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«Проект по экономической реабилитации и построению мер доверия». Why IWRM and What it Means 25 th of June, 2013 Eng. Ahmed Abou elseoud Senior Water Resources Management Expert. About Water …. . A “Single” Resource – has no substitute A Limited Resource A Scarce Resource (or is it?)

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«Проект по экономической реабилитации и построению мер доверия»

Why IWRM and What it Means

25th of June, 2013

Eng. Ahmed Abouelseoud

Senior Water Resources Management Expert


About water
About Water …. реабилитации и построению мер доверия»

  • A “Single” Resource – has no substitute

  • A Limited Resource

  • A Scarce Resource (or is it?)

  • Has Social, Economic, and Environmental Value (social and environment are recent)


A unique resource
A Unique Resource реабилитации и построению мер доверия»

  • Every organism, individual, and ecosystem on the planet depends on water for survival.

  • Water impacts all aspects of life on the planet

  • Poor water management and water shortages can lead to disease, malnutrition, reduced economic growth, social instability, conflict, and environmental disaster.


The global water budget

Global Freshwater реабилитации и построению мер доверия»

87% Not Accessible

13% Accessible (0.4% of global)

The Global Water Budget

Global Water

97% Seawater

3% Freshwater


A challenge to water management
A Challenge to Water Management реабилитации и построению мер доверия»


The water scene
The Water Scene реабилитации и построению мер доверия»

  • Resources are scarce

  • Demands are outstripping supplies

  • Environmental/Ecological issues are serious

  • Policy and institutional issues are complicated

  • Current approach is sectoral and fragmented

  • Financing is poor and options are expensive


Where are we headed
Where Are We Headed? реабилитации и построению мер доверия»

  • Decreasing per-capita availability

  • Degrading water quality

  • Increasing competition/conflict within sectors and within society

    • Urban versus agriculture

    • Haves versus have nots

    • Upstream versus downstream

    • National versus international

  • Increasing competition/conflict with the environment


Water as a global issue
Water as a Global Issue реабилитации и построению мер доверия»

  • Water crisis has steadily moved up the global agenda

  • The process is driven by

    • water-related health impacts,

    • rapid industrialization,

    • water security, and

    • awakening environmental consciousness


The paradigm shift
The Paradigm Shift реабилитации и построению мер доверия»

The Dublin principles (1992)

  • Water is a single, finite resource

  • Water management and development should include stakeholders

  • Water is an economic good

  • Women play a central role in management and conservation of water

    The Dublin Principles have served as guide for the global water dialogue


Key water challenges and needs

Integrated management of water реабилитации и построению мер доверия»

Water resources economics

Political economy of water

Water supply and sanitation services

Irrigation/drainage

NRM and environment

Water pricing and cost recovery

Water entitlement and rights

Water users empowerment

Sharing of water and its benefits

Cooperation and conflict resolution

Energy

Key Water Challenges and Needs


Mdgs a starting point

Goal 1. Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger реабилитации и построению мер доверия»

Goal 2. Achieve universal primary education

Goal 3. Promote gender equality and empower women

Goal 4. Reduce child mortality

Goal 5. Improve maternal health

Goal 6. Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria and other diseases

Goal 7. Ensure environmental sustainability

Goal 8. Develop a Global Partnership for Development

MDGs … a starting point


Approaches to water management
Approaches to Water Management реабилитации и построению мер доверия»

  • Ad hoc

  • Economic Analysis -- Single Project or Basin

  • Multi-Objective Planning

  • Comprehensive Multi-Purpose River Basin Planning and Management

  • Strategic Planning and Implementation through IWRM


The water balancing act

  • Supply реабилитации и построению мер доверия»

  • Quantity (Natural Scarcity,

  • Groundwater Depletion)

  • Quality Degradation

  • Cost of Options

  • Demand

  • Increasing in all sectors

  • Inefficient use

IWRM

The Water Balancing Act


Integrated water resources management
Integrated Water Resources Management реабилитации и построению мер доверия»

A systematic process for linking water and water-related policy, objectives, and uses to improve decision making in:

  • operation and management of natural resources and environmental systems;

  • design and implementation of programs and policies.

    A coordinating framework for integrating sectoral needs, water and water-related policy, resource allocation, and management within the context of social, economic, and environmental development objectives.


Why iwrm
Why IWRM? реабилитации и построению мер доверия»

  • Globally accepted and makes good sense.

  • Key element in national water policy.

  • Incorporates social and environmental considerations directly into policy and decision making.

  • Directly involves the stakeholders.

  • Is a tool for optimizing investments under tight financing climate.


Schematic of the IWRM Process реабилитации и построению мер доверия»

  • Stakeholder Input

  • Donor Input

  • Other Input

Country

Development Objectives

Key Water & Water-related Policies/Inst.

Resources Assessment & Analysis

Review & Evaluation

Use Assessment & Analysis

Resource Allocation Strategy

Implementation & Monitoring

Resource Development & Management Plan


Iwrm can be characterized as
IWRM can be characterized as: реабилитации и построению мер доверия»

  • A process, not a product

  • Scale independent - applies at all levels of development

  • A tool for self assessment and program evaluation

  • A tool for policy, planning, and management

  • A mechanism for evaluating competing demands, resource allocation, and tradeoffs


Dimensions of iwrm
Dimensions of IWRM реабилитации и построению мер доверия»

GWP


Water Resources Development : The IWRM Process реабилитации и построению мер доверия»

Prosperity

Governance

Policy/Inst.

Framework

IWRM

Water and water

related policies review and revision

Env

.

Economic

Social

Objectives

Protection

Development

Development

Feedback

Management

IWRM

Resource development, management, monitoring, and evaluation

Institutions

Prev

Activity

Floods/Droughts

Ecosystem Mgt.

Sectors

Water Supply

Water Quality

Coastal Mgt.

Agriculture

Pollution

(water uses)

Industry

Energy

Health

Resource availability/use analysis and allocation

IWRM


Thank you for your реабилитации и построению мер доверия»attentiopn !

Questions?

Why IWRM and What it Means

25th of June, 2013

Eng. Ahmed Abouelseoud

Senior Water Resources Management Expert

«Проект по экономической реабилитации и построению мер доверия»


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