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Singapore WSH Research Agenda ( 2011‐2016) and global/regional/local need to change. Dr Jukka Takala Executive Director Workplace Safety and Health Institute 9 October 2013. About WSH Institute . Research Agenda and needs Singapore priorities G lobal and EU needs

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Singapore WSH Research Agenda (2011‐2016)and global/regional/local need to change

Dr Jukka Takala

Executive Director

Workplace Safety and Health Institute

9 October 2013


About WSH Institute

  • Research Agenda and needs

  • Singapore priorities

  • Global and EU needs

  • Burden of disease and injury, economic burden, competitiveness

Research for solutions

Strategies, programmes, new paradigm, or business as usual?


What we do

Singapore’s WSH Framework

Progressing WSH in Singapore

OSHD

WSHC

WSHI

Occupational Safety & Health Division

Workplace Safety & Health Council

Workplace Safety & Health Institute

REGULATOR

Legislation, Policies, Compliance Assistance & Enforcement

INDUSTRY PARTNER

Educating & Engaging Stakeholders, Promoting WSH

THINK TANK

Charting New Grounds for WSH Excellence and Innovation


About WSH Institute

  • Research Agenda and needs

  • Singapore priorities

  • Global and EU needs

  • Burden of disease and injury, economic burden, competitiveness

s

s

Research for solutions

Strategies and programmes, new paradigm, or business as usual?


National Research Agenda (2011-2016)

  • To provide researchers with useful directions and guidelines for participating in WSH research.

  • Through the research agenda, WSH Institute will:

    • Provide solutions that address local WSH needs;

    • Raise WSH standards and capabilities in Singapore;

    • Provide a systematic approach to deal with emerging WSH issues;

    • Reduce WSH costs and increase productivity.

A Leading Institute for WSH Knowledge and Innovations


National Research Agenda (2011-2016)

Research priority list generated internally

(MOM and WSHC)

Input from stakeholders & experts

(Questionnaires for Wider Group, followed by Focus Groups)

Draft of WSH Research Agenda

Review by Steering Committee and IAP

Public comment and review

Singapore WSH research priorities 2011-16

A Leading Institute for WSH Knowledge and Innovations


National Research Agenda (2011-2016)

Available for download from WSH Institute website @ www.wshi.gov.sg

A Leading Institute for WSH Knowledge and Innovations


National Research Agenda (2011-2016)

Research Priorities (2011-2016)

Research Priorities are grouped into 2 Distinct Research Themes:

(1) Business and organisational aspects of WSH

(2) WSH risks and solutions

These encompass a combination of top down and bottom up approaches to tackle the WSH issues faced by the industry.

A Leading Institute for WSH Knowledge and Innovations


Research Priorities (1)

  • Theme 1: Research on Business and Organizational Aspects of WSH

A Leading Institute for WSH Knowledge and Innovations


Research Priorities with Greater Focus

(2011 to 2013)

A Leading Institute for WSH Knowledge and Innovations


Research Priorities (2)

Theme 2: Research on WSH Risks and Solutions

A Leading Institute for WSH Knowledge and Innovations


Research Priorities with Greater Focus

(2011 to 2013)

A Leading Institute for WSH Knowledge and Innovations


Current Research Projects

  • Theme 1: Business and Organizational Aspects of WSH

A Leading Institute for WSH Knowledge and Innovations


Current Research Projects

  • Theme 2: WSH Risks and Solutions


Implementation

The Institute will spearhead these research priorities

through the following avenues:

  • Commissioning of projects on targeted research topics by leading experts

  • Collaborating with research institutes, both local and overseas

  • Conducting research within the Institute

There will be a strong emphasis on industrial applications and solutions for all research work undertaken by the Institute. The Institute will look into targeted studies to address specific or sectoral risks and adopt a systems approach to develop solutions.

A Leading Institute for WSH Knowledge and Innovations


Funding of Research Projects

The WSH Institute will call for research proposals twice a year. Details of the funding, such as the quantum of support, the preferred periods of study and other requirements, will be announced with the request for proposals. The submitted proposals will be evaluated competitively based on the following criteria:

  • Alignment to research agenda

  • Impact on improving WSH standards

  • Critical analysis of the WSH issue of interest

  • Effectiveness of proposed approach / solutions

  • Innovative research-to-practice proposal

  • Enhancement of WSH research capabilities

A Leading Institute for WSH Knowledge and Innovations


International Partners

WSH Institute has forged strong institutional partnerships with various international centres.

  • Signing of Memorandum of Understandings (MOUs) with international partners to cover the following:

    • Visits and exchange programmes to build up staff capabilities;

    • Joint research activities & joint research publications;

    • Organisation of training courses or seminars;

    • Sharing and exchange of WSH info resources.

