Greek sculpture
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 55

Greek Sculpture PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 84 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

Greek Sculpture. Claire Wu, Denise, Hughes. Greek Sculpture. The Archaic Period ----Claire&Denise The Classical Period --------Hughes Parthenon&Sculptures -----Claire The Hellenistic Period ------Denise. Similarity& Influence. Greek Proportion Harmony,Perfection

Download Presentation

Greek Sculpture

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Greek Sculpture

Claire Wu, Denise, Hughes


Greek Sculpture

The Archaic Period----Claire&Denise

The Classical Period--------Hughes

Parthenon&Sculptures-----Claire

The Hellenistic Period------Denise


Similarity& Influence

  • Greek Proportion

  • Harmony,Perfection

    Peak:High Classical Style (ca.480-400 B.C.E.)

  • A standard of beauty and excellence

  • Influential to Western cultural expression


The Archaic Periodca.700-480 BCE

1.Influence:Egypt

2.Function: Memorial,Cult statues, and Funeral monument

3.Features:

a. Male Nude

b.Archaic smile

c. freestanding

d.left foot striding out

e. life size or larger


When can I dress up?

Kouros(Male youth ) (Early Archaic)

  • P.112 Figure 5.6

  • Freestanding

  • Unclothed young man

  • Frontal pose

  • Rigid and vertical pose Arms closed to his sides

  • Left foot striding forward

  • body weight shared equally on both feet


Similar: proportion and technique

Different:

1.Greek:nude

Egypt: kilt skirt

2.Greek:freestanding

Egypt: with the slab of stone to support

3.Weight distribution

Greek: even

Egypt:uneven

4.Greek: more realistic

Don’t wanna walk like Egyptian

You! CopyCat!

Greek v.s. Egypt


  • Calf-Bearer:

  • (ca. 575-550 B.C.E)

  • More realistic:

  • abdominal muscles,

  • sensitive bull,

  • semi-precious stone (pearls…etc)

  • More gentle →smile

  • (figure 5.7, p112)


  • Kroisos (Late Archaic)

  • (figure 5.8, p113)

  • The warrior

  • Attention to knee and calf muscles

  • Harmony: stands aggressively

  • forward, but forearms in ward

  • Energy

  • Blissful smile (more)

  • Reflect optimism in early Greeks


The Classical Period

(480-323 B.C.E)


Time line

  • The Early classical period: 480~450 B.C

  • The High Classical age: 450~400 B.C

  • The Late classical period: 400~323 B.C


The classical style

  • Feature

    • The meaning of classical

    • The ideal proportion style

    • Solemn and contemplative

  • Influence:

    • Standard of beauty


The early classical period

  • Compare and contrast between Koisos and Kritos Boy

  • compare and contrast two different cannon


  • Kritios

  • Figure 5.9

  • The classical period

  • Sensuous

  • Weight on his left leg

  • Contrapposto

  • (weight shift)

  • Protrude at juncture

  • No smile

  • Severe Style

Kroisos

Figure 5.8

  • The Archaic period

  • Robust

  • Forearm turn in toward his body

  • Blissful smile


Differences between two cannon

  • The human proportion Figure 5.2

  • Calculated

  • Flexible

  • Symmetry

  • Correspond to human body

  • The Egyptian Cannon

  • Fixed proportion

  • Not calculated


The High Classical age

  • Doryphorus (Spear-Bearer)

  • The Discobolus (Discus-thrower)

  • Zeus


  • Doryphorus

  • (Spear-Bearer )

  • Figure 5.1

  • The embodiment of proportion

  • Ideal warrior athlete

  • Energy

  • Poised

  • Grace


  • The Discobolus

  • By Mylon

  • The captured movement

  • Ideal proportion


  • Zeus

  • Figure 5.10

  • Vigorous action

  • Tense body

  • The length of arms and legs

  • Geometric muscles

  • Symmetrical trapezoids

  • Wavy line


The late classical period

  • Application:Weight Sift and Curve!

  • Compare and contrast between Kore and Aphrodite of Knido


  • Kore

  • Figure 5.11

  • Archaic

  • Ornamental

  • Smiling

  • With clothed

  • Aphrodite of knidos

  • Figure 5.12

  • Late Classical

  • Ideal female style

  • curved

  • Naked

  • Weight Shift


The Parthenon (p.116 Figure5.13)


Greek Architecture:The Parthenon

  • 448-432 BCE

  • Two architects: Ictinus and Kallicrates

  • Sculptor: Phidas

  • Dedication: Athena

  • Religious &Secular Purpose:

    to serve the living, not the dead (Egypt)

  • Human proportion(Golden Ratio), symmetry


The Greek order (p.117. F.5.16)

