Instructor: Prof. Dr. Boris Natalin
3) Posted readings
Geologists are “scientists” with unnatural obsessions with xxxxxx and rocks. Often too intelligent to do monotonous sciences like biology, chemistry, or physics, geologists devote their time to mud-worrying, volcano poking, fault finding, bouldering, dust-collecting, and high-risk colouring. One of the main difficulties in communicating with geologists is their belief that a million years is a short amount of time and their heads are harder than rocks.
Geology is truly an interdisciplinary science, relying on the knowledge of chemistry, physics, biology and mathematics to fully understand the processes, which are at work on the surface of the earth and its interior.
Earthquakes are caused by internal motions of air, water, fire, heat, etc.: Anaximander (610-546 BC), Aristotle (384-322 BC), Ovid, Pliny the Elder
Glossopetrae (tongue stones)
"The prodromus of Nicolaus Steno\'s dissertation concerning a solid body enclosed by a process of nature within a solid"
Steno introduced three principals of spatial and temporal relationships of rocks
Royal Society of Edinburgh
Joseph Black (CO2)
John Clerk (Naval tactician)
John Playfair (mathematician)
- Physical, chemical, and biological laws that operate today have also operated in the geological past
- The present is key to the past
- The result, therefore, of our present inquiry is that we find no vestige of a beginning, no prospect of an end
Creation of new life forms
Pikaia, earliest chordate
The diameter is approximately 100,000 light-years
Core and mantle