Greek sculpture
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Greek Sculpture. Claire Wu, Denise, Hughes. Greek Sculpture. The Archaic Period ----Claire&Denise The Classical Period --------Hughes Parthenon&Sculptures -----Claire The Hellenistic Period ------Denise. Similarity& Influence. Greek Proportion Harmony,Perfection

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Greek Sculpture

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Greek sculpture

Greek Sculpture

Claire Wu, Denise, Hughes


Greek sculpture1

Greek Sculpture

The Archaic Period----Claire&Denise

The Classical Period--------Hughes

Parthenon&Sculptures-----Claire

The Hellenistic Period------Denise


Similarity influence

Similarity& Influence

  • Greek Proportion

  • Harmony,Perfection

    Peak:High Classical Style (ca.480-400 B.C.E.)

  • A standard of beauty and excellence

  • Influential to Western cultural expression


The archaic period ca 700 480 bce

The Archaic Periodca.700-480 BCE

1.Influence:Egypt

2.Function: Memorial,Cult statues, and Funeral monument

3.Features:

a. Male Nude

b.Archaic smile

c. freestanding

d.left foot striding out

e. life size or larger


Kouros male youth early archaic

When can I dress up?

Kouros(Male youth ) (Early Archaic)

  • P.112 Figure 5.6

  • Freestanding

  • Unclothed young man

  • Frontal pose

  • Rigid and vertical pose Arms closed to his sides

  • Left foot striding forward

  • body weight shared equally on both feet


Greek v s egypt

Similar: proportion and technique

Different:

1.Greek:nude

Egypt: kilt skirt

2.Greek:freestanding

Egypt: with the slab of stone to support

3.Weight distribution

Greek: even

Egypt:uneven

4.Greek: more realistic

Don’t wanna walk like Egyptian

You! CopyCat!

Greek v.s. Egypt


Greek sculpture

  • Calf-Bearer:

  • (ca. 575-550 B.C.E)

  • More realistic:

  • abdominal muscles,

  • sensitive bull,

  • semi-precious stone (pearls…etc)

  • More gentle →smile

  • (figure 5.7, p112)


Greek sculpture

  • Kroisos (Late Archaic)

  • (figure 5.8, p113)

  • The warrior

  • Attention to knee and calf muscles

  • Harmony: stands aggressively

  • forward, but forearms in ward

  • Energy

  • Blissful smile (more)

  • Reflect optimism in early Greeks


The classical period

The Classical Period

(480-323 B.C.E)


Time line

Time line

  • The Early classical period: 480~450 B.C

  • The High Classical age: 450~400 B.C

  • The Late classical period: 400~323 B.C


The classical style

The classical style

  • Feature

    • The meaning of classical

    • The ideal proportion style

    • Solemn and contemplative

  • Influence:

    • Standard of beauty


The early classical period

The early classical period

  • Compare and contrast between Koisos and Kritos Boy

  • compare and contrast two different cannon


Greek sculpture

  • Kritios

  • Figure 5.9

  • The classical period

  • Sensuous

  • Weight on his left leg

  • Contrapposto

  • (weight shift)

  • Protrude at juncture

  • No smile

  • Severe Style

Kroisos

Figure 5.8

  • The Archaic period

  • Robust

  • Forearm turn in toward his body

  • Blissful smile


Differences between two cannon

Differences between two cannon

  • The human proportion Figure 5.2

  • Calculated

  • Flexible

  • Symmetry

  • Correspond to human body

  • The Egyptian Cannon

  • Fixed proportion

  • Not calculated


The high classical age

The High Classical age

  • Doryphorus (Spear-Bearer)

  • The Discobolus (Discus-thrower)

  • Zeus


Greek sculpture

  • Doryphorus

  • (Spear-Bearer )

  • Figure 5.1

  • The embodiment of proportion

  • Ideal warrior athlete

  • Energy

  • Poised

  • Grace


Greek sculpture

  • The Discobolus

  • By Mylon

  • The captured movement

  • Ideal proportion


Greek sculpture

  • Zeus

  • Figure 5.10

  • Vigorous action

  • Tense body

  • The length of arms and legs

  • Geometric muscles

  • Symmetrical trapezoids

  • Wavy line


The late classical period

The late classical period

  • Application:Weight Sift and Curve!

  • Compare and contrast between Kore and Aphrodite of Knido


Greek sculpture

  • Kore

  • Figure 5.11

  • Archaic

  • Ornamental

  • Smiling

  • With clothed

  • Aphrodite of knidos

  • Figure 5.12

  • Late Classical

  • Ideal female style

  • curved

  • Naked

  • Weight Shift


The parthenon p 116 figure5 13

The Parthenon (p.116 Figure5.13)


Greek architecture the parthenon

Greek Architecture:The Parthenon

  • 448-432 BCE

  • Two architects: Ictinus and Kallicrates

  • Sculptor: Phidas

  • Dedication: Athena

  • Religious &Secular Purpose:

    to serve the living, not the dead (Egypt)

  • Human proportion(Golden Ratio), symmetry


The greek order p 117 f 5 16

The Greek order (p.117. F.5.16)

  • 1.Doric 2.Ionic 3.Corinthian

  • Simple&SevereDelicate----- the most ornate

  • &Ornamental


The sculpture of the parthenon p 119 f 5 18

The Sculpture of the Parthenon (p.119. F.5.18)

