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ABC Mosquito Control. Dr Kevin Gorman Oxitec Ltd, UK.

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ABC Mosquito Control

Dr Kevin Gorman

Oxitec Ltd, UK

The views and opinions expressed in this presentation are those of the author and do not necessarily reflect the official policy or position of WSAID, The Miami Science Museum or any agency in Florida or the U.S. government. There have been limited field trials with this technique. Assumptions made within the presentation are not reflective of the position of WSAID, the Miami Science Museum, the Florida government or any U.S. government entity.


background

What is the most dangerous animal on earth?


background

A shark?

A lion?

A venomous snake?


background

No - it’s the mosquito!


background

Mosquitoes kill over

1 million people in the

world every year…


background

...they have a huge impact on human health


background

Mosquito borne diseases:


background

Mosquito borne diseases:

Malaria


background

Mosquito borne diseases:

Dengue


background

Mosquito borne diseases:

Yellow fever


background

Mosquito borne diseases:

Chikungunya


background

Mosquito borne diseases:

Japanese encephalitis


background

Mosquito borne diseases:

and many more!


the problem

So how do we usually control mosquitoes?


We put insecticides in the water

the problem

We put insecticides in the water


And spray chemicals in the air

the problem

…and spray chemicals in the air


the problem

We spray some more…


the problem

Photo courtesy of Nathan Benn

and some more…


the problem

…but Dengue is still increasing!


the problem

2.5 billion people in the world

are at risk


the problem

No vaccine

No medication


the solution

We CAN do better…

…a solution is ready


the solution

We can use ABC


the solution

AutocidalBiological Control

The pest controls itself!


the solution

Male mosquitoes do not bite

or spread disease

Only

females do…


the solution

We can genetically change males…

…so they carry a lethal gene

TET

…and so we

can recognise them


the solution

Wild x Wild


the solution

Transgenic x Wild


the solution

More transgenic male mosquitoes means faster control

No treatment

Population

More

sterile males

Sterile males

Time


the solution

It is effective


the solution

Transgenic males mate only with wild female mosquitoes…of the same species

…other species

are unaffected


the solution

It is effective

and environmentally friendly


the solution

A breakthrough in genetics providing a simple, effective and sustainable solution



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