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أنت وعالم الجراثيم PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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أنت وعالم الجراثيم. علم البكتريا الصورة الكبيرة. المعرفة. ماذا؟ لماذا ؟ وكيف؟ ماذا يعني؟ فيما يختص بالمجالات الأخرى تطبيق؟ العالم ومعنى الحياة. ماهو الميكروبيولوجي؟. مايكرو: متناهي الصغر لكي يرى بالعين المجردة بيو: حياة لوجي: علم دراسة

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أنت وعالم الجراثيم

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Bacteriology

Protozoology

Phycology

Parasitology

Mycology

Virology

==


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5

  • 4. Protista

  • 5. Monera (Bacteria and Cyanobacteria)

  • Eukaryotic vs. Prokaryotic


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5


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  • :

  • Homo sapien

  • Felisdomestica

  • Escherichia coli

  • ,


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-

  • 1%

  • 4%

  • 95%


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  • :

    • ,

    • , ,

    • , ,


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    • Penicilliumnotatum

  • 1928:


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  • :

    • :

    • :

  • :

    • : . ( )

    • : ( )


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  • :


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    • : ( )


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  • :


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  • .

    • Bacillus thuringiensis

    • Bollworms

    • corn borers


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  • 1989

  • :

    • 1. Pseudomonas

    • 2. Bacillus


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DNA,


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  • .

  • , , .


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  • - -

  • - -

  • - -

  • - -

  • - -

  • - -


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  • Robert Hooke (1665)

    • :


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Anton van Leeuwenhoek 1674

wee animalcules


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  • ()

    • :


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  • Rudolph Virchow 1858

    :


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(1861)

, . (1) . (2) . (3) .


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:

()

:


Robert koch 1876

Robert Koch (1876)

    • Kochs Postulates


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b. Mycobacterium leprae- Leprosy

,


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3

  • Vibriocholerae

  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis

  • Bacillus anthracis


Bacillus anthracis

Bacillus anthracis

  • , ,

  • Streptobacilli with central spores

  • Livestock

    • Sheep, cattle, goats

  • Humans

    • Handle hides, wool, goat hair, handicrafts from the Middle East made from animal products


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    • (1-3 )

    • 20%


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    • , , ,

    • 25-60 %


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    • 1-2

    • 99%


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  • ( 60 )

    • , , ,

  • (24-48 )


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  • ( )


1857 1914

(1857-1914)

  • Pasteur

  • Joseph Lister

  • Robert Koch

  • Edward Jenner

  • Paul Erlich

    • ( )


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  • :

  • :


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  • ,

  • Bacilli

  • Cocci

  • Spiral

  • Vibrio


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  • :Stella

  • Haloarcula


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  • Staphylo:

  • Strepto:

  • Diplo:

  • Sarcinae: 8

  • Tetrad : 4


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:

  • :

  • :


  • 2270337

    Spherical= coccus [cocci]

    Rods = bacillus [bacilli]

    Spiral= spirochete

    Comma= vibrio

    Irregular/complex


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    Irregular/complex = Most of Eukaryotes cells


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    virulent factor

    movement = taxis

    attachment


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    Figure 1.1


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    Staphylococcus aureus

    Staphylococcus epidermidis

    Streptococcus pneumoniae

    Vibrio cholerae

    Rhodospirillium rubrum

    Bacillus subtilis

    Micrococcus luteus

    Escherichia coli

    Bacillus anthrasis

    Salmonella enteridis

    Streptococcus pyogenes

    Steptococcus lactis

    Streptococcus faecalis

    Erlichia canis

    Campylobacter jujuni

    Helicobacter pylori

    Enterobacter aerogenes


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