Trends in cctld s and models of operation
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Trends in ccTLD’s and models of operation. Oscar Robles Chairman of the Board Latin American and Caribbean ccTLDs Kuala Lumpur 23.07.2004. Contents. LACTLD origins Composition of LACTLD Two Core Functions…Two Main Clients How To Deal With? Conclusions. LACTLD origins.

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Trends in cctld s and models of operation

Trends in ccTLD’s and models of operation

Oscar Robles

Chairman of the Board

Latin American and Caribbean ccTLDs

Kuala Lumpur 23.07.2004


Contents

Contents

  • LACTLD origins

  • Composition of LACTLD

  • Two Core Functions…Two Main Clients

  • How To Deal With?

  • Conclusions


Lactld origins

LACTLD origins

  • It was 1998, and the Internet Forum for the White Paper meeting was held in Buenos Aires.

  • Born in Buenos Aires, Argentina as a communication and information exchange forum for the LAC ccTLDs.

  • Legally incorporated as a not for profit international organization in the República Oriental del Uruguay in 2004.

  • Started with thirteen members, now seventeen.


Composition of lactld

Composition of LACTLD

  • Current Members: bo, br, cl, co, cr, cu, do, gt, hn, mx, ni, pa, pe, py, sv, uy

  • Different Structures

    • .cl; .co.cr; com.br; web.ve

  • Different Organizations

    • By the government: .ar

    • With direct government involvement: .br, .cr, .cu, .bo

    • By academical/research institutions: .cl, .co, .do, .gt, .mx, .ni, .pa, .pe, .sv, .uy

    • By ONG’s: .hn

  • More than 1.4 million domain names.


Two core functions

Two Core Functions…

  • Domain name registrations under the ccTLD

    • Customer Service / Help Desk

    • Registration and Maintenance procedings

    • Payment procedings

    • Information and Communication procedings

    • Physical Infraestructure to offer service

    • Databases

    • Policies for domain name registration

    • Policies for domain name dispute resolution


Two core functions1

Two Core Functions…

  • Domain name resolution services under the ccTLD.

    • To establish the appropriate technical infrastructure to support the service

    • Management of the infrastructure

  • Highly critic service to attend in a precisely basis… always and serveral million-times a day!.


Two main clients

…Two Main Clients

  • Local Internet Community (LIC)

    • Direct clients

    • Industry

    • Government

  • Global Internet Community (GIC)

    • ICANN/IANA

    • RIRs

    • TLDs

    • IETF


How to deal with

How To Deal With?

  • Attending the global (mostly technical) resolutions to ensure the interoperability of our services.

    • RFC: Request For Comments. Since April 1969. Almost 4 thousand documents released.

    • RFC 1591: Domain Name System Structure and Delegation.


How to deal with1

How to Deal with?

  • Why?

  • In order to keep updated the level of services in a ccTLD

  • Environment of competition

  • Many choices for end users


How to deal with2

End User Services

Bandwidth, Hardware, Software, Data Bases, R&I.

Attending LIC and GIC needs keeping interoperability

Technological Infrastructure

Certainity

and Stability

Stability in the organization manager of the ccTLD and support from the LIC.

How To Deal With?


How to deal with3

gTLDs: ICANN (GIC)

.com

.net

.org

.info

.biz

.name

.pro

.museum

.coop

.aero

Global Internet

Community

(GIC)

How To Deal With?

ccTLDs (LIC)

ccTLDs: ICANN (GIC)

.ar

.br

.cl

.co

.fr

.jp

.mx

.uk

.us

.uy

Local

Internet

Community

(LIC)

Global Internet

Community

(GIC)

GIC


Conclusions

Conclusions

  • One Key Success Factor of the Internet is INTEROPERABILITY!

  • Internet can NOT allow isolation!

  • The ccTLDs must follow the technical standars defined by consensus in organizations like:

    • IETF(Internet Engineering Task Force).

    • ICANN(Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers).


Conclusions1

Conclusions

  • The internet resources management requires the governments participation

  • Governments should jump into this positive inertia through the Government Advisory Committee (GAC) of ICANN.

  • This is the only way to ensure the most fundamental for the Internet users in the world: Stability and Interoperability.


Trends in cctld s and models of operation1

Trends in ccTLD’s and models of operation

Oscar Robles

Chairman of the Board

Latin American and Caribbean ccTLDs

Kuala Lumpur 23.07.2004


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