Coolronan bog project
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Coolronan Bog Project. Presentation to Ballivor Renaissance Group and community 7 March 2012. Introduction. This project was setup in Nov 2011 by a group of 5 local people. With backing of local community and interested organisations, it is hoped to

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Coolronan Bog Project

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Coolronan bog project

Coolronan Bog Project

Presentation to BallivorRenaissance Group and community

7 March 2012


Introduction

Introduction

  • This project was setup in Nov 2011

    by a group of 5 local people.

    With backing of local community and

    interested organisations, it is hoped to

    commence a bog restoration project

    which will target a number of objectives


Objective summary

Objective Summary

  • To develop a small but specific section of Bord Na Mona managed section of Coolronan bog as an amenity for the locality and for visitors.

  • Create an area within the bog where native bog plants and wildlife can flourish

  • To develop the heritage aspect of Coolronan bog for the interest of current and former residents of the area, and for the wider community

  • Bring some employment and business opportunities to the locality


Objective 1

Objective 1

  • To develop a small but specific section of Bord Na Mona managed section of Coolronan bog as an amenity for the locality and for visitors.

  • Coolronan Bog is a raised bog that comprises an area of 7,000 acres approx.

    Bord Na Móna have ownership and control of 6,000 acres approx of this

    amount.

  • The project group have commenced discussions with Bord Na Móna and other

    organisations to section an area of 150 to 200 acres to allow be developed as

    part of a bog restoration project .

  • It is planned to create walkway / cycleway , lake / wetlands and development

    of Cutaway section to start a process to restore this part of the bog to its natural

    state. One of the main attractions in this section is the ruin of a house which dates

    back to famine times and which was lived in up to the 1950’s

  • Opportunities for the bog being a facility for school tours , nature trail walks ,

    birdwatching etc


Objective 2

Objective 2

  • Create an area within the bog where native bog plants and wildlife can flourish

    Native plants : Peat Forming Sphagnum Mosses ,Bog Bean, Deer Antler

    Lichen, Butterwort, Sundew, Bog Cotton,, Bell Heather,

    Lichens, Cranberries, Bog Asphodel.

    Native Animals: Fox, Hare, Deer, Bat

    Native Amphibians: Otter, Common Frog, Lizard

    Native Birds : Red Grouse, Corncrake, Curlew, Merlin , Lapwing, Hen Harrier,

    Skylark, Meadow, Pipit

    And many varieties of Invertebrates: Slugs, Spiders, Moths, and butterflies,

    Dragonflies, Damselflies ,Beetles


Objective 3

Objective 3

  • To develop the heritage aspect of Coolronan bog for the interest of current and former residents of the area, and for the wider community

  • The group is meeting with some elderly members of the community to recall their recollections of growing up in and around Coolronan bog and their stories will be captured on video and audio tape. These clips will be uploaded on the website.

  • These recollections are part of the history of the locality and are invaluable to understand living and working in the bog back in 1940’s and 1950’s.


Objective 4

Objective 4

  • Bring some employment and business opportunities to the locality

    If the project can proceed , there is an opportunitytosupport

    existing businesses in the locality eg

  • Ground work contractors to develop the site .

  • Also once the site is established shops, hotels, pubs ,

    minibus operators who would benefit by visitors to the area


Activities to date

Activities To Date

  • Activities to date include

  • Project Group Meetings to discuss scope and objectives of project

  • Initial contact with Bord Na Mona

  • Create website www.mwmbogproject.wordpress.com

  • Creation of membership cards


Other

Other

  • This project is not intruding on any privately owned parts

    of Coolronan bog , only a section of Bord Na Mona bog as

    previously outlined

    Location of bog section proposed as per map next slide


Ordnance survey map of bog

Ordnance Survey map of Bog


Planned activities

Planned Activities

  • Commission an independent Environmental Study / ecological report on the section of bog aquired.

