Radical reconstruction
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Radical Reconstruction. . Grab a Robert Smalls Reconstruction Hero Article and Read Prepare for notes. Of Race and Racism. Think Pair Share Activity. 2 Minutes Define the term Race 2 Minutes Meet with Elbow Partner, Discuss, Come up with a working Definition 2 Minutes

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Radical Reconstruction

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Radical Reconstruction

.

Grab a Robert Smalls Reconstruction Hero Article and Read

Prepare for notes


Of Race and Racism


Think Pair Share Activity

  • 2 Minutes

    • Define the term Race

  • 2 Minutes

    • Meet with Elbow Partner, Discuss, Come up with a working Definition

  • 2 Minutes

    • Write definition on the Board


Race

  • A social construct

  • A definition created or formed by society

  • Definition: race (n) a human population considered distinct based on physical characteristics.

  • No Scientific Basis


Definitions

  • The belief or attitude or both that certain human groups are--by virtue of heredity--physically, intellectually, and otherwise inherently and collectively superior to other groups and that this innate superiority is a determining factor in social affairs.

    Dictionary of Concepts in History

  • with racism - human groups determined by skin color and physical characteristics


The Importance of Reconstruction

The 13th 14th and 15th Amendments


Goals

  • Racial Equality

  • African American Enfranchisement

  • Build Political Power Base


Radical Reconstruction

  • “Radical” in terms of rebuilding society in our nation

  • End Southern society and its divergent view on the nation

  • Rebuild country’s society


What Was Southern Society Like Before Reconstruction?


The Reconstruction Amendments

  • 13th – Ends Slavery

  • 14th – Citizenship to all peoples of color, race and nationality, except Native Americans

  • 15th – Cannot Deny Vote Based on Color


Advances in Politics

  • Power to vote allowed for election of African Americans

  • Made most impact at local level

  • What do local governments do?


Reconstructing State Governments

  • help write new state constitutions

  • establish public school system

  • pass civil rights laws, eradicate slavery

  • abolish imprisonment for debt, divorce laws

  • legislation to rebuild infrastructure and attract commerce


At the National Level

  • 16 Representatives

  • 2 Senators


African Americans in the Government

  • 1,500 public offices held


Robert Smalls Filmstrip Activity

  • Create a 6 panel cartoon strip of highlights of Robert Smalls’s life


Warm Up

  • Take out a Textbook

  • Open to the 13th Amendment

  • Read Amendments 13, 14, 15

  • Also, prepare for notes


The Reconstruction Amendments

The 13th 14th and 15th Amendments


The Reconstruction Amendments

  • 13th – Ends Slavery

  • 14th – Citizenship to all peoples of color, race and nationality, except Native Americans

  • 15th – Cannot Deny Vote Based on Color


Reconstruction of Society

  • Previously only the white minority held power to vote

  • African Americans gain ability to vote, become the powerful in South


Effect of Reconstruction Amendments

  • The definition of who are citizens in this country broadens

  • Now includes African American men


The 13th Amendment

  • Emancipation

  • Ends All Slavery/Involuntary Servitude in The United States except as punishment for a crime


The 14th Amendment

  • 5 Sections

    • Section 1 – Rights of Citizens, including nationalization, and guarantee of life and liberty and property

    • Section 2 – Representation in Congress, repeals 3/5

    • Section 3 – Punishment for Confederates

    • Section 4 – Assumption of Federal Public Debt

    • Section 5 – Congress has power to enforce however needed


The 14th Amendment

  • Finally commits the United States to the ideals of the Declaration of Independence

  • “Life, Liberty and Property”

  • Sets goal towards all men are created equal


15th Amendment

  • “Cannot deny vote based upon race”

  • Believed power of vote would allow African Americans to protect themselves


Aiding in Emancipation

The Freedman’s Bureau


The Freedman’s Bureau

  • Former name was the Bureau of Refugees, Freedman and Abandoned Lands

  • Designed to help rebuild post war South

  • Run by the War Department


The Freedman’s Bureau

  • The Bureau supervised all relief and educational activities relating to refugees and freedmen, including issuing rations, clothing and medicine.

  • The Bureau also assumed custody of confiscated lands or property in the former Confederate States, border states, District of Columbia, and Indian Territory.


40 Acres and Mule

  • The initial goal of the Freedman’s Bureau was aid the Freedman by redistributing Confederate land to former slaves

  • Why would the Bureau distribute land?


The Freedman’s Bureau

  • In the end (ultimately) was a failure

  • Its efforts were hurt by corruption, greed, and lenient terms of land confiscation and redistrubution

  • Very few Freedman received their 40 acres and a mule

  • How would this hurt African Americans in the South?


Freedman’s Bureau Worksheet


Warm Up


Warm Up

  • Take the Packet from the Front

  • Take the Voting Rights Test


Disenfranchisement

  • Elite Southerners begin to take away African American Political Power and regain their own power

    • Take away voting rights

    • Make economic security impossible

    • Campaign of Violence


The Retreat

  • Southern Whites and Former Confederates angered at loss of power

  • Had to figure out how to get power back

  • Manufactured myths about African American Politicians


Elite southerners

  • obstruct Reconstruction - maintain economic control

  • sharecropping, convict lease, and lien system

  • land never redistributed

  • emphasized white superiority

  • support from poor white southerners

  • deny black political power

  • terror and violence


Myths of “Redemption”

  • black politicians dominated state governments

  • justify overthrow - manufactured twin myths - corruption and ignorance

  • necessary to cheat and kill to restore “honest” government

  • myths perpetuated by successive generations of historians

  • era of corruption


Real fears

  • honesty not corruption, brilliance not ignorance

  • good black government not bad black government

  • Southerners conclude monstrous crime of Reconstruction was equality, violation of American caste system


Losing the Vote

  • Reflect on the Literacy Test

    • Poll Tax

    • “Grandfather Clause”


Economic Disenfranchisement

  • Planters wanted to recreate a legal system like slavery

  • Create Sharecropping

    • African Americans rent fields for a share of their crops

    • Primary Source: A Sharecropping Contract


Disenfranchisement: Violence

  • Northerners retreat from protection and occupation

  • Southerners use violence to stop voting and prosperity


Violence

  • Primary Source: KKK Victims


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