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Ethnic monitoring – possibilities and limitations in a Norwegian context Conference “Tools for Equality” at Antirasistisk senter, 13/4-2010. Kristian Rose Tronstad , researcher, Fafo – Institute for Labour and Social Research.

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Kristian Rose Tronstad , researcher, Fafo – Institute for Labour and Social Research

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Ethnic monitoring – possibilities and limitations in a Norwegian contextConference “Tools for Equality” at Antirasistisk senter, 13/4-2010

Kristian Rose Tronstad,

researcher,

Fafo – Institute for Labour and Social Research


Ethnic monitoring – possibilities and limitations in a Norwegian context

  • What is the problem?

    • The Norwegian labour market and participation of immigrants.

  • Ethnic discrimination?

    • Ethnic monitoring and need for ethnic data

  • Ethnic monitoring in Norway

    • Limitations and possibilities in a Norwegian context


  • Employment by age and gender, 4Q 2008

    Source: Statistics Norway


    Employment by reason for immigration and duration of stay

    Source: Statistics Norway


    Attitudes toward participation in labour marketCan mothers of children below the age of 3 work?

    Source: Kavli & Nadem 2009


    Norwegian labour market

    • Norway has the highest employment rate and lowest unemployment rate in OECD.

      • High participation of both men and women

    • Immigrants in Norway have lower employment rate and higher unemployment rate than natives.

      • Gender-gap, reason for immigration, duration of residence, language, country of origin and discrimination?

    • How much of the difference in labour market participation (or earnings) between immigrants and native born can be explained by discrimination?


    Methods for assessing ethnic discrimiation?

    • Experimental design (situation testing)

    • Statistical analyses of survey data or register data (outcome differences)

    • Attitudinal indicators of discrimination (perceived discrimination)

    • Administrative data (complaints)

    • Ethnic monitoring

    • No single method or single data source can fully capture the nature and extent of ethnic discrimination

      Source: Blank et al. (ed.) (2004) Measuring Racial discrimination. Panel on Methods for Assessing Discrimination. National Research Council of the National Academies. Washingon, D.C.


    What is ethnic monitoring?

    • “Ethnic monitoring” is the process you use to collect, store, and analyse data about people’s ethnic backgrounds.

    • In employment, monitoring lets you examine the ethnic make-up of your workforce and compare this with the data you are using as a benchmark.

    • You can use ethnic monitoring to:

      • highlight possible inequalities;

      • evaluate and remove unfairness or disadvantage.

        Source : Ethnic monitoring – A guide for public authorithies. Equality and Human Rights Commission


    Ethnic monitoring in Norway

    • Norway - a comprehensive register society

    • Population register and social statistics.

      • Central Population Register

      • Good data on immigrants’ demography and living conditions

      • ”Ethnic identity” is not self declared, but immigrant bakground and country of birth can be used as a fairly good proxy.

    • Data on enterprises and etablishments.

      • National Register of Business Enterprises in Brønnøysund


    Ethnic monitoring – some challenges

    • Need for information vs. right to privacy

    • Need for information vs. administrative burden on enterprises.

    • Self declared ethnic identity vs. country of origin as proxy (right to self determination?)

    • Enforcement and sanctions?

    Animation: Karine Haaland


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