Ser o estar
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¿Ser o Estar?. aka To Be? or To Be?. A Basic Guide for using the verbs that express to be in Spanish. Expressing “to be” in Spanish.

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¿Ser o Estar?

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Ser o estar

¿Ser o Estar?

aka To Be? or To Be?

A Basic Guide for using the verbs that express to be in Spanish.

Steven Johnson, American Language Academy, A.C. September 19,2005


Expressing to be in spanish

Expressing “to be” in Spanish

Spanish has two verbs that mean the same in English as the English verb to be: ser and estar. They are used in different instances. The pages that follow illustrate the conjugation of each verb as well as the most common uses of both verbs.


Ser o estar

ser

(yo) soy (nosotros) (as) somos

(tú) eres

él ellos

ella es ellas son

usted ustedes

(yo) estoy (nosotros) (as) estamos

(tú) estás

él ellos

ella está ellas están

usted ustedes

estar


Ser o estar

Ser

La casa de Carla es de madera. (material composition)

Carla es de México. (origen)

Es el libro de Carla. (possession)

profession

Soy maestro.

time,date,day

Mi hermano es gracioso.

Adjectives (NOT result of change)

Es católica.

Son las 2:30.

Es el 23 de mayo.

Tu coche es verde.


Estar

Estar

many expressions…

location,position

Paris está en Francia.

Estoy de vacaciones!

El perro está al lado del gato.

Está conforme. Está inconforme.

Adjectives (result of change)

La ventana está cerrada.

Marc está aburrido.

Miguel está enfermo.


Ser or estar

Ser or Estar…

That is the question!


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