Synecdoche and metonymy
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Synecdoche and Metonymy. English 11. Metonymy. Pronounced: Meh-Ton-Ah-Me Definition: A figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated. Greek for “change of name” Ex: Golden arches or Rotten Ronnie’s or McDick’s. Synecdoche.

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Synecdoche and Metonymy

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Synecdoche and metonymy

Synecdoche and Metonymy

English 11


Metonymy

Metonymy

  • Pronounced: Meh-Ton-Ah-Me

  • Definition: A figure of speech in which one word or phrase is substituted for another with which it is closely associated.

  • Greek for “change of name”

  • Ex: Golden arches or Rotten Ronnie’s or McDick’s


Synecdoche

Synecdoche

-Pronounced: Sah-Neck-Duh-Key

-Definition: A figure of speech by which a part is put for the whole, or the whole is put for a part.

-Greek for “shared understanding”

-Ex: ABC’s for Alphabet


The difference

The Difference

  • Synecdoche is more specific.

  • Metonymy is more general.

  • If you can see the image as part of a whole, then it is synecdoche.

  • If the image is actually a whole thing and represents another whole thing, it is metonymy.


Naughty metonymy poem

Naughty Metonymy Poem

By Alexandra MacDonald

Today I saw a sexy skirt

Strolling down the street

She had a lovely pair of twins

Bouncing to the beat

(“Skirt” is a metonym for “girl” or “woman”

“Twins” is a metonym for “boobs”)


Synecdoche or metonymy

Synecdoche or Metonymy?

  • Take thy face hence

  • ABC’s

  • The Crown’s case is solid

  • The Pentagon

  • All hands on deck

  • The pen is mightier than the sword

  • I asked for her hand in marriage

  • Uncle Harvey’s back on the bottle

  • Uncle Billybob’s a redneck


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