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Prepared by: for: Victor Ordonez Hong Kong Educational November 2000 Research Association. EDUCATION REFORM: A Case Study and a Regional Overview . I. The Case Study: The Presidential Commission on Educational Reform in the Philippines. EDUCATION REFORM:.

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Prepared by: for: Victor Ordonez Hong Kong Educational November 2000 Research Association

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Prepared by: for:

Victor Ordonez Hong Kong Educational

November 2000 Research Association

EDUCATION REFORM:

A Case Study and

a Regional Overview


I. The Case Study:

The Presidential Commission

on Educational Reform

in the Philippines

EDUCATION REFORM:


I. The Case Study:

The Presidential Commission

on Educational Reform

in the Philippines

II. A Regional Overview

- Reform efforts in Asia

- Lessons from the

collective experience

EDUCATION REFORM:


PREMISES

PROCESS

PRODUCT

THE PRESIDENTIAL COMMISSION

ON EDUCATIONAL REFORM

(Philippines)


PREMISES

  • Challenge of Emerging Demands

  • Broad Definitions: Formal and Nonformal

  • Role of State; Role of Private Sector

  • Values Affecting Philippine Education


PROCESS

Document Research

  • EDCOM (1992)

  • Philippine Education Sector Study

  • Report of UNESCO Delors Commission

  • Medium Term Philippine Development Plan


PROCESS

Consultation with Stakeholders

  • Teachers/Students

  • Staff from DECS, CHED, TESDA

  • Parents and Other Sectors

  • Public Officials

  • Experts and Consultants


Document Research

Consultation with Stakeholders

PROCESS


FIN

GOV

ISTMEOT

Finance

Governance

Sciences

MOI

QA

TDAW

Language

Quality

Teachers


Recommendations not chosen:

Policy already exists

Not budget-feasible

Already proposed as legislation

Calls for further study

Safeguarding procedures


An Agenda for Reform

Nine

Specific

Proposals

PCER


PRODUCT

PROPOSAL NO. 1

Establishment of the National Coordinating Council for Education (NCCE)


PRODUCT

PROPOSAL NO. 2 Rationalization, within a Moratorium Period, of the Creation and Conversion of the State Universities and Colleges


PRODUCT

PROPOSAL NO. 3 Reorientation of the Premises of Financing Public Higher Education


PRODUCT

PROPOSAL NO. 4 Establishment of a One-year Pre-baccalaureate System


PRODUCT

PROPOSAL NO. 5

Faculty Development at the Tertiary Level


PRODUCT

PROPOSAL NO. 6

Strengthening of Teacher Competencies at the Basic Education Level


PRODUCT

PROPOSAL NO. 7

Expansion of the Options for Medium of Instruction in Grade 1 through the Use of the Regional Lingua Franca or the Vernacular


PRODUCT

PROPOSAL NO. 8

Establishment of a National Educational Evaluation and Testing System (NEETS)


PRODUCT

PROPOSAL NO. 9 Establishment of Common Standards of Accreditation Per Discipline


I. The Case Study:

The Presidential Commission

on Educational Reform

in the Philippines

II. A Regional Overview

- Reform efforts in Asia

- Lessons from the

collective experience

EDUCATION REFORM:


Reform Efforts in Asia

* The imperatives of change

* Existing surveys of previous reforms

* Examples: Kazakstan, Jilin, Vietnam,

Thailand, Philippines, Rajastan,etc.


Lessons from the Collective

Experience

* Generic reform vs.

targeted reform

* Reorganization vs. reform

* Intervention reform vs.

inevitable reform

* Administrative reform vs.

pedagogical reform


* Generic reform vs.

targeted reform

- by sub-sector: primary, secondary, university, etc.

- by geography: regions, provinces

- by positive discrimination: low performers, centers of excellence

- by functional area: textbook provision, curriculum, school supervision


Lessons from the Collective

Experience

* Generic reform vs.

targeted reform

* Reorganization vs. reform

* Intervention reform vs.

inevitable reform

* Administrative reform vs.

pedagogical reform


* Reorganization vs. reform

- The anatomy, physiology, and pathology of organizations

- Reorganization requirements; reform requirements

- Examples


Lessons from the Collective

Experience

* Generic reform vs.

targeted reform

* Reorganization vs. reform

* Intervention reform vs.

inevitable reform

* Administrative reform vs.

pedagogical reform


* Intervention reform vs.

inevitable reform

- Timing; authorship

- Methodology: top-down or bottom-up; deductive vs. inductive

- Role of legislation, bureaucracy, stakeholders, civil society


Lessons from the Collective

Experience

* Generic reform vs.

targeted reform

* Reorganization vs. reform

* Intervention reform vs.

inevitable reform

* Administrative reform vs.

pedagogical reform


* Administrative reform vs.

pedagogical reform

- Efficiency or effectiveness

- The bureaucracy or the classroom

- Content or delivery

- Today’s student: his/her new learning needs; his/her new way of thinking and learning


Lessons from the Collective

Experience

* Generic reform vs.

targeted reform

* Reorganization vs. reform

* Intervention reform vs.

inevitable reform

* Administrative reform vs.

pedagogical reform


Prepared by: for:

Victor Ordonez Hong Kong Educational

November 2000 Research Association

EDUCATION REFORM:

A Case Study and

a Regional Overview


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