A Leading Institute for WSH Knowledge and Innovations


Our Partners

Our Local Partners:

Workplace Safety and Health Council

Ministry of Manpower

Our International Partners:

KOSHA (Korea)

IFA (Germany)

NIOSH (USA)

FIOH (Finland)

HSL(UK)

A Leading Institute for WSH Knowledge and Innovations


Work-related Fatalities – World

2.99 billion economically active, 2008 (some data 2003)

Thank You

1 or latest relevant and available data


Work-related Annual Deaths – World

Sources: Hämäläinen P, Takala J,

Saarela KL; TUT, ILO, EU-OSHA, 2008


Work-related Annual Deaths – EU-27

Work-related Annual Deaths –

Pattern in developed countries,

Singapore distribution of fatal illnesses, EU in brackets

Sources: Hämäläinen P, Takala J, Saarela KL; TUT, ILO, WHO, EU-OSHA, WSH Institute Singapore


Occupational cancer
Occupational Cancer

  • UK: 8010 deaths/year (Rushton L. a.o.: Br Journal of Cancer, 2012)

  • UK: ILO Attr.Fractions: 13 300 deaths/year

  • see also V McCormack, J Peto, G Byrnes, K Straif and P Boffetta, BJC 2012

  • USA today: 37 000 – 61 000 deaths/ year

  • EU: 95 600 deaths/ year

  • Singapore: 594 (residents) – 891(total economically active)

  • Sources: http://www.nature.com/bjc/journal/v107/n1s/index.html

  • http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/@ed_protect/@protrav/@safework/documents/publication/wcms_162662.pdf and TUT/WSH Institute/ILO/EU-OSHA documentation

  • http://www.nature.com/bjc/journal/v106/n3/full/bjc2011563a.html

  • http://www.nm.stir.ac.uk/documents/jukka-takala-presentation-25-04-08.pdf



DALYs in men in 2010 byage

Injuries

Transport injuries

Injuries

Musculoskeletal

Musculoskeletal

CVD

Mental/behavioural

disorders

CVD

Mentalhealth

Cancer

Cancer

http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/gbd/visualizations/regional


DALYs in women in 2010 byage

Injuries

Musculoskeletal

Mentalhealth

CVD

Cancer

http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/gbd/visualizations/regional


10 leading causes of Deaths in Western Europe

http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/gbd/visualizations/regional

Murray et al. Lancet 2012,


10 leading causes of DALYs in Western Europe

The disability-adjusted life year (DALY) is a measure of overall disease burden, expressed as the number of years lost due to disability or early death

DALY = YLD (years lived with disability) + YLL (years of life lost)

http://www.healthmetricsandevaluation.org/gbd/visualizations/regional

Murray et al. Lancet 2012, and Kivimaki 2013


Iceland

Japan

Singapore

Sustainable Work Life

SG

And: Jorma Rantanen, WSH Conference Singapore, 2012, and JT


Iceland

New Zealand

Norway, Switzerland

2012

Singapore

Finland

Source: OECD, Statistics Finland, WSH-Institute Singapore


Cost of injury and illness,

ILO: 4 % of Global GDP

4.8 % of GDP in Australia, 2008-09

3.2 % of GDP in Singapore, 2011

EU, USA:

1.8%- 6 % of GDP

source: www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/swa/AboutUs/Publications/CostofWork-relatedInjuryandIllness.htm

http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites/SWA/about/Publications/Documents/660/Cost%20of%20Work-related%20injury%20and%20disease.pdf

www.wshi.gov.sg

A Leading Institute for WSH Knowledge and Innovations


Competitiveness and WSH: World (selected countries)

Source: WSH Institute and World Economic Forum 2012-2013

http://www3.weforum.org/docs/WEF_GlobalCompetitivenessReport_2012-13.pdf


About WSH Institute

  • Research Agenda and needs

  • Singapore priorities

  • Global and EU needs

  • Burden of disease and injury, economic burden,competitiveness

s

s

Research for solutions

Strategies, programmes, new paradigm, or business as usual?


Challenge, not just for today but for life – paradigm change

  • To achieve a sustainable working life

  • Search for policies, strategies, programmes, profiles

  • Good Work!

  • A holistic approach, protection, prevention, promotion, leaders and population cultures

http://www.theworkfoundation.com/DownloadPublication/Report/316_Good%20Work%20High%20Performance%20and%20Productivity.pdf

http://www.theworkfoundation.com/assets/docs/publications/216_bupa_report.pdf

A Leading Institute for WSH Knowledge and Innovations


PERCEIVED AND REAL RISKS change

PERCEIVED RISK

Evidence 2 Policy

Evidence 2 Practice

Terrorist

attack

Violent

robbery

Mobile

phones

Avian flu

WORK

all

Stock exchange crash

Airline

accident

Glass of vine

Work-

related

Work-

related

Work-

related

Work-

related

Work-

related

Work-

related

Work-

related

Work-

related

Work-

related

Heat wave

REAL RISK

WAR activities,

anywhere

Traffic

Accident

Cancer

Circulatory diseases

WORK

all

Sources: S. Hertlich, M.Hamilo, S.kuvalehti (FI), WHO/ILO/J.Takala


Trends change of mindset
Trends – change of mindset change

Occupational Diseases Are Common

Common Diseases are Occupational



Total Workplace Safety and Health change(OSH Services)

A comprehensive and integrated approach to managing workplace safety and health:

  • To provide and maintain a safe and healthy working environment for all employees.

  • To identify and address WSH risks in a proactive and integrated way with the active participation of employees.

GOVERNMENT

MANAGEMENT

WORKER

SAFETY ISSUES

HEALTH ISSUES

Occupational

Diseases

General

Diseases

Health Promotion

A Leading Institute for WSH Knowledge and Innovations


Research on: changeaccidents – injuries –exposures and solutions …

Design for Safety, Control Banding,

GHS…evidence4action

http://www.asse.org/professionalaffairs_new/PtD/Opening%20Session/Paul%20Schulte.pdf


Research on targets and indicators
Research on targets and indicators change

Zero Harm -

Vision Zero


Research for life
Research changefor Life


Research objective
Research objective change

Zero Harm -

Vision Zero


Conclusion
Conclusion change

Zero Harm -

Vision Zero


Thank You change


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