  • Location

    1.pediment

    2.metopes

    3.frieze

    (outer wall of cella)

  • Subject: about Athena

  • Feature: High Relief


East pediment of the parthenon p 119 f 5 19

East pediment of the Parthenon (p.119.f.5.19)


Three goddesses p 119 f 5 20

Three Goddesses (p.119.F.5.20)


West pediment of the parthenon

West pediment of the Parthenon


Lapith and centaur metope p 120 figure5 21

"Lapith and Centaur" Metopep.120 Figure5.21


A group of young horsemen p 120 f 5 22 from the north frieze

“A Group of Young Horsemen”(p.120.F.5.22)from the north frieze


Water bearer musician and votaries from east frieze p 121 f 5 23

“water bearer, musician, and votaries” from east frieze (p.121.f.5.23)


Greek sculpture

Hellenistic Age

320-30 B.C.E


Greek sculpture

The Diffusion of the Classical Style

The Hellenistic Age (“Greek-like”)

  • Alexander the Great (356-323 BCE)

  • Son of Philip of Macedonia, Student of Aristotle

  • An empire: from Greece and Egypt to India

  • After his death,

  • The empire split into three sections:

  • Egypt, Persia, and Macedonia-Greece

  • →starts the Hellenistic Age (300 years)


Greek sculpture

The Hellenistic World (Map 5.1)

P 126, figure 5.27

(P 126, figure 5.1)


Greek sculpture

From Hellenic to Hellenistic )希臘語言和文化的

  • Spread of Hellenic希臘人的culture throughout the civilized world

  • →“cosmopolitanism, urbanism, and the blending of Greek, African, and Asian cultures”

  • → “Personal needs & individual emotion

  • over and above the good of community”


Greek sculpture

Features of Architecture

  • From city to empire

  • →large, monumental

  • Utilitarian Structure: Lighthouse, theaters, libraries

  • Corinthian & Ionic colonnade


Greek sculpture

The Great Library:

Temple of Muses

“Think Tank”

At Alexandria


Greek sculpture

The Lighthouse


Greek sculpture

The Theater


Greek sculpture

the Alter of Zeus

(Figure 5.28, p127)

  • At Pergamon (180 B.C.E)

  • To celebrate the victory of minor kingdom of Pergamon over Gauls

  • 20-foot high, 300-foot based platform


Greek sculpture

  • Massive Ionic Colonnade

  • Mythological battle

  • (Olympic gods vs. giants

  • Symbolize the Victory of Intellect

  • Over Barbarians

  • More theatrical in style

  • 誇張的


Greek sculpture

Athena Battling with Acyoneus

  • Strong light and dark contrast

  • Classical restraint → violent passion

(Figure 5.29, p128)


Greek sculpture

Hellenistic Sculpture’ Features

  • Private / individual emotion

  • More lifelike & less idealized

  • Fleeting mood & momentary expression

  • Broad the range of subjects:

  • young children to old, even deformed people


Greek sculpture

Spear-Bearer V.S. Apollo Belvedere


Greek sculpture

Spear-Bearer V.S. Apollo Belvedere

  • High classical

  • Hellenistic

  • Sensuous nude statue

  • More animated,

  • Feminized,

  • Self-conscious style


Greek sculpture

Nike of Samothrace

  • Greek goddess

  • Victory

  • Discovered in 1863, now

  • is in the Louvre Museum, Paris

  • Head & arms are missing

(figure 5.31,p129)


Greek sculpture

  • Carving techniques:

  • dynamic contrasts of light and dark

  • semi-transparent robes

  • Deeply cut drapery

  • Bold display of Vigorous movement


Greek sculpture

  • Sensuous body as the winged figure strides into the wind

  • Flying & just landed lightly


Greek sculpture

The Nike of Samothrace in Las Vegas

Caesar Palace


Greek sculpture

"When we go to battle and win, we say it is NIKE.“ -Greek


Greek sculpture

Laocoon and His Sons

  • mythological story:

  • priest of Apollo

  • Trojan War

  • Punishment by Gods

  • Excavation in 1506 at Rome

  • Michelangelo praised it, “incredible.”

(figure 5.32, p129)


Greek sculpture

  • Dramatic moment

  • Tragic role

  • Tortuous pose, stained muscles, and painful expression

  • Sums up the Hellenistic art

  • Memorable symbol:

  • Classical idealism

  • →history


Conclusion greek art harmonious and perfect proportion

Conclusion:Greek Art: Harmonious and perfect proportion

  • Style: Keeping changing

  • Feature: Humanism&Realism&Idealism

  • More Natural!

  • Clarity, harmony, and proportioned order


Work cited

Work Cited

  • http://academic.reed.edu/humanities/110Tech/kouroi.html

  • http://www.greeklandscapes.com/greece/athens_museum_archaic.html

  • http://0rz.tw/d91YG

  • http://www-personal.umich.edu/~mxb/archaic_greece.html

  • http://www.sikyon.com/Athens/Parthenon/parthenon_eg.html

  • http://stmail.chna.edu.tw/~b9216003/show.htm

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sculpture_of_Ancient_Greece#Sculpture

    http://www.infoplease.com/ce6/ent/A0858474.html


Greek sculpture

The End

We luv W.C. !!!!!!!!!


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