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Process of Science. Using the experiments on the effect of bee predators on bee feeding behavior as a model. There is no single one way that scientists study the natural world, but. there is a general process that most scientists use. . Key Elements in the Process of Science Are: .

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Process of science

Process of Science

Using the experiments on

the effect of bee predators on bee feeding behavior

as a model


There is no single one way that scientists study the natural world but
There is no single one way that scientists study the natural world, but

there is a general process that most scientists use.


Key elements in the process of science are
Key Elements in the Process of Science Are: world, but

  • Observations

  • Questions

  • Hypotheses

  • Predictions

  • Tests/ Experiments

  • Communicating


Most people get hypotheses and predictions confused
Most people get world, buthypotheses and predictions confused.

  • Hypothesis: A tentative explanation for a natural phenomenon.

  • Prediction: A forecasted outcome of an event based on evidence or a hypothesis.


Using our bee experiment as a model
Using Our Bee Experiment As a Model world, but

  • Jesse observesthat bees as a group will avoid areas where there are predators.

  • So, she questions: Why do bees avoid areas with predators?

  • She hypothesizes:

  • Maybe because bees can smell when a bee dies, and avoid these areas.

  • Maybe because bees can see large predators, and avoid these areas.

  • Maybe bees can smell the odors of predators


Making predictions
Making Predictions world, but

Scientists use deductive reasoning to predict the results of new observations and experiments.

Deductive reasoning follows:

an “if ….and…. then” logic.

  • If our hypothesis is correct, and we test it, then we can expect a particular outcome.


Let s use our first hypothesis
Let’s Use Our First Hypothesis world, but

  • Jesse observesthat bees as a group will avoid areas where there are predators.

  • So, she questions: Why do bees avoid areas with predators?

  • She hypothesizes:

  • Maybe because bees can smell when a bee dies, and avoid these areas.

  • Maybe because bees can see large predators, and avoid these areas.

  • Maybe bees can smell the pheromones of the predators


Making our own if and then statement
Making Our Own “If…and…then” Statement world, but

  • If the bees avoid predators because bees can smell when a bee dies, and avoid these areas,

  • question and hypothesis

  • And we have two feeding dishes and put a smashed bee on a filter paper next to one feeding dish,

  • experiment

  • Then the bees should avoid the feeding dish with the smashed bee.

    prediction


Qualities of a good experiment
Qualities of a Good Experiment world, but

It is controlled.

  • There are two parallel test groups

  • The variable of interest is changed in one group (the test group), but everything else remains the same.

  • Sample size


Now you design your own experiment
Now you design your own experiment world, but

  • Generate three hypotheses

  • Choose a hypothesis

  • Write an If….and…then statement for your hypothesis.


Review the experiments
Review the experiments world, but

  • Does the experiment match the hypothesis?

  • Does the prediction match the experiment?


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