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Ethnic monitoring – possibilities and limitations in a Norwegian context Conference “Tools for Equality” at Antirasistisk senter, 13/4-2010. Kristian Rose Tronstad , researcher, Fafo – Institute for Labour and Social Research.

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Kristian Rose Tronstad , researcher, Fafo – Institute for Labour and Social Research

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Kristian rose tronstad researcher fafo institute for labour and social research

Ethnic monitoring – possibilities and limitations in a Norwegian contextConference “Tools for Equality” at Antirasistisk senter, 13/4-2010

Kristian Rose Tronstad,

researcher,

Fafo – Institute for Labour and Social Research


Ethnic monitoring possibilities and limitations in a norwegian context

Ethnic monitoring – possibilities and limitations in a Norwegian context

  • What is the problem?

    • The Norwegian labour market and participation of immigrants.

  • Ethnic discrimination?

    • Ethnic monitoring and need for ethnic data

  • Ethnic monitoring in Norway

    • Limitations and possibilities in a Norwegian context


  • Employment by age and gender 4q 2008

    Employment by age and gender, 4Q 2008

    Source: Statistics Norway


    Employment by reason for immigration and duration of stay

    Employment by reason for immigration and duration of stay

    Source: Statistics Norway


    Attitudes toward participation in labour market can mothers of children below the age of 3 work

    Attitudes toward participation in labour marketCan mothers of children below the age of 3 work?

    Source: Kavli & Nadem 2009


    Norwegian labour market

    Norwegian labour market

    • Norway has the highest employment rate and lowest unemployment rate in OECD.

      • High participation of both men and women

    • Immigrants in Norway have lower employment rate and higher unemployment rate than natives.

      • Gender-gap, reason for immigration, duration of residence, language, country of origin and discrimination?

    • How much of the difference in labour market participation (or earnings) between immigrants and native born can be explained by discrimination?


    Methods for assessing ethnic discrimiation

    Methods for assessing ethnic discrimiation?

    • Experimental design (situation testing)

    • Statistical analyses of survey data or register data (outcome differences)

    • Attitudinal indicators of discrimination (perceived discrimination)

    • Administrative data (complaints)

    • Ethnic monitoring

    • No single method or single data source can fully capture the nature and extent of ethnic discrimination

      Source: Blank et al. (ed.) (2004) Measuring Racial discrimination. Panel on Methods for Assessing Discrimination. National Research Council of the National Academies. Washingon, D.C.


    What is ethnic monitoring

    What is ethnic monitoring?

    • “Ethnic monitoring” is the process you use to collect, store, and analyse data about people’s ethnic backgrounds.

    • In employment, monitoring lets you examine the ethnic make-up of your workforce and compare this with the data you are using as a benchmark.

    • You can use ethnic monitoring to:

      • highlight possible inequalities;

      • evaluate and remove unfairness or disadvantage.

        Source : Ethnic monitoring – A guide for public authorithies. Equality and Human Rights Commission


    Ethnic monitoring in norway

    Ethnic monitoring in Norway

    • Norway - a comprehensive register society

    • Population register and social statistics.

      • Central Population Register

      • Good data on immigrants’ demography and living conditions

      • ”Ethnic identity” is not self declared, but immigrant bakground and country of birth can be used as a fairly good proxy.

    • Data on enterprises and etablishments.

      • National Register of Business Enterprises in Brønnøysund


    Ethnic monitoring some challenges

    Ethnic monitoring – some challenges

    • Need for information vs. right to privacy

    • Need for information vs. administrative burden on enterprises.

    • Self declared ethnic identity vs. country of origin as proxy (right to self determination?)

    • Enforcement and sanctions?

    Animation: Karine Haaland


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