THE NEEDS OF VICTIMS OF CRIME
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THE NEEDS OF VICTIMS OF CRIME IN KOREA. EFFECTIVE COUNSELING STRATEGIES & TECHNIQUES. Dr. CHUNG, Keun, Jae Director Kim Chean Neuro-Psychiahr Hospital. INTRODUCTION. Human Rights Social Welfare. Cultural beliefs Tradition Political issues

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THE NEEDS OF VICTIMS OF CRIME

IN KOREA

EFFECTIVE COUNSELING

STRATEGIES & TECHNIQUES

Dr. CHUNG, Keun, Jae

Director

Kim Chean Neuro-Psychiahr

Hospital

피해자지원센터


INTRODUCTION

Human Rights

Social Welfare

Cultural beliefs

Tradition

Political issues

Social situation

Victim Supports

Comprehensive

Substantial

피해자지원센터


THE MEEDS OF VICTIM

Direct services

Safer environment

Schooling

Financial aids

Medical assistance

Physical

Mental

Legal supports

피해자지원센터


CULTARAL FACTORS

Confucian ideology & moral code

Conforming to authority

Avoiding conflict with others

Strict tradition

Male superiority & dominance

Over female

Keep it a secret

As a maternal affection

Feeling of inner hostility

Toward men or authorities

Competitive educational situation

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POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER

Pre-traumatic risk factors

childhood trauma

personality pathology

inadequate family support

female

genetic vulnerability

recent stressful life changes

excessive alcohol drink

poor physical health

financial problems

피해자지원센터


POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER

Stressors

PTSD

actual or threatened death

serious injury

threat to the physical integrity

of self or others

reexperiencing

avoidance and numbing

hyper-arousal

Factors delaying diagnosis of PTSD

cultural prejudice and social stigma

low self esteem or personal relationship

disregard that PTSD is an illness

misdiagnosed

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THE ROLE OF COUNSELING

Learning process

based on mutual trust

generous acceptance

empathic understanding

Complexity

Adaptation skills and coping strategies

Progress as a human being

피해자지원센터


ELEMENTS OF COUNSELING

Unconditional acceptance

Empathic understanding

Attentive listening

Honesty and transparency

Confidentiality

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OBJECTIVES AND GOAL OF COUNSELING

Set for each stage of the counseling process

in view of the cultural background,

value system

and present situation

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COUNSELOR

Expertise and knowledge about the mind

Sound academic background

Extensive field training

Specific personal characteristics

helper, supporter, friend , expert,

advisor

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INTERVIEW SKILLS

Art & skills

Time limited services

Verbal communication

Non verbal communication

Observation skills

Listening skills

Questioning skills

Interpreting skills

Climate setting skills

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SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR KOREAN VICTIM

Historical background of invasion

Social tradition of the hierarchical nature

→ underlying feeling of inferiority

and self-pity

Indirect nature of communication

Extremely fast-paced society

Suppress and conceal

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SPECIAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR KOREAN VICTIM

COUNSELING CHILDREN

COUNSELING ADOLESCENTS

Age and developmental stage

Limited linguistic ability

Worry to unfamiliarity

→ TOOLS

The culture of child rearing

obey, respect, fear

overprotective and dominating parents

→FAMILYSESSIONS

GROUP COUNSELING

School violence

Parental education

COUNSELING THE AGED

Change in the value system and tradition

Interfamilial relationship

→ COMPREHENSIVE SUPPORTS

피해자지원센터


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