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EQ #1. What was the Industrial Revolution?. Industrial Revolution . * The Industrial Revolution is when there was a shift from an economy based on farming and handicrafts to an economy based on manufacturing by machines in factories. EQ #2.

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Eq 1

EQ #1

What was the Industrial Revolution?


Industrial revolution

Industrial Revolution

*The Industrial Revolution is when there was a shift from an economy based on farming and handicrafts to an economy based on manufacturing by machines in factories


Eq 1

EQ #2

Why did the Industrial Revolution start in Great Britain?


Why great britain

Why Great Britain?

  • Advancements in agriculture

    • Expansion of farmland

    • Good weather

    • Improved transportation

    • New crops


Why great britain1

Why Great Britain?

  • Population Explosion

    • More food = more people.

    • More people = more ???

    • “Two heads are better than one – even if they are cabbage heads.”

    • See page 274

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=


Why great britain2

Why Great Britain?

  • Available capital

    • Capital – Money available for investment


Why great britain3

Why Great Britain?

  • Abundant supply of natural resources

    • Coal

    • Iron Ore

    • Water


Why great britain4

Why Great Britain?

  • Markets available for trade

    • Great Britain had a world-wide trading empire

    • “The sun never sets on the British Empire.”

    • Britain becomes world-wide leader in cotton production


Eq 1

EQ #3

What were the four main industries of the 1st Industrial Revolution?


Industries of the 1 st industrial revolution

Industries of the 1st Industrial Revolution

  • Textiles

  • Railroads

  • Iron

  • Coal


Eq 1

EQ #4

What were the four main industries of the 2nd Industrial Revolution?


Industries of the 2 nd industrial revolution

Industries of the 2nd Industrial Revolution

  • Steel

  • Chemicals

  • Electricity

  • Petroleum


Eq 1

EQ #5

What were the immediate effects of the Industrial Revolution?


Immediate effects

Immediate Effects

  • Destroyed

    • Cottage Industry

    • Cobblers

    • Blacksmiths

    • Weavers

    • Tailors

Built and destroyed industries

  • Built

    • Coal

    • Railroads

    • Cotton

    • Textiles

    • Steel


Immediate effects1

Immediate Effects

Urbanization

  • People began to move into the cities.


Immediate effects2

Immediate Effects

  • Working Class/Proletariat

    • Factory Workers

    • Farmers

    • Mine Workers

    • Artisans

    • Child Laborers

Creation of the…

  • Middle Class/Bourgeoisie

    • Factory Owners

    • Mine Owners

    • Postal People

    • Doctors

    • Lawyers


Immediate effects3

Immediate Effects

Creation of the 24 hour workday.

  • Now factories and businesses can be productive 24 hours a day.


Eq 1

EQ #6

What were the long-term effects of the Industrial Revolution?


Long term effects

Long-Term Effects

  • Some countries industrialized, others didn’t


Long term effects1

Long-Term Effects

  • Reformation of working conditions

    • Child Labor Laws

    • Trade Unions

    • Socialism


Long term effects2

Long-Term Effects

  • Extras

    • Leisure time/Holiday

    • Women’s Rights

    • Compulsory Education


Long term effects3

Long-Term Effects

  • Creation of a world economy


Long term effects4

Long-Term Effects

  • Nationalism


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