Myricaceae the bayberry family
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Myricaceae “The Bayberry Family”. By Jerry Warmbold. Myricaceae. 3 Genera Comptonia – the sweet ferns Myrica – the sweet gales Morella – the bayberries 50 Species. Myricacea Characteristics. Shrubs or small trees Evergreen or deciduous Often aromatic and resinous

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Myricaceae “The Bayberry Family”

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Myricaceae the bayberry family

Myricaceae“The Bayberry Family”

By Jerry Warmbold


Myricaceae

Myricaceae

  • 3 Genera

    • Comptonia– the sweet ferns

    • Myrica – the sweet gales

    • Morella – the bayberries

  • 50 Species


Myricacea characteristics

Myricacea Characteristics

  • Shrubs or small trees

  • Evergreen or deciduous

  • Often aromatic and resinous

  • Catkins with bracts

  • Leaves alternate, simple or pinnatifid

  • Usually monoecious can be dioecious

  • Flowers most often imperfect having petals and sepals absent


Geographical distribution of comptonia peregrina

Geographical Distribution of Comptoniaperegrina

http://plants.usda.gov/java/county?state_name=Minnesota&statefips=27&symbol=COPE80

http://www.discoverlife.org/mp/20q?search=Comptonia+peregrina


Comptonia peregrina sweet ferns

Comptoniaperegrina“Sweet Ferns”

  • Half shrub up to 4 ft tall

  • Leaves alternate, and pinnately cut

  • Pubescent trichomes

  • Leaves are aromatic when crushed

  • The fruit is in catkins composed of a cluster of bur like nutlets

  • Stipules present

  • Monoecious

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&enlarge=0000+0000+0408+1562

http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/cgi/img_query?query_src=dl&enlarge=0000+0000+0408+1557


Geographical distribution of myrica gale

Geographical Distribution ofMyrica gale

http://plants.usda.gov/java/county?state_name=Minnesota&statefips=27&symbol=MYGA

http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=MYGA


Myrica gale sweet gale

Myrica gale “Sweet Gale”

  • 2-4 feet tall

  • Leaves alternate, obovate, entire or serrate-denticulate, more serrated at leaf apex, dotted with yellow glands

  • Water-dispersing seeds

  • Stipules absent

  • Catkins short with 2-6 bracts

  • Dioecious

http://www.silkmoths.bizland.com/Myricagale.jpg


References

References

  • Walters, Dirk., Keil, David., Murrell, Zack. 2006. Vascular Plant Taxonomy . 5th ed. U.S.: Kendall/Hunt. 180. Print.

  • N.A., 2002. “Discover Life”. Web. 26 Jan 2010. http://www.discoverlife.org/mp/20q?search=Comptonia+peregrina

  • Bornstein, Allen. "Myricaceae." Flora of North America. Web. 26 Jan 2010. <http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=10594>.


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