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Rhetorical Analysis Timed Writings. Steps for Analysis. Dissect the prompt. Each rhetorical analysis prompt will have two components. --the rhetorical device (aka DIDLS or other component of the rhetoric web) --the tone, theme, argument, purpose or

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Rhetorical analysis timed writings

Rhetorical Analysis Timed Writings

Steps for Analysis


Dissect the prompt

Dissect the prompt.

  • Each rhetorical analysis prompt will have two components.

    --the rhetorical device (aka DIDLS or other

    component of the rhetoric web)

    --the tone, theme, argument, purpose or

    other main element you are asked to identify

    and to prove


Rhetorical analysis timed writings

RHETORIC WEB

for Argumentation

Explication

Audience

Purpose

LOGOS

ETHOSPATHOS

Organization/Structure/Form

DictionSyntaxImageryFigurative Language


The scarlet letter tw 1

The Scarlet Letter TW #1

In the following passage from The Scarlet Letter, the narrator introduces the reader to the Puritan community of the novel. Read the passage carefully. Then write an essay analyzing how the narrator’s description of the Puritans and their community suggests his attitude toward them. You might consider such elements as selection of detail, manipulation of language, and tone.


The scarlet letter tw 11

The Scarlet Letter TW #1

In the following passage from The Scarlet Letter, the narrator introduces the reader to the Puritan community of the novel. Read the passage carefully. Then write an essay analyzing how the narrator’s use of rhetorical devices to depict the Puritans and their community suggests his tone toward them. You might consider such elements as selection of detail, manipulation of language, and tone.


2 literary element

2. Literary Element

  • The literary element (tone, theme, etc.) or argument (purpose; position) is the primary focus of your assertion. This is what you will PROVE about the text.

  • The literary element is implied in the text by the author’s rhetorical choices—diction, imagery, details, language, syntax, etc.

  • Your specific identification of the author’s choices is your textual proof for your assertion.


3 rhetorical devices

3. Rhetorical Devices

  • The rhetorical devices are the specific choices the author has made to communicate his argument, tone, theme, etc.

  • When discussing style, these devices are your DIDLS.


3 rhetorical devices cont

3. Rhetorical Devices (cont.)

  • Ask yourself the question:

    --What devices help me see the author’s

    tone?

    Hint: The prompt mentioned description.

    --What DIDLS focus on description?

diction

imagery

details


3 rhetorical devices cont1

3. Rhetorical Devices (cont.)

  • Choose the device for which you can quickly identify textual evidence.

  • Diction—

    “awful business”

    “anticipated execution”

    “venerable and awful”

    “good people”

  • What kind of words are these?

“grim rigidity”

Name them.

ironic

contradictory

satiric


Literary element cont

Literary Element (cont.)

  • Think of the literary element as a question:

    What is the tone (author’s attitude) toward the specified subject?

  • Using your tone words from your rhetoric handbook, answer the question.

  • Satire means the author wants to bring about change. The author is critical of the Puritan society so—tone=critical.


4 assertion

4. Assertion

  • Decide how the two elements are connected to create your assertion.

  • Ask yourself the question:

    --How does the diction show the author’s

    tone?

    (Remember to NAME both elements.)

  • The answer (in a complete sentence) becomes your assertion.

  • Your assertion IS your thesis.


4 assertion cont

4. Assertion (cont.)

Example:

—Hawthorne uses satiric diction to define

his critical tone.

Refined example:

—Hawthorne uses satiric diction to criticize the

hypocrisy inherent in the Puritan community.


5 critical essay introduction

5. Critical Essay: Introduction

  • Building backward from your assertion, create an introductory paragraph. (Your thesis should typically be the last sentence of your introduction.)

Nathaniel Hawthorne was a romantic who believed we all must journey inside our hearts to find truth. No external force can define us. If we fail to look inward, our lives become a lie. In his novel The Scarlet Letter, he creates a society of Puritans who hide behind their laws to disguise their real emotions. To expose this travesty,

Hawthorne uses satiric diction to criticize the hypocrisy inherent in the Puritan community.


6 critical essay paragraph 1

6. Critical Essay: Paragraph 1

  • Each body paragraph should consist of:

    —a topic sentence

    —a concrete detail (quote)

    —commentary

    —commentary

    —a concrete detail (quote)

    —commentary

    —commentary (etc.)

    —concluding sentence (final comment)


6 paragraph 1 cont

6. Paragraph 1(cont.)

  • Topic sentence

    Initially, Hawthorne seems to show respect for the Puritan community, but his satiric diction veils his true criticism.


6 paragraph 1 cont1

6. Paragraph 1(cont.)

  • Concrete Detail (Quote)

    He calls the Puritans “good people” even though he has already described their “grim rigidity.”


6 paragraph 1 cont2

6. Paragraph 1(cont.)

  • Commentary

    By using these contrasting images to emphasize his real purpose, Hawthorne shows that these people are not as good as they appear on the surface to be.


6 paragraph 1 cont3

6. Paragraph 1(cont.)

  • Commentary (2)

    In reality, they are a cold and vicious group who are willing to whip a child simply for his unruly behavior.


6 paragraph 1 cont4

6. Paragraph 1(cont.)

  • Concrete Detail (Quote)

    Instead, they are people who are involved in an “awful business” and are awaiting an “anticipated execution.”


6 paragraph 1 cont5

6. Paragraph 1(cont.)

  • Commentary

    Hawthorne’s use of the word “anticipated” implies an eagerness in this community to watch someone die.


6 paragraph 1 cont6

6. Paragraph 1(cont.)

  • Commentary (2)

    The multiple connotations implicit in the word “anticipated” allow Hawthorne to satirize this community more disposed to sentence lesser crimes with death rather than with simple ridicule.


7 and it all comes together

7. And it all comes together…


Rhetorical analysis timed writings

Nathaniel Hawthorne was a romantic who believed we all must journey inside our hearts to find truth. No external force can define us. If we fail to look inward, our lives become a lie. In his novel The Scarlet Letter, he creates a society of Puritans who hide behind their laws to disguise their real emotions. To expose this travesty, Hawthorne uses satiric diction to criticize the hypocrisy inherent in the Puritan community.

Initially, Hawthorne seems to show respect for the Puritan community, but his satiric diction veils his true criticism. He calls the Puritans “good people” even though he has already described their “grim rigidity.”In reality, they are a cold and vicious group who are willing to whip a child simply for his unruly behavior.By using these contrasting images to emphasize his real purpose, Hawthorne shows that these people are not as good as they appear on the surface to be.Instead, they are people who are involved in an “awful business” and are awaiting an “anticipated execution.”Hawthorne’s use of the word “anticipated” implies an eagerness in this community to watch someone die.The multiple connotations implicit in the word “anticipated” allow Hawthorne to satirize this community more disposed to sentence lesser crimes with death rather than with simple ridicule. This harsh treatment of the accused for crimes any person could commit speaks to the hypocritical nature of the Puritans who are eager to condemn others to better themselves.


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