Elastic String Theory for a 3-D World

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Elastic String Theory for a 3-D World. By Kelland Terry, Ph.D. If we live in a 3-D world, I conclude:. A force field is not a religious event. A force field is not a metaphysical event. If true, A force field must be composed of matter.

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### Elastic String Theory for a 3-D World

By Kelland Terry, Ph.D.

If we live in a 3-D world, I conclude:
• A force field is not a religious event.
• A force field is not a metaphysical event.

If true,

• A force field must be composed of matter.
• A force field must have strong elastic properties.
MASS CANNOT BE DESTROYED

Mass has perfect cohesion

TWO FUNDAMENTAL PROPERTIES OF ELASTIC STRINGS

Perfect elasticity

Perfect cohesion

String begins as a virtual particle

Electrons photons quarks

Virtual particle

• Virtual refers to brief existence.
• Ejected with great velocity, 1023 m/s
• .Explains entanglement
• Very dense
• Remains attached to its source
VIRTUAL ELASTIC STRINGS

Electron, photon, or quark

Virtual particle

Virtual elastic string

1023 m/s

• Particle’s momentum stretches string.
• The greater the distance the particle travels the greater the stretch.
RETRACTION OF ELASTIC STRINGS

Electron, photon, or quark

Virtual elastic string

• String collapses and retracts simultaneously along its entire length.
• Retraction is much faster than ejection.
EARTH ALMOST ENTIRELY EMPTY SPACE

Size of planet Earth without empty space

Strings are composed of matter and are mostly empty space.

A graviton stretched across the Milky Way Galaxy is merely composed of a little more empty space.

STRONG NUCLEAR FORCE

Gluons hold quarks together

POW!

gluons

Blown apart

reunite

3 quarks

Stretched gluons

• The farther the quarks are separated the greater the force pulling them back together
• Gluons behave like elastic strings
Gravitons in the Milky Way

star

Proposed dark matter

225,000 m/s

300,000 light years

Virtual particle travels 10 fold greater distance.

It stretches graviton 10 fold.

Gravity appears to be insufficient

Center of galaxy

225,000 m/s

star

31,000 light years

Gravitons obey universal law of gravitation

ELECTRONS IN ORBIT

Virtual particle travels 7 fold greater distance. Stretches string 7 fold.

Electron

2 x 106 m/s

7r

Force necessary to keep electron in orbit is 7 fold greater than the calculated electric force of attraction.

Proton

Force necessary to keep electon in orbit is slightly greater than the calculated force of attraction.

r

Elastic strings

Electron in ground state; 2 x 106 m/s

CONCLUSION

1. Force fields have strong elastic properties

2. Any unified field theory must include elastic properties.

STRING SPECIFICITY

Requires two attributes

• Size of string.
• Composition of string.
SIZE OF STRINGS
• Gluons
• Magnons
• Electons (kt), large number
• Gravitons, vast numbers

Decreasing mass

Size of string dictates the kind of string and its energy

Photon’s Electric and Magnetic Properties

James Maxwell, 1864

b2

b2

1/2 eo E2 =

½

= mO eo

mo

E2

energy

energy

Taking square root and rearranging

1

E

=

= c

b

mO eo

electons

E

=

=

299,792,458.000

magnons

b

TWO POSSIBLE COMPOSITIONS

Examples

• Negative and positive electric fields
• North and south pole magnetic fields

Best explained if the electron consists of two spheres

EVIDENCE FOR TWO SPHERES

e-electons

proton

Electron in orbit

p-electons

• Bound to only one sphere dictates orientation
• The electron can only spin up or down

ELECTRON MODEL

Northsphere

n-magnons

n-goo

negative field:e-electons (2 units)

gravitons

positive field:p-electons (1 unit)

s-goo

South sphere

s-magnons

• Electron spins rapidly.
• Winds graviton up like a fishing line on a reel.
• Keeps electron as two spheres
FORCE OF ATTRACTION

p-electon virtual particle

e-electon virtual particle

Resist being retracted

Proton

Electron

p-electon

e-electon

collapses and retracts.

collapses and retracts.

Retracting strings

FORCE OF REPULSION

Identical strings meet

e-electons

electron

electron

BAM

BAM

Billions of virtual particles crash against electrons

e-electons

GRAVITONS

n-graviton

s-graviton

• Two strings bond and become one
• Graviton created is a neutral string
• Completes force field symmetry
• North and south pole magnetic fields
• Positive and negative electric fields
• N-goo and S-goo graviton fields
What causes gravity?

Earth

gravitons

Sun

Electrons and quarks going through their string cycles

Something must grab and hold the graviton.

SELF INDUCING FORCES

n-magnons

electons

gravitons

gravitons

Billions of e-electons

Billions of p-electons

electron

magnons

Greatdensity

s-magnons

EJECTION OF STRINGS

n-magnons

gravitons

Billions of e-electons

Virtual particles ejected

Billions of p-electons

Condensed electron

s-magnons

STATIC GRAVITONS

Trapped by quark or electron

Earth

Sun

Trapped by quark or electron

Sun and Earth connected by non-retracting strings.

A second later all strings have been retracted.

ELECTRON IN ORBIT

1. No electrical force of attraction

2. Electron held in orbit by bound gravitons. Retraction unnecessary

gravitons

Condensed electron

Condensed quarks

No electons

ELECTRON IN ORBIT

electron

Strings

p-electons

Billions of gravitons and other strings

e-electons

Proton

• Maximum electrical force of attraction
• No gravitational force of attraction
CONCLUSIONS
• Force fields behave as though they are elastic strings.
• One last thought
• Elastic string theory embraces experimentation.
DIFFRACTION

Thin wall barrier

New flight path

Original flight path

Elastic string

Photon or electron

• Elastic strings have mass.
• Photons have mass.
Magnetic field deflects Spinning Ping-Pong Balls in Flight

Experiment by Kelland Terry

• Each value (cm) is an Average of 75 balls

OFF Magnetic ON

• 22.92 fields 24.94
• 23.37 24.91
• 23.50 24.86
• 22.27 24.27
• 22.88 25.08
• 24.06 25.91
• 23.07 25.46
• 23.37 25.93
• 22.38 25.10
• 23.20 26.98
• All Balls 23.102 25.344