s empire in the americas

  • The Aztecs soon began to lose respect for Montezuma.


Spain s empire in the americas

  • The people also began to resent the Spanish for attacking their religion and their demands for gold.


Spain s empire in the americas

  • Cortes began to have the idols destroyed. He also put Christian images on their great Pyramid. At this point the Aztecs had begun a resistance movement.


Spain s empire in the americas

  • Once Cortes took control of the Aztec Empire, he began making plans for the colony of New Spain, whose capital he called Mexico City.


Spain s empire in the americas

  • The Spanish lived among the people they conquered. Spanish men married native women. Their children and descendants were called mestizopeople with mixed Spanish and Native American blood.


Spain s empire in the americas

  • The Spanish also formed large farms and mines that used natives as slave labor. This system was known as encomienda.


Spain s empire in the americas

  • About 15 years later, Francisco Pizarro led another Spanish force, It conquered the mighty Inca Empire of South America. Once again, the Spanish found gold and silver.


Spain s empire in the americas

  • By the mid-1500s, Spain had formed an American empire that stretched from modem-day Mexico to Peru. After 1540, the Spanish looked north of Mexico and explored the future United States.


Spain s empire in the americas

  • Inspired by rumors of seven cities of gold, Francisco Vázquez de Coronadoled an expedition of about 300 Spanish soldiers, over 1,000 Tlaxcalan Indians, and enormous herds of livestock north into what is now the American West.


Spain s empire in the americas

  • Catholic priests went along. Spanish priests began to make some protests, however. One thing they criticized was the encomienda system. A monk named Bartolome de Las Casas and others successfully called for the end of the system.


The mission

The Mission


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