  • 1.Doric 2.Ionic 3.Corinthian

  • Simple&SevereDelicate----- the most ornate

  • &Ornamental


The Sculpture of the Parthenon (p.119. F.5.18)

  • Location

    1.pediment

    2.metopes

    3.frieze

    (outer wall of cella)

  • Subject: about Athena

  • Feature: High Relief


East pediment of the Parthenon (p.119.f.5.19)


Three Goddesses (p.119.F.5.20)


West pediment of the Parthenon


"Lapith and Centaur" Metopep.120 Figure5.21


“A Group of Young Horsemen”(p.120.F.5.22)from the north frieze


“water bearer, musician, and votaries” from east frieze (p.121.f.5.23)


Hellenistic Age

320-30 B.C.E


The Diffusion of the Classical Style

The Hellenistic Age (“Greek-like”)

  • Alexander the Great (356-323 BCE)

  • Son of Philip of Macedonia, Student of Aristotle

  • An empire: from Greece and Egypt to India

  • After his death,

  • The empire split into three sections:

  • Egypt, Persia, and Macedonia-Greece

  • →starts the Hellenistic Age (300 years)


The Hellenistic World (Map 5.1)

P 126, figure 5.27

(P 126, figure 5.1)


From Hellenic to Hellenistic )希臘語言和文化的

  • Spread of Hellenic希臘人的culture throughout the civilized world

  • →“cosmopolitanism, urbanism, and the blending of Greek, African, and Asian cultures”

  • → “Personal needs & individual emotion

  • over and above the good of community”


Features of Architecture

  • From city to empire

  • →large, monumental

  • Utilitarian Structure: Lighthouse, theaters, libraries

  • Corinthian & Ionic colonnade


The Great Library:

Temple of Muses

“Think Tank”

At Alexandria


The Lighthouse


The Theater


the Alter of Zeus

(Figure 5.28, p127)

  • At Pergamon (180 B.C.E)

  • To celebrate the victory of minor kingdom of Pergamon over Gauls

  • 20-foot high, 300-foot based platform


  • Massive Ionic Colonnade

  • Mythological battle

  • (Olympic gods vs. giants

  • Symbolize the Victory of Intellect

  • Over Barbarians

  • More theatrical in style

  • 誇張的


Athena Battling with Acyoneus

  • Strong light and dark contrast

  • Classical restraint → violent passion

(Figure 5.29, p128)


Hellenistic Sculpture’ Features

  • Private / individual emotion

  • More lifelike & less idealized

  • Fleeting mood & momentary expression

  • Broad the range of subjects:

  • young children to old, even deformed people


Spear-Bearer V.S. Apollo Belvedere


Spear-Bearer V.S. Apollo Belvedere

  • High classical

  • Hellenistic

  • Sensuous nude statue

  • More animated,

  • Feminized,

  • Self-conscious style


Nike of Samothrace

  • Greek goddess

  • Victory

  • Discovered in 1863, now

  • is in the Louvre Museum, Paris

  • Head & arms are missing

(figure 5.31,p129)


  • Carving techniques:

  • dynamic contrasts of light and dark

  • semi-transparent robes

  • Deeply cut drapery

  • Bold display of Vigorous movement


  • Sensuous body as the winged figure strides into the wind

  • Flying & just landed lightly


The Nike of Samothrace in Las Vegas

Caesar Palace


"When we go to battle and win, we say it is NIKE.“ -Greek


Laocoon and His Sons

  • mythological story:

  • priest of Apollo

  • Trojan War

  • Punishment by Gods

  • Excavation in 1506 at Rome

  • Michelangelo praised it, “incredible.”

(figure 5.32, p129)


  • Dramatic moment

  • Tragic role

  • Tortuous pose, stained muscles, and painful expression

  • Sums up the Hellenistic art

  • Memorable symbol:

  • Classical idealism

  • →history


Conclusion:Greek Art: Harmonious and perfect proportion

  • Style: Keeping changing

  • Feature: Humanism&Realism&Idealism

  • More Natural!

  • Clarity, harmony, and proportioned order


Work Cited

  • http://academic.reed.edu/humanities/110Tech/kouroi.html

  • http://www.greeklandscapes.com/greece/athens_museum_archaic.html

  • http://0rz.tw/d91YG

  • http://www-personal.umich.edu/~mxb/archaic_greece.html

  • http://www.sikyon.com/Athens/Parthenon/parthenon_eg.html

  • http://stmail.chna.edu.tw/~b9216003/show.htm

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sculpture_of_Ancient_Greece#Sculpture

    http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/ent/A0858474.html


The End

We luv W.C. !!!!!!!!!


  • Login