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“The Era of Good Feelings”. James Monroe’s Presidency 1817-1825. The Era of Good Feelings…..What does it mean ?. After the War of 1812, there was a period of peace . This was known as the “Era of Good Feelings” During this time:

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the era of good feelings

“The Era of Good Feelings”

James Monroe’s Presidency 1817-1825

the era of good feelings what does it mean
The Era of Good Feelings…..What does it mean?
  • After the War of 1812, there was a period of peace . This was known as the “Era of Good Feelings”
  • During this time:
  • There were no major political divisions (Federalists had almost disappeared)
  • The war created a sense of National unity
  • Peace
  • = unfortunately this time did not last long 
what happened
What Happened?
  • After the war, sectionalismdeveloped
  • Sectionalism means:
  • Each region of the United States (North, South, West) were very loyal to their region
  • This loyalty and pride in their region caused differences of ideas amongst people of the U.S.
  • What were some of the difficulties caused by sectionalism?
  • Conflicts over slavery=to own or not to?
  • States rights vs. National government=can a state refuse to obey the constitution?
  • Tariffs=high tariffs protect American industry, but then what about those that need to buy stuff from other countries?
  • National Bank= constitutional or unconstitutional?
  • Internal Improvements (like roads, canals, transportation)= costly, and expansion yes or no?
john c calhoun
John C. Calhoun
  • Was a former War Hawk
  • Supported state sovereignty (states should have the power to rule themselves)
  • Opposed high tariffs
  • said high tariffs were unfair to farmers in the South who couldn’t manufacture their own goods and HAD to purchase manufactured items at higher prices
  • Also said tariffs protected inefficient manufacturers
daniel webster
Daniel Webster
  • Worked in the House of Representatives and Senate
  • Supported Tariffs which protected American industries from foreign competition (Protective Tariffs)
  • Supported policies which he believed would strengthen the North
  • Was known as a great orator (speaker)
henry clay
Henry Clay
  • Former War Hawk
  • From Kentucky
  • Speaker of the House of Representatives that represented the Western states
  • Was a negotiator of the Treaty of Ghent
  • Was known as a national leader who tried to resolve sectional disputes through compromise
the missouri compromise 1820
The Missouri compromise 1820
  • The year is 1820
  • Missouri wants to become a state, but there’s a problem:
  • The South wants Missouri to enter as a slave state
  • The North wants Missouri to enter as a free state
  • Then Maine applied for statehood….
  • Henry Clay came up with a solution:
  • Missouri will be a slave state
  • Maine will be a free state
  • And slavery will not be allowed in the remainder of the Louisiana Territory
  • This became known as the
  • Missouri Compromise of 1820
  • (and it kept people happy at least for a while)
foreign affairs the monroe doctrine
Foreign affairs: the Monroe doctrine
  • After the War of 1812, Monroe tried to solve any left over disputes with Britain
  • Both sides agreed to demilitarize (downsize the army to peacetime size)
  • Set northern boundaries of U.S.
  • U.S. gained Florida through the Adams-Onis Treaty
  • The U.S. paid Spanish debts, and got Florida
  • Spain was loosing a lot of its colonies and asked European countries for help
  • President Monroe issued a statement known as the MONROE DOCTRINE which said Europe had NO BUSINESS INTERFERING WITH ANY COLONIES OR COUNTRIES IN THE AMERICAS .
  • North and South America are NO LONGER OPEN FOR COLONIZATION
  • If any European country got involved would mean war with the U.S!