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About Mental illness. Egyptian and Stone Age. A person who was mentally ill would be seen as being possessed by demons or supernatural forces. This person would have got holes bored in his/her head to release the demons, a process called trephination. Ancient Societies.

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About Mental illness

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About mental illness

About Mental illness

About mental illness

Egyptian and Stone Age

A person who was mentally ill would be seen as being possessed by demons or supernatural forces.

This person would have got holes bored in his/her head to release the demons, a process called trephination

About mental illness

Ancient Societies

The literature of ancient Greece and Rome contains evidence of the belief that spirits or demons cause mental illness.

The early Babylonian, Chinese, and Egyptian civilizations also viewed mental illness as possession, and used exorcism—which sometimes involved beatings, restraint, and starvation—to drive the evil spirits from their victim.

About mental illness

Classical Period

Greeks were the first to introduce the belief that humans are capable of understanding and controlling their lives.

The Greek physician Hippocrates believed that all illnesses, including mental illnesses, had natural origins.

About mental illness

Hippocrates classified mental illnesses into categories that included mania, melancholia (depression), and phrenitis (brain fever), and he advocated humane treatment that included rest, bathing, exercise, and dieting.

He believed that the brain was responsible for not only our intellectual abilities but also our emotional problems. This naturalistic type of treatment lasted until 130-200 A. D.

About mental illness

The Middle Ages

Mental illness involved the devil along with demons and witches. People who were viewed as abnormal were executed/tortured or given a “prescription”.

The Islamic world of North Africa, Spain, and the Middle East generally held far more humane attitudes toward people with mental illnesses.

About mental illness

Renaissance- 14th Century

Known for the rise of Humanism.

A cultural rebirth occurred at this time, and the mode of transferring information was now accessible.

.Johann Weyer was considered the first psychiatrist.

He acquired this title because he was a medical doctor,

and he began giving descriptions of medical disorders.

Additionally, he said that people could be bettered by a therapeutic relationship

About mental illness

The Age of Enlightenment

During the Age of Enlightenment, in the 18th and early 19th centuries, people with mental illnesses continued to suffer from poor treatment.

Yet as the public’s awareness of such conditions grew, improvements in care and treatment began to appear.

About mental illness

High standards of hygiene,recreation and work opportunities,

In 1789

To rest peacefully, talk about their problems, and work.

In 1796

Eventually these humane techniques

became widespread in Europe.

About mental illness

Reform in the United States

By the mid-18th century, American physicians came to view mental illnesses as diseases of the brain .

In 1752 The first hospital in American established

Nevertheless, circumstances for most mentally ill people in the United States, especially those who were poor, remained dreadful.

About mental illness

Overcrowded and understaffed, psychiatric hospitals had shifted their treatment approach from moral therapy to warehousing and punishment.

Clifford Whittingham Beers aroused new concern for mentally ill individuals

In 1908

In 1909

Ensure humane treatment of the mentally ill.

About mental illness

Recent Developments

The National Alliance for the Mentally Ill (NAMI) was founded.

In 1972

During the 1980s

Cut back on funding for social services.

Health insurance companies and health maintenance organizationsput stricter limits on mental health care.

About mental illness

Prevent discrimination against people with mental illnesses.

In 1997

In recent years World Health Organization have developed mental health policies that seek to reduce the huge burden of mental illness worldwide.

About mental illness

~S M i L E ~

Thanks for your attention.

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