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Greek Sculpture. Claire Wu, Denise, Hughes. Greek Sculpture. The Archaic Period ----Claire&Denise The Classical Period --------Hughes Parthenon&Sculptures -----Claire The Hellenistic Period ------Denise. Similarity& Influence. Greek Proportion Harmony,Perfection

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greek sculpture

Greek Sculpture

Claire Wu, Denise, Hughes

greek sculpture1

Greek Sculpture

The Archaic Period----Claire&Denise

The Classical Period--------Hughes

Parthenon&Sculptures-----Claire

The Hellenistic Period------Denise

similarity influence
Similarity& Influence
  • Greek Proportion
  • Harmony,Perfection

Peak:High Classical Style (ca.480-400 B.C.E.)

  • A standard of beauty and excellence
  • Influential to Western cultural expression
the archaic period ca 700 480 bce
The Archaic Periodca.700-480 BCE

1.Influence:Egypt

2.Function: Memorial,Cult statues, and Funeral monument

3.Features:

a. Male Nude

b.Archaic smile

c. freestanding

d.left foot striding out

e. life size or larger

kouros male youth early archaic

When can I dress up?

Kouros(Male youth ) (Early Archaic)
  • P.112 Figure 5.6
  • Freestanding
  • Unclothed young man
  • Frontal pose
  • Rigid and vertical pose Arms closed to his sides
  • Left foot striding forward
  • body weight shared equally on both feet
greek v s egypt
Similar: proportion and technique

Different:

1.Greek:nude

Egypt: kilt skirt

2.Greek:freestanding

Egypt: with the slab of stone to support

3.Weight distribution

Greek: even

Egypt:uneven

4.Greek: more realistic

Don’t wanna walk like Egyptian

You! CopyCat!

Greek v.s. Egypt
slide7

Calf-Bearer:

  • (ca. 575-550 B.C.E)
  • More realistic:
  • abdominal muscles,
  • sensitive bull,
  • semi-precious stone (pearls…etc)
  • More gentle →smile
  • (figure 5.7, p112)
slide8

Kroisos (Late Archaic)

  • (figure 5.8, p113)
  • The warrior
  • Attention to knee and calf muscles
  • Harmony: stands aggressively
  • forward, but forearms in ward
  • Energy
  • Blissful smile (more)
  • Reflect optimism in early Greeks
the classical period

The Classical Period

(480-323 B.C.E)

time line
Time line
  • The Early classical period: 480~450 B.C
  • The High Classical age: 450~400 B.C
  • The Late classical period: 400~323 B.C
the classical style
The classical style
  • Feature
    • The meaning of classical
    • The ideal proportion style
    • Solemn and contemplative
  • Influence:
    • Standard of beauty
the early classical period
The early classical period
  • Compare and contrast between Koisos and Kritos Boy
  • compare and contrast two different cannon
slide13

Kritios

  • Figure 5.9
  • The classical period
  • Sensuous
  • Weight on his left leg
  • Contrapposto
  • (weight shift)
  • Protrude at juncture
  • No smile
  • Severe Style

Kroisos

Figure 5.8

  • The Archaic period
  • Robust
  • Forearm turn in toward his body
  • Blissful smile
differences between two cannon
Differences between two cannon
  • The human proportion Figure 5.2
  • Calculated
  • Flexible
  • Symmetry
  • Correspond to human body
  • The Egyptian Cannon
  • Fixed proportion
  • Not calculated
the high classical age
The High Classical age
  • Doryphorus (Spear-Bearer)
  • The Discobolus (Discus-thrower)
  • Zeus
slide16

Doryphorus

  • (Spear-Bearer )
  • Figure 5.1
  • The embodiment of proportion
  • Ideal warrior athlete
  • Energy
  • Poised
  • Grace
slide17

The Discobolus

  • By Mylon
  • The captured movement
  • Ideal proportion
slide18

Zeus

  • Figure 5.10
  • Vigorous action
  • Tense body
  • The length of arms and legs
  • Geometric muscles
  • Symmetrical trapezoids
  • Wavy line
the late classical period
The late classical period
  • Application:Weight Sift and Curve!
  • Compare and contrast between Kore and Aphrodite of Knido
slide20

Kore

  • Figure 5.11
  • Archaic
  • Ornamental
  • Smiling
  • With clothed
  • Aphrodite of knidos
  • Figure 5.12
  • Late Classical
  • Ideal female style
  • curved
  • Naked
  • Weight Shift
greek architecture the parthenon
Greek Architecture:The Parthenon
  • 448-432 BCE
  • Two architects: Ictinus and Kallicrates
  • Sculptor: Phidas
  • Dedication: Athena
  • Religious &Secular Purpose:

to serve the living, not the dead (Egypt)

