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أنت وعالم الجراثيم PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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أنت وعالم الجراثيم. علم البكتريا الصورة الكبيرة. المعرفة. ماذا؟ لماذا ؟ وكيف؟ ماذا يعني؟ فيما يختص بالمجالات الأخرى تطبيق؟ العالم ومعنى الحياة. ماهو الميكروبيولوجي؟. مايكرو: متناهي الصغر لكي يرى بالعين المجردة بيو: حياة لوجي: علم دراسة

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أنت وعالم الجراثيم

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Bacteriology

Protozoology

Phycology

Parasitology

Mycology

Virology

==


5

  • 4. Protista

  • 5. Monera (Bacteria and Cyanobacteria)

  • Eukaryotic vs. Prokaryotic


5


  • :

  • Homo sapien

  • Felisdomestica

  • Escherichia coli

  • ,


-

  • 1%

  • 4%

  • 95%


  • :

    • ,

    • , ,

    • , ,


    • Penicilliumnotatum

  • 1928:


  • :

    • :

    • :

  • :

    • : . ( )

    • : ( )


  • :


    • : ( )


  • :


  • .

    • Bacillus thuringiensis

    • Bollworms

    • corn borers


  • 1989

  • :

    • 1. Pseudomonas

    • 2. Bacillus


DNA,


  • .

  • , , .


  • - -

  • - -

  • - -

  • - -

  • - -

  • - -


  • Robert Hooke (1665)

    • :


Anton van Leeuwenhoek 1674

wee animalcules


  • ()

    • :


  • Rudolph Virchow 1858

    :


(1861)

, . (1) . (2) . (3) .


:

()

:


Robert Koch (1876)

    • Kochs Postulates





b. Mycobacterium leprae- Leprosy

,



3

  • Vibriocholerae

  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis

  • Bacillus anthracis


Bacillus anthracis

  • , ,

  • Streptobacilli with central spores

  • Livestock

    • Sheep, cattle, goats

  • Humans

    • Handle hides, wool, goat hair, handicrafts from the Middle East made from animal products


    • (1-3 )

    • 20%


    • , , ,

    • 25-60 %


    • 1-2

    • 99%


  • ( 60 )

    • , , ,

  • (24-48 )


  • ( )


(1857-1914)

  • Pasteur

  • Joseph Lister

  • Robert Koch

  • Edward Jenner

  • Paul Erlich

    • ( )


  • :

  • :


  • ,

  • Bacilli

  • Cocci

  • Spiral

  • Vibrio



  • :Stella

  • Haloarcula



  • Staphylo:

  • Strepto:

  • Diplo:

  • Sarcinae: 8

  • Tetrad : 4


:

  • :

  • :


  • Spherical= coccus [cocci]

    Rods = bacillus [bacilli]

    Spiral= spirochete

    Comma= vibrio

    Irregular/complex


    Irregular/complex = Most of Eukaryotes cells


    virulent factor

    movement = taxis

    attachment





    Figure 1.1


    Staphylococcus aureus

    Staphylococcus epidermidis

    Streptococcus pneumoniae

    Vibrio cholerae

    Rhodospirillium rubrum

    Bacillus subtilis

    Micrococcus luteus

    Escherichia coli

    Bacillus anthrasis

    Salmonella enteridis

    Streptococcus pyogenes

    Steptococcus lactis

    Streptococcus faecalis

    Erlichia canis

    Campylobacter jujuni

    Helicobacter pylori

    Enterobacter aerogenes


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