  • Meet with Irish Peatland Conservation Council

    to discuss options for bog restoration

    This group is a voluntary body that have carried

    out significant research already into the ecological

    state of Irish bogs.

  • Review with local community and interested groups.


More planned activities

More Planned Activities

  • Inspect other raised bogs which are now amenity centres in counties Kildare, Laois, Offaly

  • Further correspondence with BNM

  • Meet RTE environmentalist, ÉannaNíLamhna and discuss our options with her for promoting Biodiversity in Coolronanbog

  • Meet with Dept of Heritage representatives ; 2012 is special famine year


Examples of bog restoration project

Examples of Bog Restoration project

  • In Abbeyleix Bog in 2009 , BNM worked with local community to restore water levels to promote peat forming vegetation

    In Abbeyleix, BNM worked with IPCC (Irish Peatland Conservation council) , IPWS (Irish Parks and Wildlife service) and Laois Heritage on this project. A lease agreement has been put in place with the local community that passes responsibility to local community to manage the bog there.

    This is the type of joint initiative that the Coolronan Bog Project has in mind to promote and sustain the bog.


Functions of a bog

Functions of a bog

In addition to being a fuel source , bogs have other important functions

  • filtering water

  • acting as a water collection basin,

  • accumulating carbon

  • providing habitat for flora and fauna.


General principles for bog restoration

General Principles for Bog Restoration

  • Identifying bogs for preservation through environmental assessment;

  • Using careful harvesting techniques so that restoration can

    be readily achieved

  • Leaving at least three feet of peat at the bottom of the bog

  • Returning of harvested bogs to functioning wetlands


Bog restoration practical steps

Bog Restoration Practical Steps

  • Surface Preparation

  • Plant Collection from donor site

  • Plant Spreading

  • Straw spreading

  • Fertilization

  • Raise water level


A view from canada

A view from Canada

  • There are good examples of harvested bogs in Canada where more than one foot of sphagnum moss has re-grown, unaided, during the 10 to 15 years since harvesting has ceased. These bogs look like and provide the functions of virgin bogs.

  • Even though Canada does not have peat supply concerns, the industry is looking for ways to accelerate peat bog regeneration. Until recently, peat bogs have been left to regenerate, a process that can take up to 20 years. New research in ways to restore bogs quickly, indicates that time can be shortened to five to eight years.


Bogs as carbon stores

Bogs as Carbon Stores

  • A bog is the biggest natural store of carbon.

    Peat is rich in fossil carbon, removed from the atmosphere by

    plants and accumulated over thousands of years.

    Drainage and destruction of raised bogs results in the rapid

    loss of the stored carbon in the form of greenhouse gases

    (carbon dioxide and methane), as the peat decomposes.

  • Kyoto agreement imposes regulations and financial penalties on countries who ignore impact on the environment


Effects of carbon emission

Effects of Carbon emission

  • Once a peat bog dries out, it starts emitting carbon by giving off carbon dioxide gas (CO2) and methane into the atmosphere, and by releasing it into rivers and streams in the form of dissolved organic carbon (DOC).

  • Bogs hold staggering amounts of carbon - estimated at 455 petagrams, around a third of the world's stock of soil organic carbon. (1 Petagram = 1 Billion Metric Tonnes)

  • If bogs lose more carbon as DOC, this could have serious effects on drinking water supplies. As well as turning water brown, dissolved carbon can interfere with treatment filters and make it more expensive to make water safe to drink.

  • And if peat bogs become badly degraded, there could also be implications for the risk of flooding.


Flora and fauna

Flora and Fauna

Bees

Wetlands


Amenity activities

Amenity Activities

Bird Watching

Bog Tours

Nature Trails

Raised walkways


Bog restoration example quebec canada

Bog Restoration example, Quebec, Canada


Bog restoration steps pics 1

Bog Restoration Steps &Pics 1


Bog restoration steps pics 2

Bog Restoration Steps & Pics 2


Bog restoration steps pics3

Bog Restoration Steps & Pics3


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