  • Human proportion(Golden Ratio), symmetry
the greek order p 117 f 5 16
The Greek order (p.117. F.5.16)
  • 1.Doric 2.Ionic 3.Corinthian
  • Simple&SevereDelicate----- the most ornate
  • &Ornamental
the sculpture of the parthenon p 119 f 5 18
The Sculpture of the Parthenon (p.119. F.5.18)
  • Location

1.pediment

2.metopes

3.frieze

(outer wall of cella)

  • Subject: about Athena
  • Feature: High Relief
slide31

Hellenistic Age

320-30 B.C.E

slide32

The Diffusion of the Classical Style

The Hellenistic Age (“Greek-like”)

  • Alexander the Great (356-323 BCE)
  • Son of Philip of Macedonia, Student of Aristotle
  • An empire: from Greece and Egypt to India
  • After his death,
  • The empire split into three sections:
  • Egypt, Persia, and Macedonia-Greece
  • →starts the Hellenistic Age (300 years)
slide33

The Hellenistic World (Map 5.1)

P 126, figure 5.27

(P 126, figure 5.1)

slide34

From Hellenic to Hellenistic )希臘語言和文化的

  • Spread of Hellenic希臘人的culture throughout the civilized world
  • →“cosmopolitanism, urbanism, and the blending of Greek, African, and Asian cultures”
  • → “Personal needs & individual emotion
  • over and above the good of community”
slide35

Features of Architecture

  • From city to empire
  • →large, monumental
  • Utilitarian Structure: Lighthouse, theaters, libraries
  • Corinthian & Ionic colonnade
slide36

The Great Library:

Temple of Muses

“Think Tank”

At Alexandria

slide39

the Alter of Zeus

(Figure 5.28, p127)

  • At Pergamon (180 B.C.E)
  • To celebrate the victory of minor kingdom of Pergamon over Gauls
  • 20-foot high, 300-foot based platform
slide40

Massive Ionic Colonnade

  • Mythological battle
  • (Olympic gods vs. giants
  • Symbolize the Victory of Intellect
  • Over Barbarians
  • More theatrical in style
  • 誇張的
slide41

Athena Battling with Acyoneus

  • Strong light and dark contrast
  • Classical restraint → violent passion

(Figure 5.29, p128)

slide42

Hellenistic Sculpture’ Features

  • Private / individual emotion
  • More lifelike & less idealized
  • Fleeting mood & momentary expression
  • Broad the range of subjects:
  • young children to old, even deformed people
slide44

Spear-Bearer V.S. Apollo Belvedere

  • High classical
  • Hellenistic
  • Sensuous nude statue
  • More animated,
  • Feminized,
  • Self-conscious style
slide45

Nike of Samothrace

  • Greek goddess
  • Victory
  • Discovered in 1863, now
  • is in the Louvre Museum, Paris
  • Head & arms are missing

(figure 5.31,p129)

slide46

Carving techniques:

  • dynamic contrasts of light and dark
  • semi-transparent robes
  • Deeply cut drapery
  • Bold display of Vigorous movement
slide51

Laocoon and His Sons

  • mythological story:
  • priest of Apollo
  • Trojan War
  • Punishment by Gods
  • Excavation in 1506 at Rome
  • Michelangelo praised it, “incredible.”

(figure 5.32, p129)

slide52

Dramatic moment

  • Tragic role
  • Tortuous pose, stained muscles, and painful expression
  • Sums up the Hellenistic art
  • Memorable symbol:
  • Classical idealism
  • →history
conclusion greek art harmonious and perfect proportion
Conclusion:Greek Art: Harmonious and perfect proportion
  • Style: Keeping changing
  • Feature: Humanism&Realism&Idealism
  • More Natural!
  • Clarity, harmony, and proportioned order
work cited
Work Cited
  • http://academic.reed.edu/humanities/110Tech/kouroi.html
  • http://www.greeklandscapes.com/greece/athens_museum_archaic.html
  • http://0rz.tw/d91YG
  • http://www-personal.umich.edu/~mxb/archaic_greece.html
  • http://www.sikyon.com/Athens/Parthenon/parthenon_eg.html
  • http://stmail.chna.edu.tw/~b9216003/show.htm

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sculpture_of_Ancient_Greece#Sculpture

http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/ent/A0858474.html

slide55

The End

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